德国,施文迪,生物质发电厂 / Matteo Thun + Partners

建筑师: Matteo Thun & Partners

地点:德国施文迪

项目经理:Luca Colombo

团队:Florian Köhler, Susanne Loeffler

面积:1,000 sqm

年份:2009

摄影: Jens Weber

以下文字来自建筑师。在木头燃烧时,某些自然周期自然完成:化学能转化为光和热,水变成蒸汽,然后下雨,矿物盐转变成灰烬,落回到地面上,燃烧时向空气中释放出二氧化碳。

但当木材正常燃烧时,所有这一切都变成能量,可能比任何化石燃料(无论是石油或天然气)对环境的影响都要少。这一点可能看起来挺奇怪,但木材燃烧和保护自然环境完全是可以共存的。

这就是德国Schilling发电厂建厂的根本宗旨。这家发电厂与附近的锯木厂一起将木料燃烧的循环周期变成真正的良性活动:锯木厂的废品以树皮和木屑的形式成为可燃生物质,供给发电厂用来发电。反过来,发电厂产生的能量以热能的形式满足了锯木厂的能源需求。这就完成了整个循环,实现了自给自足。

但这并不是全部,因为额外的能量将提供给附近的医院,而生产的电力可供应给附近社区多达1450栋独栋式住宅。Schilling发电厂展示了自然和技术成功结合的典范,技术意味着产生能源,而自然提供了这一过程所必需的生物质(生物质,作为一种替代燃料和可再生能源,在2020年之前可以提供至少20%的总能源)。

在建筑方面来看,发电厂的设计展现了生态的审美形式:透明、轻盈,一目了然。立方体的玻璃和钢结构核心形成了外部可见的技术心脏,其内部没有秘密;圆柱形覆盖层由落叶松木板制成,像某种围绕着核心编织的手工艺纹理,提供了一层自然、悬浮的滤网,与外部环境相隔离;由锌板制成的半球形圆顶就像屋顶上的神圣天穹;作为万物栖息之所的水面是建成建筑物的非物质化演绎:土壤、空气、水和火汇集在纯粹的立方体、圆柱和球体当中。这是一种以几何方式就地提供清洁能源的途径,或者顶多25公里,这就是发电厂获取木材的最远距离。

发电厂还利用了与制造能源所需的原材料完全相同的木材,用来装饰厂房,其装饰风格能够与周围所有的乡村建筑产生和谐之感。


Architects: Matteo Thun & Partners

Location: Schwendi, Germany

Project Manager: Luca Colombo

Team: Florian Köhler, Susanne Loeffler

Area: 1,000 sqm

Year: 2009

Photographs: Jens Weber

From the architect. When wood burns certain natural cycles are naturally completed: chemical energy turns into light and heat, water turns into steam and then rain, mineral salts transform into ashes and fall back down to the ground and carbon dioxide is given off into the air.

But when wood burns properly, all this turns into energy which may be used creating less environmental impact than any fossil fuel (either oil or gas). It may seem strange, but burning wood and safeguarding nature are perfectly compatible.

This is the underlying philosophy of Schilling Power Station, which, together with the nearby sawmill, turn the woodburning cycle into something genuinely virtuous: waste products from the sawmill in the form of bark and wood chips become combustible biomass serving the power station. In turn, the power station generates energy in the form of heat to cover the sawmill’s energy requirements. This completes the circle, and that would be enough in its own right.

But that is not all, because the extra energy generated is supplied to a nearby hospital, and the electricity produced could potentially supply up to 1450 detached houses in the surrounding neighbourhood. Schilling Power Station shows how nature and technology can combine successfully, where technology means generating energy and nature provides the biomass required to serve this process (the biomass, which, as an alternative and renewable energy source, could provide at least 20% of the overall energy supply required by 2020).

In architectural terms, this translates into an aesthetic form of ecology: transparency, lightness, stylistic clarity. A cube-shaped glass and steel core forms the case holding a visible technological heart that hides no secrets; a cylindrical coating made of planks of larch wood, woven around the core like some kind of craft texture, provides a natural, suspended filter with the outside environment; a semi-spherical dome made of zinc acts like a heavenly vaults on the roof; a sheet of water, on which everything rests, is a dematerialised rendition of what has been built: earth, air, water and fire set in the pure forms of a cube, cylinder and sphere. A geometric way of supplying clean energy at 0 km or, rather, 25 km, which is the maximum distance from which the Schilling sawmill obtains its wood supply.

The very same wood which, in other forms, the power station transforms into both an energy supply and decorative texture at the same time, drawing on a language also capable of communicating with all the surrounding country houses.