“99%隐形播客”:Hundertwasser与直线型建筑的斗争

在最新一期的“ 99% 隐形播客”中,Roman Mars对鲜为人知的建筑师Tausendsassa Friedensreich Regentag Dunkelbunt Hundertwasser的作品进行了探究。提到这位建筑师,人们总会想到他采用曲线形式的色彩斑斓的设计作品。他名字中的单词所对应的意思为“多才、和平、雨天、深色、百水”。不论是他的名字,还是他与众不同的创意,都证实了Hundertwasser不是一位平凡的建筑师。请收看播客,稍事休息后再欣赏Hundertwasser的一些作品。

在最新一期的“ 99% 隐形播客”中,Roman Mars对鲜为人知的建筑师Tausendsassa Friedensreich Regentag Dunkelbunt Hundertwasser的作品进行了探究。提到这位建筑师,人们总会想到他采用曲线形式的色彩斑斓的设计作品。他名字中的单词所对应的意思为“多才、和平、雨天、深色、百水”。不论是他的名字,还是他与众不同的创意,都证实了Hundertwasser不是一位平凡的建筑师。请收看播客,稍事休息后再欣赏Hundertwasser的一些作品

Hundertwasser就以其独特的建筑艺术方法而闻名,他最初为大众所熟知的是他抽象而又带有迷幻色彩的绘画。之后他开始从事建筑设计。他设计的建筑就是其艺术作品的再生,其中融入自己关于自然和个人表达的想法。一些建筑评论家厌弃他的建筑,认为这些作品非常媚俗。但也许Hundertwasser最让人难忘的一点是他是生态建筑设计的先驱,他强调建筑如何能够同自然植被一起生长和变化。

Hundertwasser曾发表过“当今的建筑都乏味至极”这样的著名言论。他设计的位于德国马格德堡的“绿色城堡”与城市中众多苏联时期的正交直线型的公寓构成了鲜明的对比。他喜欢一切能够拉近人与自然的距离的事物。他在“霉臭言论”中曾提到在住宅中与霉菌亲密接触。他甚至提议将堆肥厕所建在室内。他的资助者和拥护者都无法理解这一理念。

他希望自己设计的每座建筑都别具特色,并能够带给业主个性表达的机会。与建筑师在自己设计的建筑中通常所扮演的角色不同,Hundertwasser容许自然和个性的表达,这样一来他的设计就更具特色。

虽然Hundertwasser多数的理念和言论让人感觉荒诞不羁,但是他所钟爱的建成环境中主要元素,如与自然的亲密接触将会成为一种主流。他最广为人知的部分作品如下所示。


In the latest episode of his 99% Invisible podcast, Roman Mars digs into the work of lesser-known architect Tausendsassa Friedensreich Regentag Dunkelbunt Hundertwasser. Often cited for his colorful and curvilinear forms, his name translates to “Multi-Talented Peace-Filled Rainy Day Dark-Colored Hundred Waters.” In everything from his name to his unusual ideas put forth in manifestos, it is immediately evident that Hundertwasser was no ordinary architect. Listen to the podcast and check out some of Hundertwasser’s works after the break.

In his introduction, Mars notes that it is far easier to make buildings out of straight lines than it is to make curvilinear surfaces. Orthogonal buildings are by far the most common geometry in the built environment and are often more cost effective and the easiest to construct. However, some architects have taken a different approach to design by conceptualizing space as an opportunity for developing forms.

Hundertwasser is particularly known for his unusual artistic approach to architecture and originally became famous for his abstract, psychedelic paintings. Later he created buildings that look like works straight from his art and incorporated his own beliefs about nature and individual expression. Some architecture critics dismiss his works as kitsch, however what makes Hundertwasser most memorable is that he was an early adopter of ecological architecture and emphasized how buildings can grow and change with natural vegetation.

Famously stating that “today architecture is criminally sterile,” Hundertwasser’s “Green Citadel,” in Magdeburg, Germany stands in sharp contrast to many of the endless orthogonal soviet-era apartments found in the city. He was in favor of anything that would bring humans closer to nature, including embracing mold in one’s home with his “moldiness manifesto.” He even proposed composting toilets for the interior of buildings, an idea that never caught on with his funders and backers.

He also designed each of his buildings in the hope that they would take on a unique character and offer their occupants a chance for individual expression. Contrary to the conventional notion of the architect’s role in the their building, Hundertwasser allowed nature and individual expression to characterize his designs.

Though many of Hundertwasser’s ideas and manifestos may come across as outlandish, the key elements he favored in the built environment such as an affinity for nature would later become ubiquitous. Check out some of his most notable works in the gallery below.