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中国,香港,中银大厦 / 贝聿铭

在接受委托于复杂的内陆场地上设计中银大厦的时候,贝聿铭不可避免被要求在台风多发地带设计一座独特的高耸的总部大楼,这样可以反映出中国人民的壮志,同时表达出对当时作为英国殖民地的香港的美好祝愿。设计方案同时考虑建筑和结构,包括一座作为城市天际线和街景标志的非对称性塔楼。70层的中银大厦高度达到了1209英尺。在1990年5月放开投入使用时,它是亚洲最高的建筑。时至今日,中银大厦仍是香港最高的建筑。

由四个三角形立柱构成的塔楼坐落在52米高的立方体上。位于四个不同象限内的立柱节节高升,在最高处只余一个三角柱。带刻面的表面覆盖着反射玻璃,映衬出周围环境的风云变幻。中银大厦坐落在香港繁华的商业区,为城市高耸的天际线提供了极具个性的竖轴。

建筑的四个立柱构成了现代感十足的复合结构系统,不仅可以抵挡高流速的风,也避免了在室内使用竖向支撑。因此,与同等尺度的典型建筑相比,中银大厦的钢材用量更少。

对于贝聿铭来说,设计的关键是该结构对于中国人民和当时作为英国殖民的香港而言的象征意义。原有的计划包括X形的横拉条。但是在中国文化中,X形具有代表死亡的意思。因此,贝聿铭选择了更加柔和的菱形。竹子是该建筑的设计非常重要的灵感来源。这座大型结构的躯干代表着竹子的生长方式,象征着希望和中华文明的复兴。

塔楼临街的一层向内缩进,向公众开放,方便行人行走,使人们远离城市的喧闹。建筑由宽阔的散步道包围,两侧是凉爽的水景花园,屏蔽了周围的交通活动和由此而产生的噪声。

建筑师:I.M. Pei

地点:中国香港

项目施工时间:1985-1990

参考:Pei Cobb Freed & Partners

摄影师:Flickr user: Stephen Chipp, Flickr user: DoNotLick, Flickr user: WiNG1990, Flickr user: alvinkwok19, Flickr user: reflexer, Flickr user: manning999Flickr user: Gordeon Bleu, Flickr user: jrgcastro, Flickr user: tadolo, Flickr user: benzpics63


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When commissioned to design the Bank of China Tower on an intricate inland site, was requested to create an unavoidably tall unique headquarters in a typhoon-prone region that would represent the aspirations of the Chinese people yet also symbolize good will toward the British Colony. The solution assimilates architecture and engineering simultaneously, involving an asymmetrical tower that informs both skyline and street. The Bank of China Tower stands 70 stories tall, reaching a height of 1,209 feet. At the time of its opening in May 1990, it was the tallest building in Asia and still remains one of the tallest in Hong Kong.

Comprised of four vertical shafts, the tower emerges from a 52-meter cube and reduces its mass, quadrant by quadrant, until a single triangular prism resides. The faceted prism is clad in reflective glass that mirrors the changing sky, anchoring the expansive business district and providing a characteristic vertical axis to Hong Kong's towering skyline.

The four shafts that from the building produce a modern composite structural system that not only resists high-velocity winds, but eliminates the need for many internal vertical supports. As a result, the Bank of China uses less steel than typical for a building its size.

A key issue for I.M. Pei was the symbolism of the structure for the Chinese people and the British Colony. Original plans included an x-shaped cross-brace. However, in China the "X" shape is seen as a symbol of death. As an alternative, Pei chose to use less menacing diamond forms. The bamboo plant was also a significant inspiration for this unique building. The trunk of this massive structure is representative of the growth patterns of bamboo, the symbol of hope and revitalization in the Chinese culture.

At ground level, the tower is pulled back from the street to create an amicable pedestrian atmosphere that is fully accessible and sheltered from the urban bedlam. It is surrounded by a broad promenade, and flanked by cooling water gardens that muffle the activity and noise of surrounding traffic.

Architect: I.M. Pei

Location: Hong Kong, China

Project Year: 1985-1990

References: Pei Cobb Freed & Partners

Photographs: Flickr user: Stephen Chipp, Flickr user: DoNotLick, Flickr user: WiNG1990, Flickr user: alvinkwok19, Flickr user: reflexer, Flickr user: manning999 Flickr user: Gordeon Bleu, Flickr user: jrgcastro, Flickr user: tadolo, Flickr user: benzpics63

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原文:http://www.archdaily.com/153297/ad-classics-bank-of-china-tower-i-m-pei/
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中国,武汉,辛亥革命博物馆(新馆)/ CADI

建筑师:CADI

地点:中国武汉

总建筑师:Lu Xiaoming, Ye Wei

设计组:Lu Xiaoming, Ye Wei, Guo Lei, Ding Mao, Li Mingyu, Cai Xiaopeng, Wen Siqing, Wang Xin, Shao Guofen, Zhang Hao, Hu Wenjin, Lei Jianping, Sun Yanbo, Liu Bin, Ou Yangjian

面积:22138.0 sqm

年份:2011

摄影师:Zhang Guangyuan

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建筑师:Núcleo de Arquitetura

地点:巴西圣保罗Rua Guaicurus – Água Branca

主管建筑师:Luciano Margotto, Marcelo Ursini, Sérgio Salles

面积:7015.0 sqm

竣工时间:2003

摄影师:Nelson Kon

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建筑师: BIG + KILO

地点:哥本哈根,丹麦

主管建筑师:Lars Larsen (KILO), Jakob Lange (BIG)

竣工时间:2014

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建筑师:Junquera Arquitectos

地点:西班牙马拉加

主管建筑师:Jerónimo Junquera García Del Diestro, Jerónimo Junquera González-Bueno, Ana Junquera González-Bueno, Liliana Obal

面积:6,675 sqm

项目时间:2011

摄影师:Cemex, Jesús Granada, Heliopol

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俄罗斯,圣彼得堡,圣彼得堡银行 / nps tchoban voss

建筑师: nps tchoban voss

地点:圣彼得堡,俄罗斯

规划合作:Evgeny Gerasimov, Evgeny Gerasimov & partners, St. Petersburg (Full construction project design services); Sergei Tchoban, nps tchoban voss Berlin (Building construction, interior lobbies); SPEECH Tchoban & Kuznetsov Moscow (Interior offices)

Nps设计团队: Eugen Pfeil, Christoph Heimermann, Natalia Mantler, Pavel Zemskov, Igor Markov, Silvia Grischkat

Speech设计团队:Sennikova Ekaterina, Dionisjeva Maria

面积:40000.0 sqm

时间:2011

摄影师: Aleksey Naroditsky

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意大利,卡塔尼亚的A别墅 / A-OMA

建筑师:A-OMA

地点:意大利卡塔尼亚

总建筑师:Alfio Faro

面积:700 sqm

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中国,广东省,深圳市,中国南方科技大学图书馆 / 都市实践

建筑师: 都市实践

地点:中国广东省深圳市

设计总监:Meng Yan

面积:0,728 sqm

竣工时间:2013

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建筑师: Arkylab, Mauricio Ruiz

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在亚利桑那州斯科茨代尔市外围的索诺兰沙漠中有这样一个建筑群,它是弗兰克•劳埃德•赖特的生平和作品真实的纪念和展示。威斯康辛州斯普林格林镇的塔里埃森是赖特夫妇的夏季住宅,1937年建造、1959年竣工的西塔里埃森是他们的冬季住宅。此外,赖特的工作室和他学生的学校也设在西塔里埃森。

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