法国,阿布扎比卢浮宫 / 让·努维尔

经过十多年的规划,阿布扎比卢浮宫宣布将于2017年11月11日正式对外。这个由法国建筑师让·努维尔设计,备受期待的项目被设想为“博物馆之城”,由55个独立的建筑构成,包括23个画廊。参考传统的阿联酋建筑,这个设计是一系列简单的白色建筑,模仿了这个地区常见的低洼地区的民居。

恰逢阿布扎比卢浮宫日前发布公告,发布了让·努维尔设计的博物馆的新形象。这个宏伟方案的核心是一个巨大的圆顶——直径180米,似乎漂浮在整个博物馆的上空。这个复杂的几何结构包含7850个“星形”,它们在八个不同的层次中以不同的尺寸和角度重复着。当炽热的太阳经过上方时,光线透过穿孔来产生一种称为“光之雨”的效果。

穹顶用4个永久的混凝土墩子支撑着,每个桥墩相距110米。从地面到覆盖层底面的室内设计标高为29米,而穹顶的最高点海拔高度有40米,高于地面36米。在晚上,屋顶形成成千上万颗星星,从内从外都可以看到。游客可以通过坐车或乘船到达此处,并通过游览狭窄的街道和独立的建筑物来探索博物馆。

这个圆顶还有许多环境用途。更重要的是,它可以充当遮阳篷,保护室外广场和建筑物下方的免受炎热太阳的影响。反过来,这也为游客提供了舒适的体验,让他们在画廊、展览馆、儿童博物馆、礼堂和餐厅之间徜徉。遮阳也降低了每栋建筑物的能耗。艺术家Giuseppe Penone和Jenny Holzer将博物馆将在开幕前创作特定场地的艺术品。

博物馆建筑群位于萨迪亚特岛,该地区也希望举办一个弗兰克·盖里设计的古根海姆博物馆和Foster + Partners设计的扎耶德国家博物馆。阿布扎比卢浮宫将于2017年11月11日

向公众开放,请关注设计邦以前在这里报道的项目。


after more than a decade of planning, the louvre abu dhabi has announced that it will finally open to the public on november 11, 2017. designed by french architect jean nouvel, the much-anticipated project has been conceived as a ‘museum city’, comprising 55 individual buildings, including 23 galleries. referencing traditional emirati architecture, the design appears as a series of simple white structures that mimic the low-lying settlements common to the region.

a guide to the new louvre abu dhabi

coinciding with the announcement, the louvre abu dhabi has released new images of the jean nouvel-designed museum building. the centerpiece of the ambitious scheme is a huge dome — 180 meters in diameter — that appears to float above the entire museum. this complex geometric structure comprises 7,850 ‘stars’, repeated at various sizes and angles in eight different layers. as the hot sun passes above, light filters through the perforations to create an effect referred to as the ‘rain of light’.

the dome is supported by four permanent, yet invisible, piers, each 110 meters apart. the interior elevation is 29 meters from the ground floor to the underside of the cladding, while the highest point of the dome is 40 metres above sea level and 36 metres above ground floor level. at night, the canopy forms thousands of stars, which remain visible from both inside and out. visitors, who can arrive either by land or sea, are able to explore the museum through navigating its narrow streets and detached buildings.

the dome also serves a number of environmental purposes. importantly, it serves as a shading canopy that protects the outdoor plaza and the buildings below from the heat of the sun. in turn, this ensures a comfortable experience for visitors, allowing them to wander between the galleries, exhibitions, children’s museum, auditorium, and restaurant. the shade also reduces the energy consumption of each of the covered buildings. artists giuseppe penone and jenny holzer will create site-specific artworks for the museum ahead of its opening.

the museum complex is located on saadiyat island, a district that also hopes to host a frank gehry-designed guggenheim museum and the zayed national museum, designed by foster + partners. the louvre abu dhabi will open to the public on november 11, 2017. see designboom’s previous coverage of the project here.