美国,芝加哥,Joe and Rika Mansueto图书馆/ Murphy Jahn

基地位于芝加哥大学校园的中心,四周各具特色的建筑物林立。建筑风格混杂,南有哥特式四方形院落,东有纳什的野兽派设计、石灰石外墙的维根斯坦图书馆,北有亨利•摩尔纪念碑和莱格里塔设计的绚丽的学生公寓,西侧还有一栋楼将被改建为新科学大楼。它们彼此没有太多的联系。

建筑师:Murphy Jahn

地点:美国芝加哥

主创设计师:Helmut Jahn

项目面积:58,700 sqf

项目年份:2011

摄影:Courtesy of Murphy Jahn

难点在于如何设置自动存储与检索系统(ASRS),收藏350万本图书。委托方期望在精心设计的地上“盒子”中安置这些设备与图书。为尽量不侵犯开放空间,将阅览室和图书保护部门设计成最令人愉悦的空间,并一如既往地挑战约定俗成的惯例,选择把藏书放在地下,因为这里可以更好地控制环境,达到预期的恒定温度60度和湿度30%,并降低成本。以人为本的空间因此可能位于地面上一个极简约的椭圆玻璃穹顶内,这种外形与周围环境非常协调,它也跳出了传统的束缚。

Murphy Jahn认为建筑之所以被大学领导接纳,是因为它体现了芝加哥大学的使命:推动知识的进步。有趣的是,这种情况却发生在一个未设置建筑与工程学科的教育机构,只是有一种不停超越他人的精神。当其他人以为科学、物理、自由的实用艺术已获得完善,实际它们才刚刚启程。

一旦在设计上达成共识,就可以在正常的设计过程中解决以下问题:舒适度和可持续性、光线控制、结构、保护人身安全、建筑运营和维护。

结构网壳尺寸为36.6米×73.1米,它与绝缘玻璃一同担任极简约的智能系统,协调不同的外部环境与期望的室内舒适度。

室内的照明、送风设备及家具配合得天衣无缝,家具以欧洲白橡木实木制造而成。

用户将会受益于这个舒适宜人的环境,对学习和研究都大有裨益。这不是那种经典的图书馆,但却能指明图书馆设计的未来。


The site in the center of the University of Chicago Campus is surrounded by a variety of different buildings. With a mixture of styles, ranging from the gothic quadrangle to the south, the Limestone Brutalism of Netsch’s Regenstein Library to the east, the Henry Moore monument and Legorreta’s colorful Student Housing to the north and a building to the west, which will be replaced by a new Science Building. There is not much to relate to.

Architect: Murphy Jahn

Location: Chicago, Illinois, USA

Lead Designer: Helmut Jahn

Project Area: 58,700 sqf

Project Year: 2011

Photographs: Courtesy of Murphy Jahn

The problem was to store 3.5 million books with an Automated Storage and Retrieval System (ASRS). The expectations in the brief suggested to house those in a well designed “Box” above grade. In an effort to infringe as little as possible with the open space, make the Reading Room and the Preservation Department the most pleasant space to be in and in line with our approach to challenge habitual conventions, we opted to put the books below grade, where their environment can be better controlled to achieve the desired constant temperature and humidity of 60 degrees, 30% RH – at less cost. The people oriented spaces could thus be located at grade in a minimal elliptical glass dome, which fits the context, because it defies conventional relationships.

Murphy Jahn think it has been embraced by the leadership of the University, because it represents the mission of the University of Chicago as catalyst for the advancement of knowledge. It is interesting that this happened at an Institution where the disciplines of Architecture and Engineering are not taught, but a spirit prevails to go beyond where others stop. Science, Physics, the liberal and applied Art start, when others think they are complete.

Once a consensus on the design was reached, the normal process started to solve the problem: comfort and sustainability, light-control, structure, life-safety, operation and maintenance.

The structural grid-shell of 120 x 240 feet and the insulated glazing represent a very minimal and intelligent system for mediating between the varying exterior conditions and the desired interior comfort.

At the interior there is a seamless integration between lighting, air supply and furnishings, which were fabricated in solid European White Oak.

More than anybody the users will benefit from an environment that is pleasant and conductive to study and research. This is not your classical Library, but points to the library of the future.