加拿大,多伦多,交错的塔楼 / 3XN

总部位于哥本哈根的3XN公司公布了它的第一个北美高层建筑,这是一个为多伦多教堂和韦尔斯利区规划的43层楼。该项目是在与邻近地区的密切磋商中发展起来的,并在三个月的时间内,参加了三次社区参与会议。3XN的创始人兼创意总监金·赫福斯·尼尔森(kim herforth nielsen)解释说,“我们在设计过程中采取了一个激进的方法,通过社区参与的机会,”事实上,这是在我们的团队开始构思想法之前。邀请公众参与设计的过程被证明是一项强大的资源,并为我们原本无法实现的项目做出了重大贡献。”

2017年1月,第一轮磋商反映出周边地区的顾虑和野心,这同时也是6个不同设计原则的基础。在圆桌会议之后,3XN提出了7个发展平台的概念设计,并于2月进行了第二次磋商。在3月23日的第三次会议上,展示了两种关于平台概念的改进方案,并结合了7个最初设计的有利因素,以及提议的塔楼的计划。

由加拿大地产开发商提供财力支持,该塔楼计划建造于教堂和韦尔斯利学院之间的交叉口西北角,作为多伦多的LGBTQ社区的心脏为人们所熟知。“该角落有潜力成为村庄的核心,社区需要一些外向性的东西,” 曾主持了三次社区参与会议的多伦多市建筑与城市设计前主管 ken greenberg说。

在塔楼的开发中,3XN试图自下而上设计,因此,平台是邻里之间的一个中心公共空间。在该建筑的基地上,一个两层高的广场面向十字路口,用于非正式集会以及多伦多一年一度的庆典等大型活动。楼层是用一个大楼梯连接起来的,兼作座位区。而上层的“人行站桥”是作为观看街道的有利位置。此外,伸缩玻璃可以根据天气情况打开或关闭广场。

设想作为一个“垂直村庄”,153米高的塔楼(495英尺)被分成四个独立的块。“该建筑有两个特性,一个是教堂街,这是底层零售。另一个是韦尔斯利街,一座更传统的高层建筑,反映了多伦多市中心的城市发展。”设计团队解释说。从教堂街后退,在第八层、第十三层和第十九层创建独特的体块,从而在塔基和塔元之间创建一个过渡,将大部分的体量转移到场地发展的中心。

该塔楼共包含430个出租单元,其室内空间舒适,毗邻一个可以俯瞰附近风景的环绕阳台。场地设施包括一个带厨房和餐厅的空间休息室、影院室、桑拿、健身、瑜伽区。预计将于2019开工,竣工日期定为2021。

项目概况:

名称:教堂+韦尔斯利

位置:加拿大,多伦多

类型:住宅、零售、社区空间

规模:41,000 sqm (410,000 sqf) /430个单元

高度:153米(495英尺)/43层

施工日期:2019

竣工日期:2021

建筑师:3XN

设计团队:kim herforth nielsen, jens holm, laura wagner, ryan newman, peter stilling, matthias altwicker

业主:one properties

当地建筑师:graziani & corazza architects inc

景观设计师:ferris + associates

规划顾问:bousfields inc.

结构工程师:RJC 工程师

机械工程师:MCW 顾问股份有限公司

土木工程师:WSP

岩土工程师:EXP services

交通工程师:BA咨询集团有限公司

垂直运输:KJA顾问股份有限公司

风:RWDI

声学和振动:HGC工程

能量模型:EQ建筑性能

围护结构:BVDA工程有限公司


copenhagen-based firm 3XN has unveiled its first north american high-rise, a 43 storey-tower planned for toronto’s church and wellesley district. the project was developed in close consultation with the neighborhood and involved three community engagement sessions over the course of three months. _‘we took a radical approach to the design process by engaging the community in at the earliest opportunity,’_ explains kim herforth nielsen, founder and creative director at 3XN. _‘in fact, this was before our team had even started to sketch ideas. inviting the public into the design process proved to be a powerful resource and have made significant contributions to the project we couldn’t otherwise have achieved.’_

in january 2017, the first round of consultation reflected the neighborhood’s concerns and ambitions, which were used as the basis for six different design principles. following the roundtable discussion, 3XN came up with seven conceptual designs for the development’s podium, which were brought to the second consultation in february. at the third meeting on march 23, two refined options for the podium concepts were revealed, presenting a combination of favored elements from the seven initial designs, along with a proposed plan for the tower.

backed by canadian developer one properties, the tower is planned for the northwest corner of the intersection between church and wellesley, or what is known to many as the heart of toronto’s LGBTQ community._ ‘the corner has the potential to become the heart of the village. the community wants something extroverted,’_ says ken greenberg, former director of urban design and architecture for the city of toronto, who moderated the three community engagement meetings.

in developing the tower, 3XN sought to design from the bottom up. consequently, the podium serves as a central public space within the neighborhood. at the building’s base, a two-storey plaza is oriented towards the intersection — used for informal gatherings as well as marquee events such as toronto’s annual pride celebration. the floors are connected by a grand staircase that doubles as a seating area, while the upper level ‘cat walk’ is intended as a vantage point for watching the street. additionally, retractable glass can open or close off the plaza depending on the weather.

conceived as a ‘vertical village’, the 153 meter-tall tower (495 feet) is divided into four separate masses. _‘the building has two identities, one for church street, which is low-rise and retail; and one for wellesley street — a more conventional tall building reflecting the urban development of downtown toronto,’_ explains the design team. _‘stepbacks above the 8th, 13th, and 19th floors create distinct volumes that create a transition between the base volume and the tower element while shifting much of the massing towards the center of the development site.’_

containing a total of 430 rental units, the tower’s residences are served by an indoor amenity space that adjoins a wraparound terrace with views overlooking the neighborhood. on site amenities include a lounge with kitchen and dining space, a theater room, saunas, and fitness and yoga areas. construction is expected to begin in 2019, with a completion date scheduled for 2021.

project info:

name: church + wellesley

location: toronto, canada

typology: residential, retail, community space

size: 41,000 sqm (410,000 sqf) /430 units

height: 153 m (495 ft) / 43 stories

construction start: 2019

expected completion: 2021

architect: 3XN

team: kim herforth nielsen, jens holm, laura wagner, ryan newman, peter stilling, matthias altwicker

client: one properties

local architect: graziani & corazza architects inc.

landscape architect: ferris + associates

planning consultant: bousfields inc.

structural engineer: RJC engineers

mechanical engineer: MCW consultants ltd.

civil engineer: WSP

geotechnical engineer: EXP services

transportation engineer: BA consulting group ltd.

vertical transportation: KJA consultants inc.

wind: RWDI

acoustics/vibration: HGC engineering

energy model: EQ building performance

building envelope: BVDA engineering inc.