设计组：Nilton Suenaga, Tatiana Ozzetti, Ciro Miguel, Eric Ennser, João Paulo Meirelles de Faria, Juliana Braga, Fernanda Cavallaro, Victor Próspero
摄影： Nelson Kon
结构工程师：Ibsen Puleo Uvo
基础工程师：Apoio Assessoria e Projeto de Fundações – José Luiz de Paulo Eduardo
岩土工程勘察：Engesolos Engenharia de Solos e Fundações
暖通与电气：Plumbing And Electrical JPD Projetos de Instalações – Jairo Paixão Daniel, Joel Paixão Daniel, Jamir Paixão Daniel, Jaime Paixão Daniel Filho
照明：Reka – Ricardo Heder
总承包商： José Antonio Queijo Felix
承包商：Theobaldo Bremenkamp, Reinaldo Francisco Ramos [Renner]
木制品：Móveis AEME – Agostinho Alves Moreira
钢结构：Carlos Augusto Stefani
基地位于两条城市主干道正中央，一条是Avenida Faria Lima大道，另一条是建于派恩洛斯河岸边的城市基础设施轴线（公路、铁路线）。同时，该基地正位于圆锥形机场区下方，这意味着每7分钟左右就会有来自里约热内卢的航班从上空飞过。
Location: São Paulo, Brazil
Architect In Charge: Angelo Bucci
Design Team: Nilton Suenaga, Tatiana Ozzetti, Ciro Miguel, Eric Ennser, João Paulo Meirelles de Faria, Juliana Braga, Fernanda Cavallaro, Victor Próspero
Area: 183 sqm
Photographs: Nelson Kon
Structural Engineer: Ibsen Puleo Uvo
Foundation Engineer: Apoio Assessoria e Projeto de Fundações - José Luiz de Paulo Eduardo
Geotechnical Investigation: Engesolos Engenharia de Solos e Fundações
Plumbing And Electrical: Plumbing And Electrical JPD Projetos de Instalações - Jairo Paixão Daniel, Joel Paixão Daniel, Jamir Paixão Daniel, Jaime Paixão Daniel Filho
Landscape Architect: Raul Pereira
Lighting: Reka - Ricardo Heder
General Contractor: José Antonio Queijo Felix
Constructor: Theobaldo Bremenkamp, Reinaldo Francisco Ramos [Renner]
Woodworks: Móveis AEME - Agostinho Alves Moreira
Steelworks: Carlos Augusto Stefani
Site Area: 269,50 sqm
From the architect. DUG INTO THE AIR – A SWIMMING POOL IN SÃO PAULO
Clouds, drizzle, rain, snow or hail, in all its physical states water is related to sky.
However, if we are requested to think about a [swimming] pool, our imagination automatically starts to dig into the ground. Seas, lakes, and ponds explain the reason we react in that direction: essentially, a pool fells like a piece of a lake. It makes sense, the image corresponds to the word, water that rests smoothly on the ground. Water defines the surface.
But if I mention a specific type of pool, a water tank or a water tower, we first imagine an elevated volume of water, a pool detached from the ground level. In this case, hydrostatic pressure is a requirement to fulfill pipes, to supply water. Water level holds a potential possibility.
While walking on the ground,we could ask: where is the surface? In the specific sense of the word, surface has no layers or thickness. However, if one walks in a city like São Paulo [or New York], the ground level does not correspond to the surface anymore. There are some pieces of the ground that haven’t been touched by the sunlight for decades since buildings have permanently shaded them.
In this specific site, the neighborhood’s average height is defined by the zoning code: 6 m high. No side setbacks are required. The east neighbor building shades our site the entire morning until noon, when the west neighbor building starts to shade it for the whole afternoon. Therefore, if there is a pool to be built, exposed to the sunlight the whole day, it is crucial to define its surface: six meters above the ground level.
The assumption here is like to swim in a water tower and to enjoy that potential as a design possibility. One more water ‘state’ related to the sky of São Paulo.
A WEEKEND HOUSE IN THE CITY
São Paulo is a metropolis of 20 million people. It is approximately one hour from the coast. Because of severe traffic jams, its inhabitants spend hours commuting every day. On weekends, especially in the summer, hundreds of thousands drive to the beach causing jams on the roads as well.
In order to avoid being stuck in traffic during weekends, we received an unexpected but rather logical demand as a counterflow action: a weekend house in downtown São Paulo.
As an anti-FAR [floor area ratio] approach, a swimming pool, a solarium and a garden are the main elements of this project. In a properly inverted hierarchy, everything else on this program is complementary: a bedroom, a small apartment for a caretaker, and a space to cook and receive friends.
The site is very central, between an arterial avenue, Avenida Faria Lima, and a metropolitan infrastructural axis [road and railway] built on the Pinheiros river shore. Also, the site is exactly under the airport conical zone, meaning all flights coming from Rio de Janeiro fly over the site about each 7 minutes.
Pool and solarium were displayed as parallel volumes. Two columns were located in the 1 m wide gap between them. The 12 m span is faced on one side by beams supporting the pool and on the other by beams that support the solarium and also hang the floor underneath. Structurally, the mass of the pool counterweights the volume which holds inhabited spaces. In other words, water is balanced by the beach.
The ground level was kept free from any construction in order to achieve the maximum garden area ratio. As a result there are three different layers or three levels for three different moods: ground level [garden – introspective or encompassed by the site limits], apartment level [the only indoor space floating above the ground and underneath the pool], and rooftop [swimming pool and solarium, an extroverted or panoramic space].
This building and its program differs from the focus of traditional architectural projects in two ways: the metropolis becomes a possible place to stay and enjoy during the weekends and elements generally considered secondary in a big house become fundamental components.
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