智利,佩尔伦,圣地亚哥,巴哈伊教神庙 / hariri pontarini

作为回应,建筑师hariri pontarini利用不同特性的光线来引导设计过程。建筑师们说:“设计灵感来自于种种不同的源泉。阳光透过树冠投下的斑驳影子,日本竹篮互相交织的绳索,破碎的玻璃碎片,这些构成了一种神奇的魔力。”这个方案通过手绘草图、物理模型和数字技术得到了广泛的发展。在上面的TED视频中,hariri pontarini 建筑师事务所的创始合伙人之一,siamak hariri对设计过程进行了更详细的解释。

经过对适当的覆层技术的深入研究之后,最终两种特殊的材料被选用:一种是来自葡萄牙的estremoz采石场的半透明大理石作为内层材料,另一种是外部的铸玻璃板。总共有1129个独立的平面和弯曲的铸型玻璃碎片,被开发、生产和组装起来,用以创造出建筑的九个完全相同的“翅膀”的每一个。数百个独立设计的钢铁构件和节点连接构件构成了这座寺庙的超级结构。

在白天,由于材料的使用,这座寺庙反映了该地区的气候和季节性色彩。到了晚上,这种结构使内部产生的柔和的光线投射到周围的山脉上。

全世界的八座巴哈伊教寺庙不仅作为礼拜的中心,而且力图作为技术和建筑的杰出表现。“这座寺庙不仅仅是一个复杂的设计、创新和建筑的故事。”建筑师hariri pontarini说。“这是一个社区愿望的体现,为将来后代创造了一个沉思、调解和祈祷的场所。”请参见designboom之前对该项目的报道。

项目信息:

标题:南美的巴哈伊教神庙

客户:智利巴哈伊教的国民精神宗教裁决委员会

地理位置:植物园,11000,佩尔伦,圣地亚哥,智利

概念设计:2003 - 2004

方案设计:2004

设计开发:2005 - 2006

施工文件:2007 - 2009

网站开发:2011 - 2012

建设:2012 - 2016

项目完成:2016年10月

项目团队

建筑师:hariri pontarini建筑师事务所

项目合伙人:siamak hariri

项目经理:doron meinhard

项目建筑师:justin huang ford

项目团队:michael boxer, george simionopoulos, tiago masrour, tahirih viveros, jin-yi mcmillen, jaegap chung, adriana balen, mehrdad tavakkolian, donald peters, jimmy farrington, john cook

项目管理:desarrolllo y construccion del templo bahá’í de sudamerica ltda.

上层结构和围护结构:gartner steel 和 glass GmbH

玻璃铸件:jeff goodman工作室和CGD玻璃制造

石材工艺:EDM

咨询顾问:

当地建筑师:benkal y larrain arquitectos

景观设计师:juan grimm

结构咨询师:simpson gumpertz & heger, halcrow yolles, EXP, patricio bertholet m.

覆面顾问:simpson gumpertz & heger

机械,电气,管道,暖通空调顾问:MMM 集团, videla & as合作社, the OPS集团

照明顾问:isometrix,limari照明设计ltda

声学:veronica wulf

建筑指标

场地面积:9.287公顷。

建筑占地面积:794平方米

总建筑面积:2438平方米

层数:2层 +夹层


siamak hariri: how do you build a sacred space?

video courtesy of TEDin response, hariri pontarini architects used different qualities of light to guide the design process. _‘inspiration was drawn from a myriad of sources,’_ say the architects. _‘the magic of dappled sunshine beneath a canopy of trees, the interwoven strands of japanese bamboo baskets, and the fragmentation of shattered glass.’_ the scheme was extensively developed through hand sketches, physical models, and digital technology. siamak hariri, founding partner of hariri pontarini architects, explains the design process in more detail in the new TED video above.after a thorough research of appropriate cladding techniques, two specific materials were eventually chosen: translucent marble from the portuguese estremoz quarries for the interior layer, and cast-glass panels for the exterior. in total, 1,129 unique pieces of both flat and curved cast-glass pieces were developed, produced, and assembled to create each of the building’s nine identical ‘wings’. hundreds of individually engineered steel members and nodal connections make up the temple’s super structure.during the day — as a result of the materials used — the temple reflects the region’s climate and seasonal coloration. by night, the structure allows light generated from within to cast a soft glow against the surrounding mountains.the eight bahá’í temples around the world not only serve as centers of worship, but also seek to stand as expressions of technological and architectural excellence. _‘the temple is more than just a story of complex design, innovation, and construction,’_ says hariri pontarini architects. _‘it is the embodiment of a community’s aspirations to create a place for contemplation, mediation, and prayer for future generations.’ _see designboom’s previous coverage of the project here.project info:title: bahá’í temple of south america

client: the national spiritual assembly of the bahá’ís of chile

location: arboretum sur 11,000, peñalolen, santiago, chile

concept design: 2003-2004

schematic design: 2004

design development: 2005-2006

construction documents: 2007-2009

site development: 2011-2012

construction: 2012 – 2016

project completion: october 2016project team

architect: hariri pontarini architects

partner-in-charge: siamak hariri

project manager: doron meinhard

project architect: justin huang ford

project team: michael boxer, george simionopoulos, tiago masrour, tahirih viveros, jin-yi mcmillen, jaegap chung, adriana balen, mehrdad tavakkolian, donald peters, jimmy farrington, john cookproject management: desarrolllo y construccion del templo bahá’í de sudamerica ltda.

superstructure and cladding: gartner steel and glass GmbH

glass casting: jeff goodman studio and CGD glass

stone fabrication: EDMsubconsultants

local architect: benkal y larrain arquitectos

landscape architect: juan grimm

structural consultants: simpson gumpertz & heger, halcrow yolles, EXP, patricio bertholet m.

cladding consultants: simpson gumpertz & heger

mechanical, electrical, plumbing, HVAC consultants: MMM group, videla & asociados, the OPS group

lighting consultant: isometrix, limari lighting design ltda

acoustics: verónica wulfbuilding data

site area: 9.287 ha.

building footprint: 794 sqm

gross floor area: 2438 sqm

number of floors: 2+mezzanine