西班牙,福斯蒂诺酒厂/ Foster + Partners

Ribera del Duero地区是西班牙最著名的葡萄酒产地之一, 并且也是福斯蒂诺集团新酒厂的基地。这个福斯蒂诺酒厂是诺曼.福斯特及其伙伴事务所建造的第一个酒厂,也是对建筑形式的一种新的可能性的尝试,使用基地的天然地形使之与酿酒的过程相辅相成,并创造出绝佳的工作条件。三叶草的造型反映的是主要的生产过程,并伴之原材料供给和观光设施位于建筑的中心位置。公共空间是位于沿着餐厅和周边环境的夹层之间。两栋主体建筑用于葡萄酒时效处理的工厂在设计上有意图地将其下沉在基地自然的缓坡之中,恰到好处地利用地层土壤冷却的优点。

“Bodegas Portia 是我们的第一个酒厂,所以我们没有任何概念关于我们应该怎样去做。从第一步开始,它就是一个尝试。去检测葡萄酒生产过程中的不同步骤并尝试创造出理想的条件并为其实施。葡萄酒是起点,以及在Ribera del Duero地区优美的环境。

使用能令人回味当地酿酒传统的材料,并配之开放的自然环境,将会提升游客的游览体验” 诺曼。福斯特 如上所述。

建筑师: Foster + Partners

地点: Gumiel de Izan, Ribera del Duero, Spain

设计团队: Norman Foster, David Nelson, Gerard Evenden, Pedro Haberbosch, Nadine Pieper Bosch, Ana Agag Longo, Juan Gabriel La Malfa, Luca Latini, Chris Lepine, Emanuele Mattutini, Josep Mercader, Jaime Valle

结构工程师: Arup

机械和电器工程师: Arup

工程造价师: DLE

照明顾问: Claude Engle

工程经理: Prointec

当地建筑师: Prointec

主要承包商: FCC

客户: Bodegas Faustino SL

工程面积: 12,500 sqm

工程时间: 2010

摄影: Nigel Young / Foster + Partners

在面积12,500平方米的工厂有着100万瓶的年产量。建筑的三叶草造型诠释了生产的三个主要阶段:不锈钢桶发酵,在橡木桶里贮藏提升口感,以及最后,在酒瓶中储藏。这些都被位于核心的中央处理中心所控制。

贮藏装有红酒的木桶和酒瓶的侧翼的酒窖,被部分植入于地下,这有利于创造出绝佳的葡萄酒时效处理的环境。与此同时用于葡萄酒发酵的一翼是暴露于地表之上的,这样有利于二氧化碳的扩散。一条道路一直上升到建筑的屋顶,在那儿刚采摘的葡萄可以被直接送入送料斗:酒厂的设计在于利用其缓坡的地形,利用重力作用帮助将葡萄送入工厂,使其发挥最大效能,并对葡萄产生最小的损害。混凝土结构外附着钢瓦。

基地位于Ribera del Duero,大约在马德里以北150公里,有着极冷的寒冬,并且在炎热的夏天少雨。大的出檐悬挑给建筑提供了遮荫并并设计用于控制建筑内部温度,并且降低能耗需求。通过将建筑部分植入环境之中,使其视觉冲击减小并使得其被动的环境效益的优点最大化。在屋顶装有太阳能光伏电池并且混凝土结构对热量的控制有助于控制室内温度。

在酒厂的顶端有一条公共的长廊延伸至深入每个侧翼的玻璃的夹层区,使得参观者可以通过绝佳的视角享受到葡萄酒生产的不同过程。在侧翼之间是明亮的公共接待和管理空间,在那可以观赏到葡萄园广袤的梯田和水池。整齐的深色的旧葡萄酒桶条板,公共区域的设计用于唤起人们对这个地域传统的葡萄酒酿造历史的回忆。


The Ribera del Duero region, one of Spain's foremost wine producing areas, is home to a new winery for the Faustino Group. The Faustino Winery is Foster + Partners first winery and was an opportunity to look afresh at the building type, using the natural topography of the site to aid the wine-making process and create the optimum working conditions. The trefoil plan reflects the principal process stages, with the operational support and visitors facilities strategically located in the center of the building. The public areas are on a mezzanine level along with a restaurant with views of the surrounding landscape. Two volumes house the ageing processes and are strategically buried into the natural slope of the site taking advantage of the thermal cooling benefits of the earth.

“Bodegas Portia is our first winery, so we had no preconceptions about how it should work. It was an opportunity to start from first principles – to examine the different stages of wine production and to try to create the ideal conditions for them to unfold. The wine was the starting point, as well as the beautiful setting in Ribera del Duero. Using materials that draw on the region’s wine-making traditions, with public spaces open to the landscape, will enhance the visitor experience,” stated Norman Foster.

More photographs and drawings after the break.

Architects: Foster + Partners

Location: Gumiel de Izan, Ribera del Duero, Spain

Design Team: Norman Foster, David Nelson, Gerard Evenden, Pedro Haberbosch, Nadine Pieper Bosch, Ana Agag Longo, Juan Gabriel La Malfa, Luca Latini, Chris Lepine, Emanuele Mattutini, Josep Mercader, Jaime Valle

Structural Engineer: Arup

Mechanical and Electrical Engineer: Arup

Quantity Surveyor: DLE

Lighting Consultant: Claude Engle

Project Manager: Prointec

Local Architect: Prointec

Main Contractor: FCC

Client: Bodegas Faustino SL

Project Area: 12,500 sqm

Project Year: 2010

Photographs: Nigel Young / Foster + Partners

The 12,500 square-metre facility has a production capacity of one million bottles per year. The building’s trefoil design expresses the three main stages of production: fermentation in steel vats; ageing in oak barrels; and finally, ageing in bottles. These are controlled by an operations hub at the core.

The wings containing the barrels and bottle cellar are partly embedded into the ground to produce the most favourable environmental conditions for ageing the wine, while the fermentation wing is exposed, allowing carbon dioxide to be released. A road rises to the roof of the building, where the harvested grapes are delivered straight into the hopper: the winery is designed to take advantage of the sloping terrain, using gravity to aid movement of the grapes within the building, maximising efficiency and minimising damage to the grapes. The concrete structure is clad in shingles of Corten steel.

The site in the Ribera del Duero, approximately 150 kilometres north of Madrid, has extremely cold winters, as well as hot summers with limited rainfall. The deep overhang of the roof canopy provides shade and the building is designed to regulate the internal temperatures, at the same time as reducing energy demand. By partly embedding the building within the landscape, its visual impact is minimised and the passive environmental benefits are maximised – the roof incorporates photovoltaic cells and the thermal mass of the concrete structure helps to control interior temperatures.

At the heart of the winery a raised public gallery extends into glazed mezzanine areas, which project deep into each wing, allowing visitors to enjoy elevated views of the different processes. Between the wings is a light-filled public reception and administration area, where extensive terraces and pools of water overlook the vineyards. Lined with deep-stained old wine barrel slats, the public areas are designed to evoke the rich tradition of wine-making in the region.