德国,美因茨犹太社区中心/ Manuel Herz Architects

建筑师:Manuel Herz Architects, Basel and Cologne – Manuel Herz

地点:Mainz, Germany

项目组:Construction Design: Elitsa Lacaze; Hania Michalska, Michael Scheuvens, Peter Sandmann

概念设计:Cornelia Redeker, Sven Röttger, Sonja Starke

项目管理:Mainzer Aufbaugesellschaft mbH

现场管理:Klaus Dittmar Architekt, Mainz

景观:Harald Heims, Mainz

结构工程师:Arup GmbH, Düsseldorf

陶瓷立面设计:Niels Dietrich Keramikwerkstatt, Cologne

电机工程:K. Dörflinger GmbH, Allendorf

建筑设备:House of Engineers, Mainz

建筑物理:IBC Ingenieurbau Consult GmbH, Mainz

防火设施:Ingenieurbüro Ingo Petry, Mainz

声效:Ingenieurgesellschaft für Technische Akustik, Wiesbaden

项目面积:2,500 sqm

项目年份:2010

摄影:Iwan Baan

很少有犹太社区的重要性和传统在过去能经常超越美因茨社区。但它们在中世纪作为主要的宗教教育中心,其重要性可以追溯到一系列有影响力的犹太学者身上,特别是格尔绍姆•本•犹大(960-1040年),他在教育和法律裁决方面均对犹太教产生了重大的影响。他的智慧受人敬仰,被称为“散居海外的犹太人之光”。美因茨的新建犹太社区中心就试图发扬这一传统。

不过,美因茨犹太人的历史同样也见证了另外一面。纵观历史,几乎没有其他城市的犹太人曾经被迫害得如此凄惨,还一次又一次试图在这个看似宁静的城市建立犹太社区。自从公元900年前后第一次有“Magenza(美因茨的希伯来名字)”地区犹太人的记载,他们的社区就在一次频繁发生的悲剧事件中被连根拔起。而几年后,犹太人重拾勇气再次在美因茨定居。因此,美因茨几乎成为希望、知识与对未来抱有坚定不移信仰的代名词,尽管犹太文化和整个民族受到迫害已有一千多年。

大屠杀之后,一小群犹太人再次创建了犹太社区。20世纪80年代之前,大约有75户犹太家庭生活在美因茨,后来从前苏联移民来这里的犹太人已使这个数字增加了6倍。小住宅楼的现有空间已无法满足日益增长的宗教、社会及文化活动等社区需求,迫切需要建造一座作为犹太教会堂和社区中心的新建筑,就建在以前最重要的“Hindenburg路犹太教堂 ”原址上。


Architects: Manuel Herz Architects, Basel and Cologne - Manuel Herz

Location: Mainz, Germany

Project Team: Construction Design: Elitsa Lacaze; Hania Michalska, Michael Scheuvens, Peter Sandmann

Concept Design: Cornelia Redeker, Sven Röttger, Sonja Starke

Project Management: Mainzer Aufbaugesellschaft mbH

Site Supervision: Klaus Dittmar Architekt, Mainz

Landscaping: Harald Heims, Mainz

Structural Engineering: Arup GmbH, Düsseldorf

Ceramic Facade Planning: Niels Dietrich Keramikwerkstatt, Cologne

Electrical Engineering: K. Dörflinger GmbH, Allendorf

Building Services: House of Engineers, Mainz

Building Physics: IBC Ingenieurbau Consult GmbH, Mainz

Fire Services: Ingenieurbüro Ingo Petry, Mainz

Acoustical Planning: Ingenieurgesellschaft für Technische Akustik, Wiesbaden

Project area: 2,500 sqm

Project year: 2010

Photographs: Iwan Baan

Few Jewish communities used to surpass the one of Mainz in importance and tradition. During the Middle Ages being the major center of religious teaching, this importance can be traced back to a series of influential Rabbis, especially Gershom ben Judah (960 to 1040) whose teachings and legal decisions had impact on Judaism at large. His wisdom was deemed to be so large that he was given the name “הגולא מאור“ - ‘Light of Diaspora’. The new Jewish Community Center of Mainz attempts to draw out this tradition

The history of the Jews of Mainz though, has also witnessed a different side. In almost no other city have Jews been persecuted so often throughout history, and have still time and again attempted to build up a Jewish community as in this so seemingly serene city of Mainz. Since the first mention of Jews in ‘Magenza’ around the year 900 the communities have been eradicated in a tragic regularity. And still, a few years later Jews found the courage to settle again in Mainz. Thus, almost paradigmatically Mainz embodies hope, learning and an unshakable belief in a future, and at the same time the destruction of Jewish culture and people over more than one millennium.

After the Holocaust the community is founded again by a small group of Jews. Up until the 1980s approximately 75 Jewish families are living in Mainz when immigration of Jews from the former Soviet republics increases this number sixfold. The existing spaces in a small residential building cannot fulfill the demands of the growing community for religious, social and cultural activities anymore. A new building for a synagogue plus community center becomes necessary, constructed on the site of the former main ‘Synagogue Hindenburgstrasse.’