中国,北京,中国美术馆/ UNStudi

本•范•伯克尔及其事务所UNStudio最近在北京设计了一座博物馆——中国美术馆(NAMOC),他们从中国传统文化中获得启发,为NAMOC的藏品创造了丰富多彩的展览空间。这两座体量结合了过去与未来、日与夜、内与外、个体与群体等各种对比关系,一动一静,有大有小,在外形上借鉴了中国古代的“石鼓”,以现代方式起到了多媒体立面的作用,可在其上进行五光十色的艺术投影。

为了给艺术家和策展人提供作品展览及观念交流的最佳环境,美术馆侧重于为艺术品创造多种多样的展览空间,照明方式丰富,墙面空间充足。交通流线分为好几条,可引导不同的参观群体沿着各自感兴趣的艺术及其他项目主题路线前行。

设计师解释道:“当如果说美术馆的建筑设计是古代神器石鼓的象征,那么其内部的艺术品则代表着石鼓的精神,或者说是它的‘本质’。正如同国画中的龙飞凤舞挥毫泼墨赋予空白的宣纸以灵魂,美术馆中的艺术藏品也令美术馆更加富有生气。”

除了室内空间的设计之外,美术馆的选址也是极其重要的。此处位于城市公众文化街区的台地,通过衔接街道、地下与美术馆体量,在城市与美术馆之间架起了一道桥梁。


For their latest museum design in Beijing, Ben van Berkel and UNStudio have designed a formal expression which takes ques from Chinese culture to create an architecture that offers dynamically varied spaces for the NAMOC collections. Based on uniting dualities – past and future, day and night, inside and outside, calm and dynamic, large and small, individual and collective – the two volumes reference ancient Chinese ‘stone drums’ and function in a contemporary way as a media facade with illuminated art projections.

The museum focuses on creating varied galleries for the artwork that offer extensive lighting possibilities and ample wall space in order to provide artists and curators with the optimal conditions in which to display their work and communicate their ideas. The circulation is divided into different routes which lead different visitor groups around themed sequences of art and additional programs.

“Whilst the architecture of the museum is represented by the ancient artifact of the stone drum, the art within represents its spirit, or its “essence”. In the same way that the agile strokes of ink in a Chinese painting give spirit to a blank piece of paper, the art collection gives spirit to the museum,” explained the designers.

In addition to the interior spaces, the museum’s situation within the urban context was of utmost importance. The public urban plinth plateaus of the cultural district serve as connectors to bridge the city with the museum by connecting the street level, the the underground, and the museum volumes.