西班牙,马德里,I.M.A.M.综合项目 / nodo17 Architects

建筑师:nodo17 Architects

地点:西班牙马德里,莫斯托莱斯

设计组:Félix Toledo Lerín, Birga Wingenfeld, Alegría Zorrilla Miras, Mercedes Peña Martín, Michael Moradiellos

承包商:EDISAN

结构:Joaquín Antuña

装置:A.C.H. S.L.

占地面积:800 sqm

面积:3,000 sqm

年份:2009

摄影: Amparo Garrido

西班牙莫斯托莱斯的市中心虽然看起来杂然无序,却是由不同的公共广场构成的。有一条市区大道从市政广场连接文化广场、Ernesto Peces广场和Pradillo广场。

IMAM项目位于界墙之间,就像隶属于这一系列公共空间的一个新广场。它不仅在科隆街与Ricardo Medem之间开辟了一条新通道,还带来了一片半遮盖的新公共空间,其中种有绿植,安装了长椅,还有儿童游乐场……

虽然它们是两栋功能各不相同的建筑——妇女协会和市政档案馆,但是它们在构造上却密不可分,几个纵向的庭院从中间穿过。从公共广场望去,这些庭院贯穿建筑,成为巨大的花坛,其中栽种着各种茁壮成长的芬芳植物,譬如鼠尾草、薰衣草和竹子。

根据设计竞赛的要求,旧赌场建筑的立面得到了重建,但添加了一种以穿孔镀锌钢板构成的新系统,从这里可通往市政档案馆,在这个立面与新建筑之间还新建了一间温室。

每个庭院都有两个立面系统:北立面由大型混凝土墙构成,墙面涂上了表面钝化剂与彩色甲基丙烯酸酯泡沫;南立面根据太阳的位置安装了不同类型的大型玻璃窗。这两个结构立面也由V形柱子支撑,为地面留出了更多空间。

我们设计了一栋未经雕琢、充满原生态特色的建筑。其结构就是建筑的装饰,设备装置随处可见,也没有安装吊顶,诸如此类,不一而足。只有彩色甲基丙烯酸酯泡沫和艺术家团体Boamistura所绘制的涂鸦,使之与其他建筑区别开来。

建筑的结构体系配置基于由钢材与混凝土构成的混合柱廊。北侧的柱廊由钢筋混凝土墙构成,作为深梁,支撑在V形HEM金属柱子上方。南侧的柱廊由HEM金属柱子构成,柱子组成了三角形,从而减少混凝土梁的缺口。

每一个体量的两端都有着长达五六米的巨大悬挑结构,体量由混凝土墙和悬挑结构下方坚固的HEM柱子支撑。为享受到充足的自然光线,共有两种框架类型:如果不到5米,为20厘米厚的混凝土平板;如果多于5米,则为50cm厚的轻型框架表面。


Architects: nodo17 Architects

Location: , Madrid, Spain

Design Team: Félix Toledo Lerín, Birga Wingenfeld, Alegría Zorrilla Miras, Mercedes Peña Martín, Michael Moradiellos

Contractor: EDISAN

Structure: Joaquín Antuña

Instalations: A.C.H. S.L.

Site Area: 800 sqm

Area: 3,000 sqm

Year: 2009

Photographs: Amparo Garrido

The center of Móstoles City, although it seems to have a caothic condition, it is formed by a structure of differents public squares. From the Town Hall Square, there is urban pathway that conects the Cultura Square, the Ernesto Peces Square and the Pradillo Square.

The IMAM project, located between party walls, it is conceived like one more square that belongs to this general structure of public spaces. It not only proposes a new  passageway between Colón and Ricardo Medem Streets but also a new  half-covered public space with vegetation, childs playground, benchs…

Although they are two buildings with different functions, the Women’s  Institute and the Municipal Archive, the construction is configured as one piece, pierced by longitudinal courtyards. From the public square, these courtyards penetrate the building becominng huge flower beds with different types of scented climbing plants, sage, lavander and bamboo.

According to the competition requirements, the old Casino facade has been rebuilt, but with a new system of perforated galvanized steel plates, which arrange the access to the Municipal Archive, and also a new glasshouse between this facade and the new building.

Each courtyard generates two facade systems: the north facades, formed by large concrete walls washed with surface deactivant agent, and colored methacrylate bubbles; and the south facades, formed by large panes of different types of glass according to the sun’s position. Both structural facades are also supported by V-shaped pillars, which free the ground floor space.

We are proposing a building without refinement. A raw building. The structure is the finish of the building, the installations are visible, without false ceilings, etc… Only the colored methacrylate bubbles and the graffiti done by the  Boamistura group of artists, will contrast with the rest of the building.

The configuration of the building’s structural system is based on mixed porticoes made of steel and concrete. The porticoes on the north side are formed by reinforced concrete screens, which work as deep beams, supported on HEM metallic pillars in a V shape. The porticoes on the south side are formed by HEM metallic pillars which make triangular geometries to reduce the openings of the concrete beams.

The ends of each piece are freed up by large cantilevers of between 5 and 6 m., supported by the concrete screens and by the strenght of the HEM pillars which hang from their ends. There are two types of framework according to free light: if they have less than 5 m., they are flat 20 cms thick concrete slabs; if they have more than 5 m., they are ligth frameworks surfaces 50 cms. thick.