俄罗斯,莫斯科,“随意”住宅项目:A101城区设计竞赛/ za bor architects

za bor architects 设计的“随意”住宅项目是A101城区设计竞赛的参赛作品之一,为俄罗斯莫斯科地区设计了一个典型的住宅区。这些建筑物形成了标准小区,可以各种组合方式相结合,使用数量有限的砖块,却能创造出数量可观的变化形式。

这种形式一方面使项目非常具代表性、价格合理而且功能多样,另一方面也避免了常见住宅区单调、平凡的建筑样式。因此每个小区都能根据自身需要单独开发。该解决方案为完善低成本、高品质的市政建设技术提供了崭新的机遇,也解决了标准建筑审美方面的问题。

以传统欧洲城镇建筑为基础,建造拥有以人为主的适度尺寸、彼此相邻的住宅。四层高的建筑物建于建筑基址周边,由独立的模块单元组成。而且可以通过随机选择布局的方式加以变动:三种类型的空间概念、三种饰面颜色及三种窗口类型共同提供了许多改动组合。

如此一来,无论使用哪种单独的单位都能改变小区的规模。有的楼需要在底层设置公共空间或入口坡道,砌砖墙面就从二层开始。必要的停车区域均位于地下车库,车库位于地下庭院,占据了内部四分之一的空间,存放空间充裕。停车场楼梯为引入日照光线,与立面透明的楼层相结合。

建筑师:za bor architects / Arseniy Borisenko, Peter Zaytsev

地点:Moscow Region, Russia

主要用途:住宅建筑

工程师:za bor architects

材料:钢筋混凝土构架、泡沫混凝土砖、面砖

建筑面积:14057 sqm

项目年份:2010

3D效果图:Peter Zaytsev


The “Random” project by za bor architects is a proposal for a typical housing block in Moscow, Russia for the A101: Urban Block Competition. The buildings forming a typical neighborhood can be united in various combinations - a significant number of variations can be created with the use of a limited quantity of blocks.

Read on for more information on this project.

Thus, it makes the project truly typical, affordable and multi–functional on the one hand and on the other hand it avoids dull and ordinary architectural solutions that are common for residential districts. This allows each neighborhood to develop individually according to its needs. This solution offers new opportunities for perfecting of low-cost but high quality municipal buildings technologies and also enables the solution of the issue of typical building aesthetics.

A basis for the design is traditional architecture of European towns—modest human-scale houses built close to each other. Four-storey buildings are placed around the periphery of the building site consisting of separate modular units. It can be modified by means of random selection approach arrangement: three types of space concept, three finishing colors, and three window types provide many combinations for adaptation.

Such usage of separate units enables to vary neighborhood size. In the case of arranging public spaces or access ramps on the ground floor brickwork areas start from the first storey. The necessary parking spaces are situated in the underground garage, which is placed under the basement courtyard affording inner quarter space being used comfortably. Parking stairways are combined with clear-stories for day-lighting.

Architects: za bor architects / Arseniy Borisenko, Peter Zaytsev

Location: Moscow Region, Russia

Principal Use: residential housing

Engineer: za bor architects

Materials: reinforced concrete structural framing, foam concrete block, face brick

Constructed Area: 14057 sqm

Project year: 2010

3D: Peter Zaytsev