丹麦,文化馆2017 / BIG

BIG的创始合伙人bjarke ingels解释说:“TIRPITZ的建筑是二战期间碉堡的对立面。这个沉重而密闭的物体被新博物馆的吸引人的轻盈感和开放性所抵消了。这些画廊被融入进沙丘,就像沙漠中的一块开阔的绿洲,与纳粹堡垒的混凝土巨石形成了鲜明的对比。周围的石南小路从四面向下切割了这个沙丘,降落汇集到一个中心空地上,把光照和空气带入到这个建筑群的中心。这座碉堡仍然是那个距今不那么遥远的黑暗时代的唯一一个地标,根据仔细的检验,它标志着一个新的文化集会场所的入口。

TIRPITZ是由四种主要材料建成的:混凝土、钢铁、玻璃和木材,这些材料来自于该地区现存的建筑和景观。一个中央庭院引导人们进入四个地下画廊空间,在那里6米高的玻璃嵌板在场馆内吸引了大量的日光——尽管它们实际上被嵌刻在沙子里。展厅的墙壁是由混凝土现浇而成,支撑着建筑的巨大屋顶平台,其中最大的一层约为1090吨,悬臂为36米。在室内,分散在画廊的主要材料是木材和热轧的钢材,这些材料都被应用于所有的内墙上。

该项目的政府特派员、varde博物馆的负责人詹森(claus kjeld jensen)说:“新的TIRPITZ是作为通往丹麦西海岸的隐藏故事宝库的入口。我们的目标是创造一种谦逊的、世界级的景点,让来到这里的游客能够以一种令人惊喜的视角来欣赏这里雄伟的景观。我们的顾客应该得到最好的;这里拥有BIG无限的、充满魅力的建筑,以及修补匠幻想工程师的奇妙而有趣的展览品,我觉得我们已经实现了这个目标。TIRPITZ是一次难以置信的、独一无二的体验——暴力的、惊心动魄的、戏剧性的、隐藏的——几乎是看不见的。”

这些展览品是由荷兰代理修补匠幻想工程师设计的,展示着永久性和临时性的展出。每个画廊都有自己的美学和主题:“混凝土军队”在希特勒的“大西洋墙”项目的阴影下讲述人类的故事;“西海岸的黄金”是一个关于琥珀的综合展览,是在一个迷人的琥珀森林中呈现出来的;“西海岸的故事”描绘了10万年前的海岸历史,并被改造成了一个夜间4D剧院。

这座有着2,800平方米建筑规模的“隐形博物馆”预计将每年吸引大约10万名游客。

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项目名称:tirpitz

年份:2017

类型:委托

客户:vardemuseerne

项目类型:文化

状态:完成

面积(平方米):2800

合作伙伴:akt, lüchinger+meyer, tinker imagineers, kloosterboer decor, big ideas, fuldendt, cowi, svend ole hansen, gade & mortensen akustik, bach landskab, ingeniørgruppen syd, kjæhr & trillingsgaard, pelcon

地点:丹麦,blåvand


_‘the architecture of the TIRPITZ is the antithesis to the WWII bunker,’ bjarke ingels, BIG’s founding partner, explains_. ‘_the heavy hermetic object is countered by the inviting lightness and openness of the new museum. the galleries are integrated into the dunes like an open oasis in the sand – a sharp contrast to the nazi fortress’ concrete monolith. the surrounding heath-lined pathways cut into the dunes from all sides descending to meet in a central clearing, bringing daylight and air into the heart of the complex. the bunker remains the only landmark of a not so distant dark heritage that upon close inspection marks the entrance to a new cultural meeting place.’_

TIRPITZ is made from four main materials — concrete, steel, glass and wood — which draw from the existing structures and landscape of the area. a central courtyard allows access into the four underground gallery spaces, where 6 meter tall glass panels draw an abundance of daylight inside the venues — even though they are literally carved into the sand. the walls of the exhibition rooms are made from concrete cast on-site, and support the structures’s sprawling roof decks, the largest of which weighs about 1,090 tons and cantilevers 36 meters outwards. inside, the main materials distributed throughout the galleries are wood and hot rolled steel, which is applied to all the interior walls.

_‘the new TIRPITZ is planned, built and furnished as a portal to the danish west coast’s treasure trove of hidden stories,’_ said claus kjeld jensen, director of varde museum, commissioners of the project. _‘it has been our goal to create a humble, world-class attraction surprising its visitors with new perspectives on the majestic landscape. our guests deserve the best; with BIG’s limitless and inviting architecture and with tinker imagineers’ wondrous and playful exhibitions, I feel we have achieved this. TIRPITZ is an incredible, one-of-a-kind experience – violent, astonishing, dramatic, hidden – almost invisible.’_

the exhibitions have been designed by dutch agency tinker imagineers, and display both permanent and temporary shows. every gallery has its own aesthetic and theme: ‘army of concrete’ tells the human stories in the shadow of hitler’s ‘atlantic wall’ project; ‘gold of the west coast’ is a comprehensive exhibition of amber, presented in an enchanting amber forest; and ‘west coast stories’ depicts 100,000 years of the coast’s history and is turned into a nighttime 4D theatre.

the construction of the 2,800 square meter ‘invisible museum’ expected to attract around 100,000 visitors annually.

image by mike bink

project info:

name: tirpitz

year: 2017

type: commission

client: vardemuseerne

program: culture

status: completed

size in square meters: 2800

collaborators: akt, lüchinger+meyer, tinker imagineers, kloosterboer decor, big ideas, fuldendt, cowi, svend ole hansen, gade & mortensen akustik, bach landskab, ingeniørgruppen syd, kjæhr & trillingsgaard, pelcon

location: blåvand, denmark