中国,张家港,小城河改造 / 柏涛景观

建筑师: Botao Landscape

地点:中国江苏省张家港市 Zhangjiagang City Price Control Bureau, 70 Renmin Middle Road, Zhangjiagang, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China, 215600

面积:65000.0 sqm

摄影师:柏涛景观

文字来自建筑师。小城河位于城市中心商业步行街的南侧,东起谷渎港,西至港城大道,全长2000多米,河面平均宽度约12米。20世纪90年代起,尽半数河面被房屋覆盖,雨水污水直排河道,河流全年都无法清淤疏浚,水质被严重污染。小城河周围环境杂乱,交通拥堵,建筑老旧不堪。

小城河的整体改造工程以打造核心商业区的“城市会客厅”的理念为基础,治理污染和污水排放,同时恢复河流的自然生态;打造景观同时为人们提供更加惬意的环境;进行全方位改进并提升整个区域的基础设施功能。

小城河和谷渎港的改造采用现代简约的风格,到处洋溢着浓郁的水乡风格与特色。建筑师利用亭榭和墙体演绎出江南独有的景色——枕水人家。项目修复了老杨舍时代的人们最熟悉的青龙桥。青龙桥、龙吟——谷渎港潮汐的声音、绿芳亭、竹筏码头、船坞、暨阳城墙、“八不准”戒碑和老杨舍历史中八个原创的文化元素被在安置在谷渎港两侧,来展现古渎港滨水区的人文景观特色。

河畔区域的中心地带为公众区域,景观设计优雅现代,利用鹅卵石带和花岗岩来营造一种厚重之感。河的的南北两岸主要由景观桥来连接,它为大众的日常生活提供便利,同时也在河面上构成一处景观。中心舞台的设计活跃了整个城市公共广场的氛围,滨水步道的设计也为人们的生活增添了一丝浪漫。此外,咖啡馆旁的跌水设计使广场显得更加灵动,3米高的落差极具视觉冲击力,成为广场的景观视觉焦点。道路转角的雕塑设计赋予室外公共空间统一的主题,构成一处整合式的公共户外景观。

同时,地块景观设计遵照市政管理的规划和设计,合理安排了公共汽车站,方便市民的日常生活。整个景观和建筑设计摒弃一切繁琐的符号,留下最平和的价值感。在整个项目中,中式精神大于中式元素。


Architects: Botao Landscape

Location: Zhangjiagang City Price Control Bureau, 70 Renmin Middle Road, Zhangjiagang, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China, 215600

Area: 65000.0 sqm

Photographs: Courtesy of Botao Landscape

From the architect. The Town River is located at the south of urban core commercial pedestrian street, and it is started from Gudu Harbor on the east and extended to Gangcheng Blvd on the west with an overall length of more than 2,200 meters and average river width of almost 12 meters. Since the early 1990s, due to the situation that nearly half of the river was covered by house and the rain sewage directly discharged into the river, and unable to implement river dredging throughout the year, the river water quality was seriously polluted; for the surrounding area of Town River, the environment was in a mess, and the traffic was congested and the buildings were old and shabby.

The comprehensive reconstruction of Town River is based on the concept of creating the “City Parlor” of core commercial area and trying to implement the pollution control and water import meanwhile recover the natural ecology of the river; construct the landscape meanwhile provide a more pleasant environment; implement comprehensive improvement meanwhile improve infrastructure functions of the entire region.

Based on the modern simple style, the reconstruction of Town River and Gudu Harbor is permeated with strong water town style and features everywhere. Designer utilizes pavilion and wall to deduce the peculiar scenery of south of the Yangtza River—people who lives near river. The most familiar Tsing Lung Bridge for the people of Old Yangshe was repaired. The Tsing Lung Bridge, Longyin, the sound of tide of Gudu Harbor, the Green Fragrant Pavilion, the bamboo raft dock, the ship dock, the Jiyang city wall and the “Eight Forbiddens” stela and the eight original cultural elements in the history of Old Yangshe are embellished on the two sides of Gudu Harbor river by creative arrangement to present the waterfront human landscape features of Gudu Harbor.

The heartland of the riverside area is the general public places, the landscape design is elegant and modern and utilizes boulder strip and granite to create a thick and solid feeling. The landscape bridge is the central link to connect the north and south area of the river so that benefits the daily life of the general public, meanwhile forms a landscape over the river. The design of a center stage increases the lively atmosphere of the overall city public square, and the design of a waterfront footpath adds a romantic atmosphere to people’s life, what’s more, the cascade design next to the coffee house increases the flow atmosphere to the square, and the 3 meters drop of cascade creates a visual impact and becomes a landscape focal point on the square. The sculpture design on the road corner makes the external public space unified with a theme and forms an integral public outdoor landscape.

Meanwhile, the landscape design follows the planning and design of municipal government, bus stations are properly arranged on this area to make it convenient for citizens’ daily life. In the overall landscape and architecture design, we get rid of all the cumbersome notations and keep the most peaceful sense of value, and the Chinese spirit is greater than Chinese elements in the design of this project.