美国,密歇根州,PierESCAPE景观项目 / Aedas Architects, Davis Brody Bond and Martha Schwarz Partners

凯达建筑事务所、Davis Brody Bond与Martha Schwartz合伙人事务所共同设计的PierESCAPE项目远远超过了海军码头百年愿景的目标,旨在通过“一系列码头式扩建结构”加强水域、土地、自然、城市、文化、市民空间和基础设施之间的联系。设计方案在尊重码头历史同时,创造了独特的机遇,可以让人们体验到21世纪的滨水区域,这种体验同时结合了历史与当代元素。

PierESCAPE愿景海军码头是一个世界级的城市景观项目,它能保护密歇根湖、加快经济增长、为芝加哥人民创造一个远离尘嚣的场所。这个地方集娱乐、休闲、文化和生态于一体,“令人兴奋、丰富、具有可持续性”。码头可以举办多种活动,吸引芝加哥人民和游客在一年里一次次地重游码头。

“我们的目标是将码头与原有的、新建的和计划建设的建筑高度融为一体”

设计的关键包括以下几个方面:

穿过水域进入门户公园

重建边缘,修建南码头公园

在码头公园着手设计

穿过水景花园里的观光玻璃屋

在东边缘公园进行冒险尝试

游客穿过湿地小溪的入口广场后,众多交互式的空间就会立刻出现在眼前,这些空间模仿了密歇根湖岸线的自然条件。门户广场、巴士广场和湿地花园是三个主要组成部分,吸引游客进入海军码头。

被称为门廊的南码头是使整个项目统一起来的公共空间,延伸了码头的整个长度,将码头与后面的城市连接起来。它是“行进路线”,具有所有的功能,可以举办各种活动。到了晚上,被称为“灯塔”的纤细不锈钢槽钢就模拟芝加哥的天际线,并照亮人行道。这条朝南的通道能够俯瞰漂浮的花园——设计方案中一个主要的市民空间。

花园改变了城市的边缘,将基础设施与环境极大地融合在一起,同时还创造了游玩、文化与休闲场所。这一系列的标志性空间增强了与水域的联系,它们几何形状的设计灵感来自广阔的芝加哥地区。建筑师拆除了船身上原有的墙体,将其重新设置在指定的码头区域,使湖滨空间保持了开放、自由与清晰的特点。

一部宽敞的楼梯将人们引往码头公园。这里混合了骑行空间、剧院、室外空间以及其他更多的空间,形成了一个重点关注互动游戏的区域。水晶花园中一种新创的地形创造了一个室外空间乐园,可以举办“娱乐艺术展览”。

东边缘公园将游客与码头分隔开,让他们可以“进行冒险尝试”。泻湖特有全年开放的公共spa,让人们在所有季节都可以直接与湖水互动。木平台逐级降低,一直延伸到水中,在夏季是一个公园,而到了冬季则成为一个滑雪场。


Aedas Architects, Davis Brody Bond and Martha Schwartz Partners proposal PierESCAPE goes beyond the Navy Pier Centennial Vision as it aims to strengthen the connections between water, land, nature, city, culture, civic space and infrastructure with a “series of dock-like extensions”. The proposal respects the history of the Pier while identifying unique opportunities that will them to create a 21st century waterfront experience that is both a historical and contemporary destination.

PierESCAPE envisions Navy Pier as a world-class urban landscape that protects Lake Michigan, promotes economic growth and creates an escape for the people of Chicago. Entertainment, recreation, culture and ecology weave together to create places that are “exciting, enriching, and sustainable.” The Pier will offer an expanded list of activities and destinations that will appeal to the people of Chicago and tourists, enticing them to revisit the Pier again and again, throughout the year.

“Our goal will be to achieve a higher degree of integration between the Pierscape and all existing, new and proposed buildings”

Key aspects of the design include:

As visitors cross the entry plaza threshold of the Wetland Stream, they are immediately confronted with a range of interactive spaces that commemorate the natural condition of Lake Michigan’s shoreline. Gateway Plaza, the Bus Plaza and the Wetland Garden are the three main components that welcome visitors to Navy Pier.

Referred to as the Porch, South Dock serves as the unifying public space that stretches the entire length of the Pier and connects it back to the city. It is the “route of procession” that docks all the program and activities. At night, slender stainless steel channels, known as “lightowers”, mimic the Chicago skyline and illuminate the pedestrian promenade. The South-facing pathway overlooks the floating gardens, a major civic space offered in this proposal.

The gardens transform the city’s edge, creating a “greater fusion between infrastructure and the environment”, while accommodating for spaces of play, culture and relaxation. These series of iconic spaces create an intensified connection to the water with geometry inspired by the greater Chicago area. An existing wall of boats is removed and relocated into specified docking area, keeping the lakefront open, free and clear.

A grand staircase brings you up to Pier Park. A complex mixture of rides, theaters, outdoor spaces and much more is integrated into an area focused on interactive play. A new topography in The Crystal Garden creates a wonderland of outdoor spaces that provide an “art exhibit of play”.

The East Edge Park breaks the visitor away from the Pier and allows them to “take a plunge”. The lagoon features a year round public spa that allows people to directly interact with the lake, during any season. The wooden deck steps down into the water, creating a park during the summer and a space for ice skating during the winter.