法国,格勒诺布尔,Le Connestable公寓 / Jean Paul Viguier Architecture

建筑师:Jean Paul Viguier Architecture

地点:法国格勒诺布尔ZAC de Bonne

承包商:Nexity / Vinci Immobilier

操作建筑师:Tomasini Design

技术设计工程师:IBSE ( structure, VRD), GECC AICC (fluides) / Adret ( HQE)

项目面积:12 100 sq.m . net

项目年份:2011

造价:20 M € HT

摄影:Renaud Chaignet

对原有的De Bonne营房进行再开发是在法国推行可持续住宅的重要一步。本案住宅小区最初是为了将城市中心延伸到Grands大街而设计的,它将多种社会功能融合在了一起,包括住宅、零售空间、娱乐设施和公园,交通便利,环境质量优良。这个小区的碳足迹——建筑外保温(以这座建筑为例)达到了节能建筑(BBC)标准——领先法国原有规范很多年。这个城市再开发项目获得了2009年Grand Prix生态小区国家奖项,该奖项由规划可持续发展部颁发。

122户住宅,2011年竣工

这座建筑包括四个部分,围绕一个内部公园而建,通过楼体之间的竖向开口可以从街上看到内部公园。住宅楼共有七层公寓,一层是商业空间。

项目概念共有五个基本点:环境质量、舒适度、建筑与城市质量、室外空间的处理以及建筑的现代设计。因此,对建筑紧凑的形式和进深进行研究共得出了三种基本的公寓类型:

第一类——带有悬挂花园的标准楼层

这类公寓位于二层和六层之间,面朝街道,通过微型花园和木板露台区域(采用日本花园类型)等临时空间向室外开放,这样的空间由一系列玻璃板围合。这种类型是一种在气候与声效方面都非常高效的体系,构成了充满生气了沿街立面,遮阳帘可以根据个人的选择、使用和舒适度而应用。

第二类——能俯瞰内部公园的复式公寓

复式公寓围绕内部公园布置在四个楼层上。立面通过向公园悬挑的凉廊或建筑界线之内的大型玻璃凸窗而面向室外的景观。景观通过这些双层高的玻璃洞口进入起居室内住户的视野中。整座建筑形成了一幅由有着共同价值观的人群组成的社区画面。

第三类——屋顶别墅

最上面两层的公寓被设计成单层大户型别墅,带有景观天井。横向的上空空间将这些公寓彼此分隔开,使它们成为一户户独立的住宅。最顶层别墅的屋顶形状使起居室有了更高的天花板高度,可以让住户看到韦科尔、Chartreuse和Belle Donne的山脉。


Architect: Jean Paul Viguier Architecture

Location: ZAC de Bonne, Grenoble, France

Contractor: Nexity / Vinci Immobilier

Architect of operations: Tomasini Design

Technical Design Engineering: IBSE ( structure, VRD), GECC AICC (fluides) / Adret ( HQE)

Project Surface Area: 12 100 sq.m . net

Project Date: 2011

Cost: 20 M € HT

Photographs: Renaud Chaignet

Redevelopment of the former De Bonne barracks was an important step int he drive to launch sustainable housing in France. Originally designed to extend the city centre towards the Grands Boulevards, the estate combines social diversity and multiple functions – housing, retail space, amenities and parks, with easy access and environmental quality. Its carbon footprint – building insulated on the outside (for this building for example) equivalent to the energy-efficient building (BBC) standard, is several years ahead of existing rules in France. The project of urban redevelopment won the 2009 Grand Prix National for eco-neighbourhoods sponsored by the Ministry of Planning Sustainable Development.

122 housings, completed in 2011

This building comprises four blocks surrounding an internal park visible from the streets through vertical openings between the blocks. There are seven storeys of apartments with commercial activities at ground-floor level

Five fundamental points orientated the conception of the project : environmental quality, comfort, architectural and urban quality, the treatment of the external spaces, and the modernity of the architecture. As a result, the study of the compact nature and depth of building led to proposing three principle apartment types:

TYPE 1 – TYPICAL FLOOR LEVEL WITH HANGING GARDEN

The street-facing apartments between first- and fifth-floor levels open on to the exterior through the temporal space of a miniature garden and wooden terrace area ( in the style of a Japanese garden ) enclosed behind a series of glazed screens. This typology provides a system which is both efficient in climatic and acoustic terms and which creates a vibrant and animated street facade; the articulation of the brise-soleils being dependant on the individual choice, usage and comfort.

TYPE 2 – DUPLEX OVERLOOKING INTERNAL GARDEN

Duplex apartments are organised over 4 floor levels around the internal garden. The facades open on to the landscaping through loggias cantilevered over the gardens or through large glazed bays set within the building line. Through these double-height glazed openings, the landscaping is enabled to penetrate visually within the living areas. The whole at a domestic scale evoking the image of a human community with common values.

TYPE 3 – ROOFTOP VILLA

The apartments on the last two levels are treated as large single-storey villas, leading off landscaped patios. Transversal voids, isolate these apartments from each other and imbue them with the status of individual houses. The roofs of the upper-level villas are shaped to allow a higher ceiling height for the living areas and provide views towards the mountain ranges of the Vercors, the Chartreuse and the Belle Donne.