德国,莫利兹堡博物馆扩建工程 / Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos

位于哈勒市的莫利兹堡古城堡是非常有价值的哥特式军事建筑之一,是15世纪末德国的典型建筑。动荡的历史不可避免地反映在了建筑多年来经历的众多变化中。尽管如此,建筑仍然保持了它原有结构的主要建筑特色:四面是墙体,四个转角中有三个设有圆形的塔楼,中央有个庭院。

建筑师:Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos, S.L.P.

地点:Halle, Saale, Germany

项目组:Fuensanta Nieto, Enrique Sobejano, Sebastian Sasse (Project Architect), Udo Brunner, Nina Nolting, Dirk Landt, Susann Euen, Siverin Arndt

竞赛合作者:Vanesa Manrique, Nina Nolting, Olaf Syrbe, Miguel Ubarrechena

现场监督:Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos S.L.P., Fuensanta Nieto, Enrique Sobejano, Sebastian Sasse, Johannes Stumpf, Karl Heinz Bosse

结构工程师:GSE, Jorg Enseleit

MEP工程师:Rentschler y Riedesser, Jürgen Trautwein

模型:Juan de Dios Hernández-Jesús Rey

屋顶建造公司: Dornhöfer GmbH

项目年份:2008

摄影:Roland Halbe Fotografie

17世纪三十年战争期间建筑北侧和南侧的副楼遭到了破坏,使城堡成为带有传奇色彩的废墟,这种传奇色彩经历了几个世纪一直保持到了今天。除了1828年卡尔?弗里德里希?申克尔还未实施就宣告结束的设计,直到现在还没有任何一个整体计划是专门为了自1904年就容纳在建筑内的艺术博物馆而对古老的废墟进行改建和扩建的。

艺术博物馆原来展示的是非常著名的现代艺术藏品——主要是德国表现主义作品,其中包括利奥尼•费宁格在哈勒市所作的画作,现在又增加了格林杰的捐赠——桥派表现主义团体最具价值的私人收藏之一。

Nieto Sobejano建筑事务所负责此次扩建工程,设计的基础是一个专为本案而定的清晰的建筑概念——设计一个被想象成巨大折叠平台的新屋顶,使它不断上升和中断,让自然光线进入建筑内部,并在屋顶下方悬挂设置新的展览区域。这样的设计完全解放了古遗迹建筑的地面,为举办各种展览提供了一个独特的空间。设计中还增加了两个新的垂直交通核心筒建筑。第一个位于北侧副楼,连接着必须相通的各个楼层;第二个是一个新的临时塔楼,高25米,处在曾经的堡垒位置上,从这里可以前往新的展览区域,还可以看到城市远处的风光。

屋顶和金属塔楼多角的几何形状与城堡原来不规则的外形和高高的屋顶形成对比。陈列在博物馆内的费宁格的画作极富表现力,建筑新建部分根据这些画作的精神,延续了变化的过程,而变化正是莫利兹城堡在其漫长历史中的一大特色。


The ancient castle of Moritzburg in the city of Halle is a very valuable example of Gothic military architecture, typical of Germany at the end of the 15th century. Its turbulent history has inevitably been reflected in the many alternations it has undergone over the years. But despite these, the building still keeps the original structure of its main architectural features: the surrounding wall, three of the four round towers at the corners and the central courtyard.

Architect: Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos, S.L.P.

Location: Halle, Saale, Germany

Project Team: Fuensanta Nieto, Enrique Sobejano, Sebastian Sasse (Project Architect), Udo Brunner, Nina Nolting, Dirk Landt, Susann Euen, Siverin Arndt

Competition Collaborators: Vanesa Manrique, Nina Nolting, Olaf Syrbe, Miguel Ubarrechena

Site Supervision: Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos S.L.P., Fuensanta Nieto, Enrique Sobejano, Sebastian Sasse, Johannes Stumpf, Karl Heinz Bosse

Structural Engineer: GSE, Jorg Enseleit

MEP Engineer: Rentschler y Riedesser, Jürgen Trautwein

Models: Juan de Dios Hernández-Jesús Rey

Roof Construction Company: Dornhöfer GmbH

Project Year: 2008

Photographs: Roland Halbe Fotografie

The partial destruction of the north and west wings in the 17th century during the Thirty Years War left the castle with the image of a romantic ruin which it has kept over the centuries to today. Except for a stillborn project by Karl Friedrich Schinkel in 1828, until now no integral work has been planned to alter and enlarge the ancient ruin for the art museum housed there since 1904.

A very notable collection of modern art - mainly of German Expressionism - that includes works painted by Lyonel Feininger in the city of Halle has now been enlarged with the Gerlinger donation, one of the most valuable private collections of the Die Brücke Expressionist group.

Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos's design for enlargement is based on a single and clear architectural idea. It involves a new roof, conceived as a large folded platform, which rises and breaks to allow natural light to enter, and from which the new exhibition areas hang. The result of this operation is to free completely the floor of the ancient ruin, providing a unique space that allows a range of exhibition possibilities. This design is complemented with the building of two new vertical communication cores. The first is located in the north wing to connect the levels which must be inter-communicated. The second is a new, contemporary tower, 25 metres high, in the place once occupied by the bastion, which provides access to the new exhibition areas with their distant views over the city.

The angular geometry of the new scenery of roofs and metal tower contrasts with castle’s existing irregular shape and high roof. In spirit with the uneasy and expressive forms painted by Feininger, on display in the museum, the new fragments continue the process of changes that feature in the history of the Moritzburg Castle over time.