美国,底特律,威尼斯建筑双年展美国馆展现“建筑幻想” / 22名建筑师

在2016年威尼斯建筑双年展中,美国代表团向公众呈现了一个名为“建筑幻想”的亭子,策展人为辛西娅•戴维森和莫妮卡•庞塞•德•莱昂。这次展览展示了对密歇根州底特律的四个建筑基地的探索,作为探索结果展示的12个项目由22名美国建筑师设计,他们对这些建筑基地进行了重新构想,并通过各种各样的建筑模型、图纸、拼贴画和影像资料图文并茂地展示给公众。

这次展览同时还包括20张底特律风景明信片,这些照片是从策展人2015年秋天策划的明信片摄影大赛“我的底特律”中特别挑选出来的。这些纪念明信片中的很多特写照片都出自底特律摄影师之手,每张照片都讲述了这座城市的一则小故事。

主办方选中了一个闲置空地,并划分为四个建筑基地,召集建筑师在这里设计具有前瞻性思维的、有建设性的建筑方案。最终,策展人从250份上交提案中挑选了12支设计团队。每个场地分派了三支团队,建筑师首先与社区领导者和市民会面,共同探讨每个街区的愿望,然后才开始项目设计。

底特律市以其创新、创意产业闻名于世,其中包含汽车、悬跨工厂地板和汽车城音乐。目前,这座城市人口急剧减少,居民区变得荒无人烟,人去楼空的建筑物比比皆是,种族分歧问题依然严峻。不过,在解决这些难题的同时,底特律还是有潜力成为其他面临相似的实际挑战的后工业化城市的榜样的:重新利用空置的工业建筑、减缓全球化人口迁移对城市的影响,并且改造以前的工业滨水区和休眠状态的基础设施。

12支设计团队/建筑事务所:

A(N) Office,底特律 (Marcelo López-Dinardi, V. Mitch Mcewen)

Bairballiet,芝加哥和俄亥俄州的哥伦布 (Kristy Balliet, Kelly Bair)

Greg Lynn Form,洛杉矶 (Greg Lynn)

Mack Scogin Merrill Elam Architects,亚特兰大 (Mack Scogin, Merrill Elam)

Marshall Brown Projects,芝加哥 (Marshall Brown)

Mos,纽约 (Hilary Sample, Michael Meredith)

Pita & Bloom,洛杉矶 (Florencia Pita, Jackilin Hah Bloom)

Present Future,休斯敦 (Albert Pope, Jesús Vassallo)

Preston Scott Cohen Inc.,马萨诸塞州的坎布里奇 (Preston Scott Cohen)

Saa/Stan Allen Architect,纽约 (Stan Allen)

T+E+A+M, 密歇根州的安阿伯市 (Thom Moran, Ellie Abrons, Adam Fure, Meredith Miller)

Zago Architecture,洛杉矶 (Andrew Zago, Laura Bouwman)


for this year’s exhibition at the venice architecture biennale, the united states presents a pavilion ‘the architectural imagination’ curated by cynthia davidson and mónica ponce de león. the exhibition showcases the exploration of four sites in detroit, michigan and the result sees 12 projects on display by 22 american architects who have re-imagined the plots illustrated through diverse architectural models, drawings, collages, and videos.  at the same time the exhibit also includes 20 postcard views of detroit, which

have been specially chosen from ‘my detroit’, a postcard photo contest that

the curators held last autumn. the souvenir postcards, many featuring images

by detroit photographers, each tell a short story about the city.a vacant land divided into four sites were selected as the plots for the architects to bring together a forward-thinking and positive proposal. in the end, the curators chose 12 teams from 250 responses. three teams were assigned to each site where the architects met with community leaders and citizens to discuss each neighborhood’s aspirations before beginning their projects.the city of detroit is renowned for its innovation and inventive industries

that included automotives, the free-span factory floor, and motown music.

presently, the city is coping  with dramatic population loss, desolate

neighborhoods, abandoned buildings, and sharp racial divides. in addressing

these problems, detroit has the potential to become a model for other

postindustrial cities facing similar practical challenges: repurposing  empty

industrial  buildings, mitigating the effects of global migration on the city,

and reinventing previously  industrial waterfronts and dormant infrastructure.the 12 teams/architectural practices:  a(n)  office, detroit  (marcelo  lópez-dinardi,  v.  mitch  mcewen)

bairballiet,  chicago  and  columbus,  oh  (kristy  balliet,  kelly bair)

greg lynn form, los angeles (greg lynn)

mack  scogin merrill elam architects, atlanta  (mack  scogin,  merrill  elam)

marshall brown projects, chicago  (marshall brown)

MOS,  new  york  (hilary  sample,  michael  meredith)

pita & bloom,  los angeles  (florencia  pita,  jackilin  hah  bloom)

present future,  houston  (albert  pope,  jesús  vassallo)

preston scott cohen inc.,  cambridge,  ma  (preston  scott  cohen)

saa/stan allen architect,  new york (stan allen)

t+e+a+m, ann arbor, mi  (thom  moran, ellie abrons, adam  fure, meredith

miller)

zago architecture,  los  angeles  (andrew  zago, laura bouwman)the new zocalo, 2016

axonometric drawing showing band shell, theater, and cultural center, part of

a new neighborhood hub

image courtesy pita & bloomrevolving detroit, 2016

longitudinal section of post office, undulating roof, and entwined ramp and

staircase

image courtesy of preston scott cohen inc.