世界上最令人惊奇却又默默无闻的建筑物

举世闻名的建筑物是怎样建成的?答案基本上可能都是富丽堂皇、规模与历史重要性的结晶。但建筑远非一门精确的科学,正因如此,许多世界上最令人印象深刻的标志性建筑物除了在当地之外,在其他地区都不是很有名气。

值得庆幸的是,这篇发布在Quora网上的文章向我们介绍了这个星球上鲜为人知的地标性建筑。往下读,看看你都错过了哪些建筑奇迹……

你可能会注意到的第一件事就是,在地球上有一部分国家在这个名单列表中比重过高:在全世界所有“鲜为人知的标志性建筑物”中占据了大半江山。ArchDaily曾讨论过被人遗忘和忽视的印度台阶井,而Chand Baori作为其中最宏伟的一座,正名列Quora名单榜首。另外还有印度寺庙,譬如Airavateswarar ,以及印度宫殿,譬如Kanadukathan。

在“被遗忘的建筑”中,另一大趋势是东欧的标志性建筑物,其历史深受该地区社会主义历史的影响。Stari Most的历史就特别有趣,这是一座与黑塞哥维那的莫斯塔尔镇同名同姓的桥。这座桥建于1566年,1993年在波斯尼亚战争(南斯拉夫解体的一部分)中被摧毁,最后在2004年得到重建,再次成为城镇社区的中心。

罗马尼亚的议会宫殿也来自东欧。共产主义领导人Nicholae Ceausescu下令建于19世纪80年代,你会觉得这很难忘记;它通常被视为世界上最大的建筑之一(它的建筑面积只有美国的五角大楼以及最近在成都建成开放的新世纪环球购物中心能与之抗衡)。鉴于这座新古典主义风格的建筑物是以一百万立方米的大理石建成的,它可能还是世界上最重的建筑。

最后,还有一批建筑,尽管令人印象深刻,却由于其风头更盛的“姊妹篇”建筑而遭人遗忘。这就是Choquequirao(另外一座“马丘比丘”)、德干的泰姬陵(“穷人的泰姬陵”)以及位于Kumbhalgarh的“长城”。

你还知道哪些不为人知的建筑奇迹?


What makes a building world-famous? The answer is most likely some combination of magnificence, size, and historical importance. But it's far from an exact science, and many of the world's most impressive architectural landmarks are therefore not very well known outside of their own locations.

Thankfully, this post on Quora sheds some light on the lesser-known architectural landmarks on the planet. Read on to find out which marvels you may have missed...

The first thing which you might notice is that one part of the world is extremely over-represented on this list: India accounts for about half of all the world's "little known landmarks" on the list. ArchDaily has previously discussed the forgotten and neglected state of India's stepwells, and one of the largest and grandest, Chand Baori, tops the Quora list. There are also Indian temples such as the Airavateswarar Temple and palaces such as the one in Kanadukathan.

Another trend in "forgotten architecture" is for Eastern European landmarks, whose history is heavily affected by the area's socialist history. There is a particularly interesting history of Stari Most, a bridge that was the namesake for the town of Mostar in Herzegovina. Built in 1566 and destroyed in 1993 in the Bosnian War (part of the breakup of Yugoslavia), the bridge was finally rebuilt in 2004 and is once again the center of the town's community.

Also from Eastern Europe is Romania's Parliament Palace. Built in the 1980s by Communist dictator Nicholae Ceausescu, you would think this would be hard to forget about; it is generally regarded as one of the largest buildings in the world (it's floor area is only exceeded by the Pentagon in the USA and the recently opened Century Global Center in Chengdu). Built in a neoclassical style from a million cubic meters of marble, it may still be the world's heaviest building.

Finally, there are buildings which, whilst impressive, are perhaps forgotten because they are overshadowed by far more famous twins. This is the case for Choquequirao ("The Other Machu Picchu"), Taj of the Deccan ("a poor man's Taj Mahal") and the "Great Wall of India" at Kumbhalgarh.

Are there any other little-known architectural wonders that you know of? Let us know in the comments below.