俄罗斯,索契,“大冰宫”冰球场 / SIC Mostovik

建筑师: SIC Mostovik

地点:俄罗斯索契

设计组:Alexander Knyazev, Oleg Tsymbal, Nikita Tsymbal, Dmitry Akulin, Inna Sitaeva , Natalya Temnikova , Valia Vdovina, Andrey Zinoviev, Nadezhda Egorova, Igor Kolchanov, Ilya Dobzhinsky

面积:96115.0 sqm

年份:2012

摄影: Nikita Tsymbal, Andrey Veter, Michael Pakhotin, Vyacheslav Andreev, Nikita Tsymbal

工程:Andrey Ustinov, Andrey Veter

结构工程:Inforce project

承包商:SIC Mostovik

客户:SC Olymptroy

为索契冬奥会而建的“大冰宫”冰球场首先会令人想起费伯奇的复活节彩蛋。项目标书由瑞士Botta工程管理公司开发,在标书中,项目的外形,甚至连外观的花纹,都酷似珍贵的俄罗斯皇室复活节礼物。经奥林匹克委员会批准,这些草图成为我们项目的起点。清晰的几何状椭圆球体和一套安装在外墙上的LED灯诠释了设计主题,LED灯既能以五彩斑斓的色彩将建筑物装饰得一如复活节彩蛋,也能使建筑物保持纯白色或其他纯色。

本项目坐落在Imeretinskaya低地,距离黑海岸边仅300米,立面的深化设计在很大程度上受到了建筑实际位置的影响。波浪一般起伏的曲线形玻璃外表皮的两端分别面对着奥林匹克公园和高加索山脉以及黑海。这样的立面设计让游客可以享受到非凡的视野,室内的状况从室外清晰可见,仿佛在欢迎人们进入。闪烁着珍珠色泽的光滑的铝复合板覆盖着建筑的外壳,既能映射出周围的环境,也能反映天色的变化。这个巨大的圆顶总表面面积为31745平方米,最大跨度193米,最小跨度142米,高达40米。冰球场所在的小山丘由于与周围的山脉相依相偎,因此场地椭圆球体的外形看起来也有一点天然去雕饰的意味。事实上,为了容纳运动员专用区、训练区、媒体中心、技术设备以及汽车隧道和停车场,有必要建立柱列台座。游客从地面层进入“大冰宫”冰球场,这里也是柱列台座的顶部,作为小山丘顶部建筑物附近的开放公共区域。

“大冰宫”冰球场如其他所有的竞技场所一样,也将比赛区放在了中央。室内设计遵循这一向心式的移动方式;越靠近比赛区,这里的花纹就越浓密,色彩就越鲜艳。空中大堂在光影的映衬下得到了最自然的修饰,明亮的地面和看台上方的玻璃围栏更强调了这一点;其设计灵活地运用了透明度与反射度,以及白色弯曲表面的阴影。在冰球场的主要观众席上,12000名游客的坐席有深酒红色、大红色和浅灰色,让人们将关注投放在重大活动和体育赛事上。


Architects: SIC Mostovik

Location: Sochi, Russia

Design Team: Alexander Knyazev, Oleg Tsymbal, Nikita Tsymbal, Dmitry Akulin, Inna Sitaeva , Natalya Temnikova , Valia Vdovina, Andrey Zinoviev, Nadezhda Egorova, Igor Kolchanov, Ilya Dobzhinsky

Area: 96115.0 sqm

Year: 2012

Photographs: Nikita Tsymbal, Andrey Veter, Michael Pakhotin, Vyacheslav Andreev, Nikita Tsymbal

Engineering: Andrey Ustinov, Andrey Veter

Structural Engineering: Inforce project

Contractor: SIC Mostovik

Client: SC Olymptroy

The Bolshoy Ice Arena for winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia first was to remind the Faberge egg. At the sketches of the bidding book developed by Botta Management (CH) its shape and even patterns of its exterior resembled precious Easter gift of the Russian emperor’s family. Approved by Olympic committee, those sketches became the starting point for our project. The main theme found its interpretations in a clear geometric ellipsoid shape and in a system of exterior built in LEDs that may color the building into Fabrgee-like patterns or any other patterns, or leave it blank and pure.

The further design of its façade was largely influenced by the actual location of the building, which is only 300 m from the Black Sea shore on the Imeretinskaya lowland. The glazing wave-like curve has two extremums that are facing Olympic park and Caucasus Mountains on one side and Black Sea on another. This façade allows visitors to enjoy the remarkable views and makes visible its interior from the outside, inviting to step in. Glossy aluminum composite panels of pearl color cover the shell of the building reflecting the surroundings and the changes of the daylight. The total surface area of this giant dome is 31 745 sqm with a maximum span 193 m, minimum span 142 m and a height of 40 m. In a close neighborhood to the mountains the hill, which carries the ellipsoid of the Arena, doesn’t seem too artificial. In fact, it was necessary to build a stylobate level to house athlete zone, trainig arena, media center, technological premises as well as car tunnels and parking lots. Visitors are entering the Bolshoy Ice Arena from the level 0.000, the roof of the stylobate, which functions as the open public area around the building on top of the hill.

As any arena, The Bolshoy Ice Arena places the show in its very center. The interior design follows this centripetal move; the closer you get to the showground - the more condensed, textured and colored it becomes. The airy lobby is naturally decorated with shadows and highlights on its glossy floor and glass barriers of its galleries; its design plays with transparency and reflections, shades of white and curvy surfaces. In the main auditorium of the Arena the seats for its 12 000 visitors are colored from deep wine red to light grey, focusing attention on the key activities and sports competition.