奥地利 ,湖畔别墅 / Alexander Diem

建筑师:Alexander Diem

地点:奥地利

面积:630.0 sqm

竣工时间:2014

摄影师:Andreas Balon

文字来自建筑师。栅栏、花园、木立面、外墙、社交房间、私人房间——越深入这座湖畔别墅的,就越能发现这座建筑的私密和宁静。 私密性是紧邻湖畔的这座独栋住宅的中心主旨。在这样一个也许再也无隐私可言的时代,这座建成建筑在公共空间和私人空间之间成功过渡。空间被赋予的价值和设计的层次直接取决于你在其中停留的时长。以被认定为是从属空间的楼梯为例,它的高度和楼面面积被尽可能地缩小。相反,卧室就十分宽敞,空间高度达到5.6米。圆形的楼层平面与通常的理性主义建筑设计构成鲜明的对比,使家人时刻被安全感所包围。

独特的木立面采用了当地乡村的装饰风格。包裹建筑的板材上雕刻着象征食物、丰收和水果的镂空图案,阳光透过这些镂空洒向室内,使板材看起来像是充满异域情调的墙纸。板材有多种类型,并可根据需求打开或者封闭。立面不仅具有遮阳作用,也可以用来随心所欲地调节内部空间的私密程度。虽然住宅为住户提供了具有私密性的隐居之所,但它却没有脱离其所在的环境而存在:湖畔别墅与场地的特殊环境相呼应,将环境与住户的通用需求整合在一起。

艺术品是建筑不可分割的一部分

在公共建筑中,将艺术品融于建筑中是常见的设计手法。Alexander Diem 将这一手法应用在这座私人住宅项目中。艺术家Nick Oberthaler设计的一件艺术品被安放在屋顶露台上。艺术家Plamen Dejanoff精心设计的正门采用了传统的乡村别墅的重型门的样式。两位艺术家以维也纳的美术馆经营者Emanuel Layr为代表。Alexander Diem在设计的早期阶段就聘请Emanuel Layr作为专家,并将其作为行为榜样。一般来说,在建筑竣工后,艺术品才开始发挥作用。


Architects: Alexander Diem

Location: Austria

Area: 630.0 sqm

Year: 2014

Photographs: Andreas Balon

From the architect. Fence, garden, wooden facade, exterior wall, social rooms, private rooms— the farther one gets into the villa by the lake, the more private and gentle the building appears. Privacy is the central theme of this single-family home in close proximity to a lake. In a time which supposedly knows no privacy any more, the built volume celebrates the transition from public to private spaces. The value assigned to, and the resultant hierarchy of, spaces derives directly from how long you stay in them. The stairs, for example, are treated as a subordinate area and are reduced to mere necessity in regard to ceiling height and floor space. By contrast, living rooms are laid out very generously, with ceiling heights up to 5.6 meters. Rounded floor plans define a counter- position to the usual rationalist architecture, generating a sense of homey security.

The distinctive wooden facade self-assuredly takes up the rustic patterns of the region. With panels closed, the cut-out shapes which symbolize food, harvest, and fruit cast shadows on the inside and almost look like exotic wallpapers. The panels are variable and may be kept open or closed as required. The facade is not only for sun protection, but also enables controlling the degree of privacy desired. While offering possibilities for seclusion and intimacy, the house is by no means isolated from its local environs: the lakeside villa responds to its site-specific context, integrating it with the universal needs of the inhabitants.

Arts as an integral part of architecture

Art in architecture, which has long been common practice in the public sector was implemented by Alexander Diem here in a private project. A piece by artist Nick Oberthaler is integrated in the terrace floor. And the elaborate main door by artist Plamen Dejanoff quotes the heavy doors of historical country houses. Both artists are represented by Vienna-based gallerist Emanuel Layr whom Alexander Diem called in as an expert already in the planning phase, thus setting up a role model. Normally, art only comes into play after the completion of a building.