德国,柏林,克罗兹堡塔楼/ John Hejduk

2010年4月,建筑协会聚集成员在一起,目的是共同保护众多面临危险的、建于20世纪80年代的后现代建筑之一——克罗兹堡塔楼。这座由John Hejduk设计的塔楼的新业主开始改变建筑的立面时,遭到了著名建筑师的质疑。克罗兹堡塔楼的立面现在已经得到了恢复,人们对它的关注折射出了它有关后现代的历史,也突出了设计师的地位。

Hejduk的职业生涯开始于库伯高等科学艺术联合学院,1972—2000年任主任一职。这位受人尊敬的建筑师与艺术家很少设计建筑,对建筑最大的贡献主要来自他的文字、学术和理论。他是“New York Five”(五名纽约建筑师成立的小组)和“The Texas Rangers”(在德克萨斯境内具有司法权的、强制执行法律的机构)的成员,不但写理论,还作诗。克罗兹堡塔楼是他少数几个建成作品中的一个。

克罗兹堡塔楼是1987年国际BauAufstellung (IBA)计划的一部分。这一德国计划的目标是通过建成和未建成项目持续支持创新建筑与设计。1987年,IBA邀请著名建筑师与设计师为(前)西柏林的中低收入人群设计一座新住宅楼。

Hejduk设计的建筑由一座14层的塔楼和两座5层的独立翼楼组成。中性色彩的塔楼和翼楼最大的特点是立面上附有几何形状的绿色结构体。这些凸出的结构是低收入住宅单元的阳台和遮阳设施。

业主提出对建筑进行翻新,包括拆除遮阳设施,扩大阳台。建筑师协会对此提出了质疑,叫停了原来的改变计划,并为克罗兹堡塔楼重新制订了全新的翻新计划,包括周围早就设计好但从未建成的花园。

今天的克罗兹堡塔楼受到了政府的保护,并有明文规定:任何改变计划都要得到市建筑部门和有关历史学家的同意,所有1987年IBA计划的建筑全部如此。此次情况发生彻底转变要归功于敢于直言的建筑协会,还要感谢市政府对一座独特建筑的认识及其做出的回应,另外也要感谢这座建筑极具影响力的教师设计师。

建筑师:John Hejduk

地点:德国柏林

项目年份:1988

参考:architectureinberlin, The Architect’s Newspaper, A|N Blog

摄影:Flickr, seier + seier, World-3, Jim Hudson


In April of 2010 the architecture community gathered to protect one of the many at risk postmodern buildings of the 1980s. The new owners of the Kreuzberg Tower by John Hejduk drew negative attention from notable architects when they began altering the building’s façade. The Kreuzberg Tower’s façade has now been restored, and the attention it received reflects on its postmodern history, and the prominence of its important designer.

Hejduk began his career at the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art where he later served as dean from 1972 to 2000. The revered architect and artist built very few buildings, and is most recognized for his written, academic, and theoretical contributions to architecture. He was a member of both the New York Five and The Texas Rangers, and wrote poetry as well as theory. The Kreuzberg Tower is a rare example of his built work.

The Kreuzberg Tower was part of the 1987 International BauAufstellung (IBA) Program. The German program continues to support innovative architecture and design through built and unbuilt projects. In 1987 the IBA invited noted architects and designers to envision new low and middle income housing for West Berlin.

Hejduk’s project is composed of a 14 story tower with two separate 5 story wings. The neutral colored tower and wings feature green geometric shapes attached to the facades. These extrusions serve as balconies and sun shades for the low income housing units.

Proposed refurbishment by the owners had included changes such as removal of the sun shades and expanding the balconies. The negative attention produced by the architecture community halted the changes and encouraged a reconsideration of the importance of the building. Instead of the initial changes, a full renovation is planned for the Kreuzberg Tower, including the surrounding gardens, which were designed but never realized.

Today the Kreuzberg Tower is protected by the government with a clause stating that plans to alter it must be considered by the city’s building department and appropriate historians, as well as all of the 1987 IBA buildings. This total reversal is thanks to the outspoken architecture community, and the recognition and response by the city for a unique building and its influential pedagogue designer.

Architect: John Hejduk

Location: Berlin, Germany

Project Year: 1988

References: architectureinberlin, The Architect’s Newspaper, A|N Blog

Photographs: Flickr, seier + seier, World-3, Jim Hudson

Today the Kreuzberg Tower is protected by the government with a clause stating that plans to alter it must be considered by the city’s building department and appropriate historians, as well as all of the 1987 IBA buildings. This total reversal is thanks to the outspoken architecture community, and the recognition and response by the city for a unique building and its influential pedagogue designer.

Architect: John Hejduk

Location: Berlin, Germany

Project Year: 1988

References: architectureinberlin, The Architect’s Newspaper, A|N Blog

Photographs: Flickr, seier + seier, World-3, Jim Hudson