奥地利,格拉茨,MP09“黑豹”大厦/ GS Architects

奥地利的GS Architects建筑师事务所在奥地利格拉茨完成了这个悬臂式黑色办公楼的设计建造。

建筑名为MP09“黑豹”,是为一家专门从事珠宝和眼镜设计与销售的公司设计的总部大楼,楼内还包括一家酒店、可对外出租的办公区、商店和餐厅。

建筑外表镶有一层黑色瓷砖,并以悬挑的形式伸出混凝土基座,在悬臂结构的末端为室外露台。

请参看Dezeen报道过的其他悬臂式建筑»

Gerald Liebminger摄影。

以下信息由建筑师提供:

这是城市边缘地带一处空地上的建筑标志,以新颖而又独特的姿态挺立于此,亦表现了附近整个地区未来发展的潜力。

将一家公司置于万众瞩目的焦点,就意味着将某种经营理念转变成建筑式样。“黑豹”大厦不仅详细介绍了该公司的历史,还真情流露地描述了一种可能实现的美好远景。

随着设计与造型逐渐成形,建筑的设计思想就会浮出水面,而且完整而清晰。“黑豹”优雅的线条,光滑的表面,体现出对城市建筑的渴求,也表达出了建造之神速。“它警惕的双眼”时刻留意着街道上的一举一动,其姿态与轮廓仿佛在充满力量的舞姿中交融,也融进了夜色之中。

MP09办公楼以公司的所有者Michael Pachleitner的名字命名,也被称为“黑豹”,设计目标是成为格拉茨城市门户的一座标志性建筑。

2006年,专门从事眼镜与珠宝设计、销售的Pachleitner集团协同Wegraz公司(格拉茨的城市改造与重建公司)举办了一场建筑设计竞赛,内容为设计一座办公与酒店大楼和集团总部大楼,总部大楼包括可对外出租的翼楼、一家旗舰店和餐厅。两个项目均于2006年建立,竞赛分两个阶段,共有9家事务所参与角逐,竞赛结果一律由评审团决定。

在竞赛阶段,客户就在办公室挂满了飞机、船舶及车辆的照片,表明了他们希望建筑能传达出的感觉。我们从这些照片中受到启发,以一头时刻准备一跃而起的蹲伏的黑豹为设计指导思想,这种比喻准确地描述了建筑的两大组成部分,也指明了设计目标:创造一种令人印象深刻而又优雅的外观。随后立即启动了项目的详细规划,并制定了预计的竣工日期。

项目建设始于2007年夏季,造价3200万欧元,于2010年5月竣工:这座独立的建筑位于一片较为复杂的环境之中,周围有UPC竞技场、冰上运动体育场、Murpark购物中心、集合住宅区以及一些独栋住宅。

它正好位于Liebenau环形路上,这条路向来车水马龙,也是一处重大的碳排放源头。建筑场地近似为三角形,原先就向西南地区倾斜。这座引人注目的办公大楼主体包含了一家本地公司的总部,这家公司专营眼镜与珠宝设计,并销往全球。

建筑造型如同雕塑,很难建造,外表覆盖着一层黑色玻璃立面,其主体建在混凝土基座上,尾部设计紧密,而越靠近头部就越分散,并朝着城市的方向悬挑出去。建筑结构的朝向丰富,内部空间结构因此而得益。

几乎站在建筑的每个位置人们都能清晰地欣赏到室外的景致。针对每个位置都有特别的技术设计方案,其中包括立面、隔墙、门、楼梯以及其他许多构件,从而形成了与众不同的建筑品质。

室内设计色彩简单,采用了多种材料,各个表面的细部设计也精确无比。甚至连整体家具都是由建筑师定制的,因此完全符合建筑的风格。

建筑设计集中表达出了一种张力与魄力,长条窗户的设计更强调了这一点,这种表达方式十分符合公司的经营理念,正是依靠着这一思想,这个小型的家族企业在战后才能发展成为全球化的大公司。

GSarchitects的设计思想

如果没有了艺术,使人类有别于其他生物的灵魂就会枯萎。艺术是人类灵魂的精神食粮。正是出于对情感的需求才使艺术更加受人瞩目。不仅艺术家要重视艺术,所有与之相关的人们都应如此。建筑项目的核心就是内容,即设计思想。艺术赋予项目可以自由发挥、天马行空设计的主体以及思想。虽然我们需要遵守条例、规范和使用要求这些建筑学上的框架,但是在每个新项目中,设计思想及其发展都将成为令人激动的冒险历程。

最初总是以一张草图开始设计。草图作为整体思路的立体模型既可以成为设计的起点,也能将各种想法与情感汇于一处。草图能让我们找到所有的答案,如同一根红线穿插于整个项目的始终。外形和细部设计从来就不是静止不变的,而建筑设计中的内容,也就是其背后的思想,却是永恒的。这就是我们理解草图设计的方式。

正因如此,我们才认为让提出这些想法的合作伙伴与我们共同将之付诸实现非常重要。


Austrian firm GS Architects have completed this black cantilevered office building in Graz, Austria.

Called MP09 Black Panther, the building was designed as the headquarters for a company specialising in jewellery and spectacles, and includes a hotel, rentable office space, a shop and restaurant.

The building is clad in black tiles and juts out over its concrete base, housing an open-air terrace in the end of the cantilever.

Photographs are by Gerald Liebminger.

The information that follows is from the architects:

An architectonic punctuation at an exposed site of the city – a new and distinctive Entree to the city – a future oriented potential for development for the whole area.

Putting a company into the spotlight means transforming a philosophy into architecture. The’black panther’s does not only recount the story of the company but he emotionalises, he describes a vision and makes it physically and sculpturally ascertainable.

Where Design and shape evolve, ideas emerge and become manifest in mass. Elegant and smooth, the ‘black Panther’s composes eagerness and speed to the urban architecture. His watchful eyes attend the street – movement and silhouette merge in the dance of the forces and the night.

The office-building MP09, named after the owner of the firm, Michael Pachleitner, also called Black Panther, was intended as a landmark to the city-entrance of Graz.

In 2006 the Pachleitner Group, which specialises in the design and marketing of spectacles and jewellery and Wegraz, (Graz-based company for urban renewal and refurbishment), set up competitions for an office and hotel building, as well as a headquarters building with a wing to be rented out, a flagship store and restaurant. Both projects established 2006 at a 2-stage competition among 9 offices decided unanimously by the jury.

During the competition phase the client offices photographs of airplanes, ships and cars that expressed the feeling he wanted the building to convey. We derived from them the guiding idea of a crouching black panther, poised ready to spring, which provided a metaphor that accurately describes both building parts and which committed them to a goal: to create an appearance that would be both powerful and elegant. The detail planning for the project, and the scheduled completion date was started immediately afterwards.

Construction of the 32-million euro project began in summer 2007, it was completed in May 2010: a free-standing building in a setting defined in very diverse ways by the UPC arena, ice sports stadium, Murpark, housing blocks and single-family houses.

It is located directly on the Liebenau ring-road, which has a high volume of traffic and is a source of emissions, on an approximately triangular-shaped site that originally sloped to the southwest. The main part of this provocatively conspicuous office building contains the headquarters of a local company designing eyeglasses and jewellery and distributing them worldwide.

Its a hard shaped sculpture covered with a black glass facade erected over a concrete base develops from a compact tail to a more and more resolving head cantelevering towards the city. The different directions of the building structure are retrieved in the inside structure of the spaces.

From almost every position there are vistas through the whole building to the outdoor spaces. A special quality of the building evolves out of the individually designed technical solutions concerning the facade, partition walls, doors, staircases and many other components.

Accurate details and few colors in various surfaces and materials define the interior. Even the whole furniture was custom-made by the architects and is consequently congruent to the architecture.

The desired expression of concentrated tension and dynamism, amplified by long window strips, suits the company’s philosophy that enabled a small family business from the post-war years to develop into a company of global reach.

Philosophy GSarchitects

Without art, the human soul which sets us apart from other beings, would starve. art is the mental food for our soul. what makes art outstanding is its demand on sensibility. required not only of the artists but, also of those, who interact with it. the heart of an architectural project is the content, the idea. art gives the project the body, thoughts that are free to reach unforeseen dimensions. we accept the rules, norms and requirements for utility that are the framework of architecture. however, the ideas and their evolution are exciting adventures with each new project.

The beginning is always a sketch. the sketch as three-dimensional model of thoughts is the beginning and the collection of thoughts and feelings. she tells us everything we are looking for and accompanies the project throughout like a red thread. The shape and the details are eternally changeable, but the content, the idea which is behind, is the unchangeable in architecture. that’s the way we understand it.

That’s why for us its important to have partners who develop these ideas together with us to realise them in this mind.