丹麦,罗斯基勒,垃圾焚烧厂/ Erick van Egeraat

建筑师:Erick van Egeraat

地点:丹麦罗斯基勒

年份:2014

摄影: Tim Van de Velde

文字来自建筑师。丹麦的罗斯基勒市自从建起了新的垃圾-能源转换焚烧线,就拥有了继联合国教科文组织世界遗产——大教堂之后的第二个高耸入云的标志性建筑物:这座能源塔楼由埃里克·范·埃格拉特(Erick van Egeraat)设计。2014年9月2日,丹麦皇储弗雷德里克为塔楼揭牌。

垃圾焚烧厂将焚烧周边九座城市以及许多国外地区的垃圾,为整个罗斯基勒地区发电,提供热动力。为供应这条新建成的庞大焚烧线,计划在小城罗斯基勒附近的一个相对平坦的地块上建造一座外观适宜的建筑物,因此组织了一次国际设计竞赛。2008年,竞赛评审团一致选中了埃里克·范·埃格拉特提交的设计方案。该设计为当地垃圾管理公司Kara/Noveren下一代焚烧线的功能主义建筑提供了一种形象的表达。立面由两个层次组成:内层表皮作为实际的气候防护层,这样就可以更加自由地处理第二层表皮了——棕土色铝板上面开有激光切割的圆洞,形成了不规则的图案。铝板经过处理,在白天呈现出了理想的色泽。晚上,设计好的照明装置安装在两个立面之间,为建筑物带来了一种额外的隐喻。

埃里克·范·埃格拉特这样描述他的设计:

“晚上,背光多孔表面轻轻将焚烧炉转换成发光的灯塔——工厂的能源生产的象征。从一小时几次迸发的光线逐渐增长为一团燃烧的火焰,点亮了整个建筑。当这把‘火’熄灭时,建筑物光华尽退,如同燃烧过的灰烬。”

对于立面的照明来说,让人们仅仅能看到光线而看不到光源,这是很重要的。设计师将光线投射到内部立面上,从而实现了这一目标,他们让光线柔和地穿透建筑的多孔表皮。所有的照明装置都能单独控制开关和颜色。不过,安装照明装置并不意味着要去照亮天空,或主导环境,而是用来强调建筑的工业特点的,尤其是在晚上赋予一种诗意,带来特别的体验。

本设计基于简单的施工详图结合前沿的铝制立面板制造技术,以及巧妙的加工和复制方式。归因于其庞大的规模,焚烧炉注定要成为风光开阔的罗斯基勒地区的一座出色建筑,代表了一种风格超现代的、可持续利用能源的厂房,在这里,垃圾将被转变为能源。

这座在罗斯基勒地区特别新建的垃圾焚烧炉,为一个原本单纯的工业综合体增添了新的价值。焚烧炉的外形丰富了这座曾是丹麦首都的小城的天际线,还下了一个具有历史意义的注解。建筑的下部模仿了周边工厂的棱角分明的屋顶,但令人印象深刻的97米高的尖塔,就像是这座城市最主要的历史纪念建筑——罗斯基勒大教堂的现代版本。

埃里克·范·埃格拉特:

“虽然相隔近1000年,但是由鲜艳的石头和砖块建造的大教堂的双子塔,和新的标志性的焚烧炉,如今已共同成为这座原本在斯卡格拉克海峡的风景当中平淡无奇的城市的新守卫者。当然,我对此深感自豪”。


Architects: Erick van Egeraat

Location: 4000 Roskilde, Denmark

Year: 2014

Photographs: Tim Van de Velde

From the architect. With the new waste-to-energy Incineration Line, the city of Roskilde in Denmark will have a second towering landmark, besides the UNESCO world heritage Cathedral: The Energy Tower designed by Erick van Egeraat. The facility was inaugurated by His Royal Highness Crown Prince Frederik on September 2, 2014.

The plant will incinerate waste, from nine surrounding municipalities and from many places abroad to produce electricity and heat power for the whole region of Roskilde. To provide the huge new incinerator line, planned in a relatively flat landscape and next to the relatively small city of Roskilde with a suitable appearance, an international design competition was organized. In 2008 the jury unanimously selected the design proposed by Erick van Egeraat. The design presents an iconic expression for the otherwise functional architecture of the local waste management company Kara/Noveren’s next generation incineration line. The façade consists of two layers: the inner layer is the skin which provides the actual climatic barrier, allowing the second skin to be treated more freely - raw umber-coloured aluminium plates with an irregular pattern of laser cut circular holes. The aluminium plates are treated to give them the desired colour and patina at day time. At night, the programmable lighting, installed between the two facades, gives the building an additional metaphor.

Erick van Egeraat states about his design: ‘‘At night the backlight perforated façade transforms the incinerator into a gently glowing beacon – a symbol of the plant’s energy production. Several times an hour a spark of light will gradually grow into a burning flame that lights up the entire building. When the metaphorical fire ceases, the building falls back into a state of burning embers.’’

For the illumination of the façade it was important that only the light and not the light sources themselves are visible. This has been realized by reflecting the light on the inner façade, which allowed the light glowing decently through the perforated skin. All luminaries can be programmed individually and in colour. Nevertheless the lighting is not intended to brighten the sky or dominate the surroundings, but rather serves to underline the buildings’ industrial character and above all to give it poetic meaning and experience at night.

The design is based on simple construction details combined with cutting edge manufacturing technology for the production of the aluminium façade panels and clever processing and repetition. Due to its large scale, the incinerator is destined to become an outstanding structure in the wide and open landscape of the Roskilde area and represents a hypermodern and sustainable energy plant, where waste will be turned into power.

The new incinerator in Roskilde is created specifically to add value to an otherwise purely industrial complex. Enriching the skyline of this small Danish city, once the Danish Capital, the silhouette of the incinerator also provides an historic comment. The lower part of the building resembles angular roofs of surrounding factories, but the impressive 97-meter spire and its materialization is the modern counterpart of the city’s prime historical monument, the Roskilde Cathedral.

Erick van Egeraat: “Although almost 1000 years apart, the Cathedral’s twin towers made of warmly coloured stone and brick ánd the new iconic glowing incinerator, have now together become the novel guardians of the city’s otherwise modest presence in the Skagerrag landscape. Of course I am proud of that”.