美国,芝加哥,拉什大学医学中心新医院大楼 / Perkins + Will

建筑师: Perkins + Will

地点:美国芝加哥,拉什大学医学中心

面积:830000.0 ft2

年份:2012

摄影: James Steinkamp Photography, Steve Hall | Hedrich Blessing

文字来自建筑师。这家医院是校园改造项目的一部分,其中还包括一座骨科大楼、停车场和新的货物装卸系统。医院建筑面积共计80万平方英尺,包含386张病床以及诊疗设施,譬如手术室、放射科和急诊室。医院选址毗邻艾森豪威尔高速公路(芝加哥的一条主干道)的北侧、亚什兰大道的东侧和哈里森街(拉什大学的一条主要校内道路)的南侧。

医院组织架构的概念是以一个矩形的七层建筑为基座,其中包含新的诊疗设施,基座上方为五层高的曲线形塔楼。基座与原有的诊疗设施相连,从而创建了一个崭新而连续的医疗干预平台。基座的一层局部地区为急诊室,经过设计已成为芝加哥市中心的高级急救中心。曲线形塔楼的几何线条将病房的视野与自然光线都扩大至最大限度,同时还形成了一个高效而安全的医疗卫生环境。

建筑的北侧、南侧和东侧无论从体量还是建筑表现上都充分反映了其不同的周边环境。北立面简单而规模庞大,与邻近的高速公路非常类似。东立面与骨科大楼携手打造了全新的面向亚什兰大道方向的入口通道。南立面将矩形的基座与曲线形的塔楼体量相互交融,与入口通道的环境形成了呼应。南北立面的差异也反映在了基座的内部布局上。北立面较为简洁,体现了员工走廊的背部。而南立面层次更丰富,体量较小,包含了基座的公共空间,如休息室和候诊区。

新旧医院的交界处是一个多层的入口馆,其屋顶经过美化设计,点缀着四层的患者与医护人员的花园,有一条连桥将这座花园与原有的停车场连接起来,花园上方还有入院登记处。屋顶天窗作为花园的雕塑艺术品,为下方的入口馆带来了自然光线。其中一个天窗的玻璃墙壁呈投射状与地面相连。入口馆在向室内引入外部景观空间的同时,也避免了由户外的植物引起的内部卫生问题。

设计组:James Zajac – Market Sector Leader (Principal-in-Charge), Ralph Johnson – Firm Wide Design Principal (Principal Designer), Jerry Johnson – Principal (Principal Designer), Jocelyn Frederick – Market Sector Leader (Principal Planner), Bridget Lesniak – Principal (Project Director), Walter Bissonnette – Associate Principal (Project Director), James Nowak – Associate Principal (Senior Technical Architect), Robert Cohoon – Associate Principal (Senior Interior Architect), Rod Vickroy – Associate Principal (Senior Interior Designer), Brent Hussong – Senior Associate (Sr. Medical Planner), Jason Rosenblatt – Senior Associate (Senior Interior Designer), John Moorhead – Senior Associate (Senior Design Architect), Laura Zimmer – Associate (Sr. Medical Planner), Barbara Burnette – Associate (Senior Interior Designer), Tom Demetrion – Associate (Senior Design Architect), Jeff Saad – Associate (Project Designer), Jack Lesniak – (Senior Technical Architect), Marvina Williams – Associate (Medical Planner), Dennis O’Malley – (Project Manager), Zahra Makki – (Sr. Medical Planner), Patricia Canedo – (Sr. Medical Planner), Jose Valeros (Senior Design Architect), Milan Miladinovich (Project Architect), JB Park – (Project Architect), Justin Aleo – (Project Architect), Michael Tucker (Interior Designer), Carlos Barillas – (Architect III), Sawat Tulyathorn – (Architect III), Nathan Fell – (Architect III), Paul Stovesand – (Architect III), Rebecca Cox – (Architect III), Aaron Manns – (Architect III), Joachim Schuessler – (Architect III), Hugo Prill – (Architect III), Young Sup Park – (Architect II), Matt Booma – (Architect II), Bernard Chung – (Architect II), Gelacio Arias – (Architect II), Scott Blindauer – (Architect II), Crister Cantrell – (Architect II), Daniel Ferrario – (Architect II), Leigh Allen – (Architect II), Jennifer Merchant – (Designer II), Hannah Jefferies – (Designer II), Remiko Kitazawa – (Designer III), Michelle Malecha – (Architect I), Andrew Broderick – (Architect I), Matthew Williams – (Architect I), Michelle Hale Stern – (Architect I)

室内设计师:Perkins+Will

造价:$398,000,000

客户:Rush University Medical Center

机械工程师:Environmental Systems Design (ESD)

结构工程师:Thornton Tomasetti

电气工程师:Environmental Systems Design (ESD)

土木工程师:Terra Engineering

施工经理:Power Jacobs Joint Venture

总承包商:Power Jacobs Joint Venture

景观设计师:Hitchcock Design Group // Hoerr Schaudt (Entry Pavilion)

照明设计师:HDLC

顾问:LIGHTING – Aurora Lighting (Entry Pavilion), PARKING – Walker Parking, SUSTAINABILITY (Entry Pavilion)- IBC Engineering Services, TRAFFIC – Kimley Horn, MATERIAL MANAGEMENT – St. Onge, CODE – Schirmer (AON), EQUIPMENT – Walsh, ERTICAL TRANSPORTATION – Vertex Corporation, EXTERIOR WALL – Heitman & Associates, ACOUSTICAL – Cerami Associates, SIGNAGE – fd2s

黏合剂、覆层与密封剂厂商:3M Company

地毯:Interface FLOR, Bentley Prince Street

天花板:Armstrong, Ceilings Plus

幕墙:ASI Limited

外墙系统:Sobotec Architectural Wall System Solutions

地面系统:Polyflor, Altro

家具:Herman Miller Healthcare

玻璃:Viracon

绿色屋顶:LiveRoof, American Hydrotech, Inc.

保温:Roxul Inc.

照明控制系统:Lightolier

照明:Philips Lighting

砖石厂商:Chicago Block and Brick Company

金属:Alucobond, Kalzip

涂料与饰面:Sherwin-Williams

铺路材料:Hanover Architectural Products

屋面:American Hydrotech, Inc

座位供应商:Herman Miller Healthcare

钢结构系统:Nucor-Yamato Steel Co.

墙体:Panolam

门窗(外侧玻璃):Viracon

窗户遮阳:Mechoshade


Architects: Perkins + Will

Location: Rush University Medical Center, 1653 West Congress Parkway, Chicago, IL 60612, USA

Area: 830000.0 ft2

Year: 2012

Photographs: James Steinkamp Photography, Steve Hall | Hedrich Blessing

From the architect. This hospital is part of a campus-wide transformation project, which also includes an orthopedic building, parking structure and new loading and delivery systems. The 800,000-square-foot hospital consists of 386 patient beds along with diagnostic and treatment facilities, such as surgery, radiology and emergency departments. The hospital is sited adjacent to the Eisenhower Expressway (a major arterial feeding the central area of Chicago) on the north, Ashland Avenue on the east and Harrison Street, the major internal street for the Rush Campus, on the south.

The organizational concept consists of a rectangular seven-story base, containing new diagnostic and treatment facilities, topped by a five- story curvilinear bed tower. The base connects to existing diagnostic treatment facilities to create a new continuous interventional
platform. Part of the ground level of this base contains an emergency department, which has been designed to be an advanced emergency response center for the City of Chicago. The geometry of the bed tower maximizes views and natural light for patient rooms while also creating an environment for efficient and safe health care.

The massing and architectural expression of the north, south and east respond to the differing surrounding conditions. The north elevation is simple and large in scale, similiar to the adjacent freeway. The east elevation works in tandem with the orthopedics building to create and reinforce the new entry boulevard from Ashland. The south elevation weaves the rectilinear and curvilinear geometry of base and bed tower together to scale the building down to relate to the environment of the entry boulevard. The difference in north and south elevation also responds to the internal organizations of the base. The simpler north elevation expresses the back of house staff connection corridors. The more layered and scaled down south façade contains the public elements of the base, such as lounges and waiting areas.

At the junction of new and old hospital is a multi-story entry pavilion whose roof is landscaped to provide a patient staff garden at level four that connects by bridge to the existing parking structure and has upper level patient check-in facilities. Skylights act as roof garden sculptural elements and provide natural light for the entry pavilion below. The walls of one of these skylights project down to the floor. Of the entry pavilion to introduce an exterior landscaped space without compromising internal contamination issues associated with plantings.

Team: James Zajac – Market Sector Leader (Principal-in-Charge), Ralph Johnson – Firm Wide Design Principal (Principal Designer), Jerry Johnson – Principal (Principal Designer), Jocelyn Frederick – Market Sector Leader (Principal Planner), Bridget Lesniak – Principal (Project Director), Walter Bissonnette – Associate Principal (Project Director), James Nowak – Associate Principal (Senior Technical Architect), Robert Cohoon – Associate Principal (Senior Interior Architect), Rod Vickroy – Associate Principal (Senior Interior Designer), Brent Hussong – Senior Associate (Sr. Medical Planner), Jason Rosenblatt – Senior Associate (Senior Interior Designer), John Moorhead – Senior Associate (Senior Design Architect), Laura Zimmer - Associate (Sr. Medical Planner), Barbara Burnette – Associate (Senior Interior Designer), Tom Demetrion – Associate (Senior Design Architect), Jeff Saad – Associate (Project Designer), Jack Lesniak – (Senior Technical Architect), Marvina Williams – Associate (Medical Planner), Dennis O’Malley – (Project Manager), Zahra Makki – (Sr. Medical Planner), Patricia Canedo - (Sr. Medical Planner), Jose Valeros (Senior Design Architect), Milan Miladinovich (Project Architect), JB Park – (Project Architect), Justin Aleo – (Project Architect), Michael Tucker (Interior Designer), Carlos Barillas – (Architect III), Sawat Tulyathorn – (Architect III), Nathan Fell – (Architect III), Paul Stovesand – (Architect III), Rebecca Cox – (Architect III), Aaron Manns – (Architect III), Joachim Schuessler – (Architect III), Hugo Prill – (Architect III), Young Sup Park – (Architect II), Matt Booma – (Architect II), Bernard Chung – (Architect II), Gelacio Arias – (Architect II), Scott Blindauer – (Architect II), Crister Cantrell – (Architect II), Daniel Ferrario – (Architect II), Leigh Allen – (Architect II), Jennifer Merchant – (Designer II), Hannah Jefferies – (Designer II), Remiko Kitazawa – (Designer III), Michelle Malecha – (Architect I), Andrew Broderick – (Architect I), Matthew Williams – (Architect I), Michelle Hale Stern – (Architect I)

Interior Designer: Perkins+Will

Cost: $398,000,000

Client: Rush University Medical Center

Mechanical Engineer: Environmental Systems Design (ESD)

Structural Engineer: Thornton Tomasetti

Electrical Engineer: Environmental Systems Design (ESD)

Civil Engineer: Terra Engineering

Construction Manager: Power Jacobs Joint Venture

General Contractor: Power Jacobs Joint Venture

Landscape Architect: Hitchcock Design Group // Hoerr Schaudt (Entry Pavilion)

Lighting Designer: HDLC

Consultants: LIGHTING – Aurora Lighting (Entry Pavilion), PARKING – Walker Parking, SUSTAINABILITY (Entry Pavilion)- IBC Engineering Services, TRAFFIC – Kimley Horn, MATERIAL MANAGEMENT – St. Onge, CODE – Schirmer (AON), EQUIPMENT – Walsh, ERTICAL TRANSPORTATION – Vertex Corporation, EXTERIOR WALL – Heitman & Associates, ACOUSTICAL – Cerami Associates, SIGNAGE – fd2s

Adhesives, Coatings And Sealants: 3M Company

Carpet: Interface FLOR, Bentley Prince Street

Ceilings: Armstrong, Ceilings Plus

Curtain Walls: ASI Limited

Exterior Wall Systems : Sobotec Architectural Wall System Solutions

Flooring: Polyflor, Altro

Furniture: Herman Miller Healthcare

Glass: Viracon

Green Roof: LiveRoof, American Hydrotech, Inc.

Insulation: Roxul Inc.

Lighting Control Systems: Lightolier

Lighting: Philips Lighting

Masonry, Concrete And Stone: Chicago Block and Brick Company

Metal: Alucobond, Kalzip

Paints And Finishes: Sherwin-Williams

Pavers: Hanover Architectural Products

Roofing: American Hydrotech, Inc

Seating: Herman Miller Healthcare

Structural Systems (Steel): Nucor-Yamato Steel Co.

Walls: Panolam

Windows And Doors (Exterior Glazing: Viracon

Window Shades: Mechoshade