克罗地亚,奥西耶克,公共汽车站/ Rechner

建筑师:Rechner

地点:克罗地亚奥西耶克

客户:Osijek koteks

建筑设计团队:Predrag Rechner, Bruno Rechner, Ines Pelzer

占地面积:21,199 sqm

建筑面积:11,066 sqm

竣工时间:2011

摄影:Mario Romulic & Drazen Stojcic

在克罗地亚的奥西耶克建造一个新公共汽车站的念头始于2007年,当时奥西耶克市政府公开招标,拟以公私合作的原则在城区新建一个公共汽车站。招标要求建筑设计水平高超,同时在建设费用、维护和使用上尽量经济节约。

挑战在于将这个公共汽车站设计为甲级车站,即高品质的当代建筑,而“奥西耶克Koteks公司”为项目融资、建设、维护和使用提供了最佳经济条件。

根据招标要求,奥西耶克市和“奥西耶克Koteks公司”签署了一项公私合作合同,合同规定:城市提供土地,“奥西耶克Koteks公司”投资建设车站。投资者对车站拥有28年的使用和管理权,之后其所有权必须回归奥西耶克市。设计完成并且取得所有必要的许可之后,工程就开始了,尽管时逢最大规模的全球经济危机,也没有阻止这项工程的进行。2011年夏天,奥西耶克公共汽车站正式对外开放。

奥西耶克公共汽车站的城市解决方案在许多方面都是由其在城市组织中的位置决定的。城市从纵向上与德拉瓦河相依偎,在公共汽车站选址时甚至能反映出这一点。

城市交通的终点站坐落在东边,也就是合同规定的地块最东侧:这里有电车站、五个城市交通公共汽车站台、出租车停靠站,还有一个大广场,巨大的屋顶表面和倾斜的高墙直指建筑的入口,也将平台与外部通道分离开来。

公共汽车站在纵向上与intrazonski路并行建造,“封闭”了位于建筑后方的16个公共汽车站台,这里也是“后院”,占地132.9 米×16.4米。除了两层楼高的车站大厅和信息区域之外,还设有所有必需的商业服务餐饮设施和交通运输办公室。这些设施都位于一楼和走廊。公共汽车通过检查站到达站台。乘客从车站大楼通往各个站台。

稍微有点波澜起伏的屋顶表面充分地从各个方位遮盖了下方的公共汽车终点站,尤其是在公共汽车站台和广场入口处,这将让乘客拥有一次愉悦的公交之旅,就如同航行在辽阔的海面上。屋顶的厚重感使建筑立面的玻璃表面如同消失一般。位于整个建筑与外部站台下方的地下公共停车场能停放251辆汽车。这里直接决定了公共汽车站建筑的容量,而行人也可以从外部的广场进入。停车场入口与公共汽车道路是分开的。

地下停车场的支撑结构为钢筋混凝土。一楼的支撑结构和公共汽车站的楼梯核心由钢筋混凝土柱和梁与钢筋混凝土楼板连接而成。巨大的屋顶表面在纵横两个方向上均以钢桁架支撑,支撑钢柱直径32厘米,柱子间距为8米×8米。

公共汽车站无论是在设计理念、设计思想,还是在性能和功能上,均极具现代特色。基本的设计理念源自对欧洲许多国家的旅游客运枢纽站和机场的研究。


Architects: Rechner

Location: Osijek, Croatia

Client: Osijek koteks

Team Architects: Predrag Rechner, Bruno Rechner, Ines Pelzer

Site area: 21,199 sqm

Built area: 11,066 sqm

Completion: 2011

Photographs: Mario Romulic & Drazen Stojcic

The idea of ​​building a new bus station in Osijek was created in 2007, when the city of Osijek published an invitation to tender for the construction of a new bus station in Osijek on the principle of public-private partnerships. The tender required high quality architectural, and an economically best solution, in terms of construction cost, maintenance and usage.

Problem task was to design the bus station up to A category, which means high quality  contemporary architecture, whereas the “Osijek Koteks Inc.” offered the best economic conditions of financing, construction, maintenance and usage.

According to the tender, the city of Osijek and “Osijek Koteks Inc.” signed a contract on public-private partnership in which the city gave land and “Osijek Koteks Inc.” invested in the project and the construction of the bus station. The investor is claimed to use and manage business for the period of 28 years, after which it is obliged to give it into the ownership to the city of Osijek. After the designs were created and all the necessary permits were gained, work started and it hasn’t stopped even at the time of greatest global economic crisis. In the summer of 2011 the bus station in Osijek was officially opened.

Urban solution of Bus station in Osijek was in many ways defined by its placement in urban tissue. Longitude of the city situated on river Drava is reflected even in the positioning of the Bus station building on the parcel.

Terminal of urban transport is located on the east, the most contractual side of longitudinal parcel: tram station, five platforms for urban transport buses, taxi stand, a large square with dominated roof surface and oblique high wall which points toward the entrance of the building and also separates the platforms from external access.

By its longitude, the bus station building constructed in parallel with the access `intrazonski´ road, “closes” 16 bus platforms that are located behind the building, in the “backyard”, whose dimensions are 132.9 x 16.4 m. Besides the two-storey high station aula and communication areas there are all necessary trade-service-catering facilities and transportation offices. Facilities are located on ground floor and gallery. Buses arrive at the platform through checkpoints. Passengers access the platforms from the station building.

Slightly wavy dominant roof surface substantially shelters Bus terminal building on all sides, especially over the bus platform and the access of the square, which gives the association of a pleasant bus ride, like sailing on low and long waves. Her ”weight” dematerialized glass surfaces of building facades, with a distinctive horizontality of glazed fields. Underground public garage beneath the entire building and the external platform has a capacity for 251 vehicles. It is directly associated with the contents of the bus station building, and pedestrian access is also possible from outside, through the access square. Transportation to the garage is separated from bus traffic.

Supporting structure of underground garage is a reinforced concrete. Supporting structure of the ground floor and staircase core of the bus station building are reinforced concrete columns and beams connected with reinforced concrete slab. Huge roof surface lies on the steel trusses in both directions, bearing steel columns 32 cm in diameter, in raster 8x8m.

Bus station is characterized by extreme modernity, both in design and idea, as well as in performance and function. The basic idea is derived through research and tours of many European passenger terminals and airports.