美国,德克萨斯州,休斯顿芭蕾舞团舞蹈中心/Gensler

建筑师:Gensler

地点:Houston, Texas, USA

项目面积:115,000 sqf

项目年份:2010

摄影:Gensler

休斯顿芭蕾舞团舞蹈中心的外观能让人联想到休斯顿为表演艺术做出的杰出贡献,也是舞蹈艺术的活招牌。Gensler的设计灵感来自于一种镜框式舞台,通过双层高的排练厅向外展示舞蹈课和排练过程。建筑物共六层楼高,占地10683.8平方米,为休斯顿芭蕾舞团之家及其附属学院大楼,拥有9间舞蹈室、1间舞蹈实验室及艺术、行政和辅助设施。它也是美国最大的舞蹈教育设施。

宽敞整洁的内部空间拥有双层高工作室,舞者不但在室内视线四通八达,同时也能最大限度欣赏到休斯顿市引人入胜的美景。内部视线使空间显得开阔,充满活力,而且让人更加乐于互相协作。在老楼中,专业舞者基本上与学生和管理人员各自为政。而新建筑独辟蹊径,为舞者、学生、教师和管理人员提供了大量空间进行社交与合作。

该舞蹈中心扩大了休斯顿芭蕾舞团的规模,也增加了教育课程,从学前班到成年班,涵盖甚广,其中包括一项计划:对患有帕金森症的病人实施舞蹈疗法。除芭蕾舞之外,学生还有机会参加介绍芭蕾舞表演由来、甚至艺术管理等课程。舞蹈室地面设计采用最先进的竹篮编织地板,既可尽量减少舞者的肢体损伤,又能减轻噪音在教室之间传播。每间教室都有自然采光,能欣赏到美丽的市容,也安装有A / V设备用于回顾表演。

Margaret Alkek Williams舞蹈实验室有200个座位,为艺术家提供了开发新作品的独特空间,空间尺寸模拟休斯敦芭蕾舞团主要表演场所的舞台规模。日光采集系统最大化利用自然光线,降低了能耗。饰面也有独到之处,其中每间排练室的门槛都采用了色调柔和的回收核桃木板。镶嵌在白色陶瓷中的窗户不但降低能耗,还可引入自然光线。西向工作室拥有自动百叶窗,随着午后日头逐渐低落,窗帘也会渐渐下降。

休斯顿芭蕾舞团的艺术总监斯坦顿•韦尔奇指出:“这个舞蹈中心成了休斯顿芭蕾舞团的据点,是真正的国际舞蹈中心。大楼将成为美国以及全世界的舞蹈艺术标志。舞蹈中心将进一步促成休斯顿的国际化大都市形象,使艺术社团不断繁荣发展。”


Architects: Gensler

Location: Houston, Texas, USA

Project area: 115,000 sqf

Project Year: 2010

Photographs: Gensler

Houston Ballet’s Center for Dance is a visual reminder of Houston’s commitment to the performing arts and a living billboard for dance. Gensler’s design draws inspiration from a proscenium stage, showcasing classes and rehearsals through large windows into double-height-volume rehearsal studios. Home to Houston Ballet and its Academy, the six-storey, 115,000 sq ft building boasts nine dance studios, a dance laboratory and artistic, administrative and support facilities. It is also the largest dance education facility in the United States.

The airy, spacious interior features double-height studios that offer interior views of rehearsing dancers and maximise the building’s spectacular views of Houston. Interior sight lines engender openness, activity and collaboration. In its old facility, professional dancers were largely separated from students and administrative staff. The new facility fosters innovation by offering a multitude of spaces for dancers, students, teachers and administrators to interact and socialise.

The Center for Dance enables Houston Ballet to expand and enhance its education programs, which reach students from preschool through adulthood, including a program that leverages dance therapy for people with Parkinsons Disease. In addition to ballet classes, students have access to classes that introduce ballet performance production and even arts administration. State-of-the-art practice studios feature flooring supported on a basket-weave platform designed to minimise injury to dancers while mitigating noise transfer from one studio to another. Each studio features natural daylight, exterior views of the city and A/V equipment to review performances.

The 200-seat Margaret Alkek Williams Dance Laboratory provides artists with a unique space to develop new works, and the dimensions of the space mimic the stage dimensions of Houston Ballet’s primary performance space. A daylight harvesting system maximises use of natural light and reduces energy consumption. Unique finishes include reclaimed walnut planks that warm the threshold to each rehearsal studio. White ceramic inlaid windows reduce energy consumption, while allowing natural light to filter in. West-facing studios have automated blinds that lower as the afternoon sun increases.

Houston Ballet’s artistic director, Stanton Welch, notes: “The Center for Dance gives Houston Ballet a home that is truly an international dance center. The building will be an icon for the art of dance nationally and internationally. The Center for Dance will further secure Houston’s reputation as a cosmopolitan, sophisticated, international city with a thriving arts community.”