韩国,首尔,“堡垒”砖石住宅 / Wise Architecture

建筑师: Wise Architecture

地点:韩国首尔,Sindang, Sindang-dong, Jung-gu

面积:454.0 sqm

摄影师:Roh Kyung

建筑范围:2F

结构:RC

用地面积:1,132.6 m2

覆盖率:40.13%

总建筑面积:650.54m2

容积率:57.44%

文字来自建筑师。新堂洞位于光化门附近,此处经常有死尸从汉阳城墙中出现,所以那附近住着许多萨满教巫医。据说,由于这些环境的存在,该城市最初被起名为“新堂”,在韩语中意思是“魂灵的场所”。两座住宅刚好背对背而建,位于一个狭窄而陡峭的山坡上,给人以幽暗的感觉,这种感觉如今仍能在这个地区感受到。

然而,整个建筑场地截然不同。首尔城墙位于城市的后方,如同一道从入口道路开始延伸的屏障,而且由于坐落在半山腰,还能欣赏到药水洞的美丽风光。你根本无法相信在这个城市里还有这样一个地方……

打开和关闭的住宅

房主想和儿子一家住得近一些,于是买下了这块地。尽管隐私性是重要的设计考虑因素,但是两座住宅还是需要彼此开放。土地应该比常见的私人住宅要大,但是得采用遮挡视线的建造方式。为此,每座住宅的平面都呈直角的C型,类似于韩语字母的ㄷ,两座住宅彼此斜对面,同时还拥有自己的庭院。从庭院里,每座住宅都能看到对方,但又为自身营造了一座独立而舒适的花园。从外部看不到里面,但是自然光线和风光却能经由这个庭院被带入室内。当我们观察住宅的剖面时,会发现它的设计能让人从室内看到城墙的风景。卧室一侧距离城墙更近,这里与起居室相比,装饰要少一些,而起居室装饰更多,与石墙的差距更大一些。每扇窗的位置也是经过精心设计的,所以从首尔石墙的人行小道那边看不到室内。

砖石住宅

在考虑住宅建筑材料的选择时,我看了电影导演郑在恩执导的短片《Hakim & Barchin》。这部电影是根据乌兹别克斯坦的传说“Alpamysh”在一座中亚城市希瓦拍摄的。这座美丽的城市有许多砖砌建筑。一座城市用当地的天然材料建造而成,很显然是因为在以前大规模地运输非常困难,但是即便在现在看来,这也是一个非常有说服力的主意。如果每座普通建筑都用不同的材料建成,它们是各自独立的,但如果都用同一种材料建成,那么它们的外观就会相互融合、连接,能创造出强有力的联系。

例如,济州岛就以其拥有火山玄武岩城墙为傲。使用相同的材料似乎是创造一组建筑设计的一种方法。因为场地正面对着首尔城墙,所以该住宅的设计理念就受到了城墙的启发,看起来住宅需要用同样的材料堆砌而成。然而,使用与首尔城墙一样的花岗岩石料太直接了,对于这种规模的住宅来说,砌砖貌似是最佳选择。

砌砖整个覆盖了住宅。除了地面之外,屋顶、墙壁、屋檐和女儿墙全都用砌砖搭建而成。这些砌砖是用回收砖块重新制造的,将旧砖的表面切掉,这样就能看起来很新,不过还保留着过去岁月的印记。屋顶也是用同样的材料装饰的,从附近首尔城墙望去非常美丽。我们认为,集体性在建筑设计中也是一个非常重要的元素,同时也用一道围墙为业主提供一些隐私性。我们还认为,在某些地方,应该给市民提供公共场所,但是这并不意味着只有一种方式达成目标。不过对于这个场地,我们认为给屋顶装饰得美观一些不失为一种解决方法。


Architects: Wise Architecture

Location: Sindang, Sindang-dong, Jung-gu, Seoul, South Korea

Area: 454.0 sqm

Photographs: Roh Kyung

Building Scope: 2F

Structure: RC

Site Area: 1,132.6 m2

Coverage Ratio: 40.13%

Total Floor Area: 650.54m2

Floor Area Ratio: 57.44%

From the architect. Sindang-dong was located near Gwanghuimun Gate where dead bodies usually came out from the Hanyang City Wall and a lot of shamans have lived around that neighborhood. It was told that due to these circumstances, the name of this town was originated from 'Sindang' which means 'a Spiritual place' in Korean. The houses that are built right against to each other at a very narrow, steep hill create a shady feeling which still exists in this neighborhood till now.

However, the overall site was totally different. The view of the Seoul City Wall is placed behind the town like a screen from the beginning of the entry road and at the hillside it had nice scenery of Yaksu-dong. Couldn't believe this kind of a place existed in this town....

Opened and Closed House

The landlord bought this land since he wanted to live closely with his son's family within one property. Though privacy was an important element to consider, each house needed to be opened to each other. The property should be greater than a regular private home but should be built in a way so the visibility is blocked. for this reason, each planes with an angular "C" Shape Plan (Korean Letter '§ß') was disposed diagonally to each other while having its own courtyard. From the Courtyard, each house could be seen to each other but creates an individual cozy garden for each. From the outside the interior was not visible but natural sunlight and scenery was brought into the house through this courtyard. When we look into the section of the house, the house was designed so the scenery of the City Wall was visible from the interior. The bedroom which was closer to the City Wall had a lower finish grade compared to the Living room which had a higher finish surface and was further away from the stonewall. Each window location was also carefully placed so the interior could not be seen from the Seoul Stone Wall's pedestrian trails.

Brick House

While considering the materials for the property, I saw Film Director Jeong Jaeeun's short movie 'Hakim & Barchin'. The movie was based on Uzbekistan's tale 'Alpamysh' filmed at one of the Central Asian cities, Khiva. This beautiful city is mostly built with bricks. A City being built with natural local elements is quite obvious when you consider large scale imports was difficult during that era, but even now it is a very convincing approach. When each ordinary buildings are built with different materials, each are just mere individual buildings but when they are built with one material, each building's exterior merges and connects to each other and creates a strong connection/statement.

As an example, Jeju Island has a bold statement of volcanic basalt stone walls. Using same materials seems to be one of the solutions to create a set of architecture. Since the site was facing towards the City Wall, the concept for this house was inspired by the wall and it seemed the house needed to be constructed with some materials that can be stacked. However, using the same granite material as the Seoul City Wall was too direct and brick seemed to be the best solution at this scale of a house.

The brick entirely covered up the house. Except for the flooring, the roof, wall, eaves and parapet was all built with bricks. These bricks were re-fabricated with recycled bricks by cutting the face of the old bricks and though it looked pretty new, it still contained the signs of the past years. Also, the roof was finished with the same material so it was aesthetically beautiful when viewed from the adjacent wall Seoul City Wall trails. We believe communality is an important element in architecture as well while also providing some privacy to the landlord with a perimeter wall. We also believe publicity should be provided to the citizens at some areas but this doesn't mean there is only one way to do so. However for this site, we thought aesthetically treating the roof was one of the solutions.