沙特阿拉伯,利雅得,阿卜杜拉国王石油研发中心 / 扎哈·哈迪德事务所

在沙特阿拉伯的首都利雅得,阿卜杜拉国王石油研发中心向公众开放了广阔的70000平方米的校园。该项目由扎哈···哈迪德设计,在2014年首次亮相。作为一种模块化结构 ,该建筑像活态的邮寄细胞一样生长和繁殖。其结果是从沙漠景观中出现了一系列看起来像水晶般的结构。六角棱柱形的蜂窝结构连接着五个建筑物——能源知识中心的、能源计算机中心、设有展览厅和300个座位的会议中心、研究图书馆以及一个穆斯林祷告堂。

作为晶格单元的压缩结构,该项目的设计反映了研究所的前瞻性哲学。该建筑扎哈·哈迪德事务所设计,随着场地建筑面积的扩大,模块化的结构确保了组织、空间和结构策略的一致性。此外,其白色结晶状的外形有助于缓解利雅得高原强烈的阳光和高温天气。

有效的利用能源为全球提供了社会福利。该中心制定出的政策和经济框架能够降低和减少因能源消耗而影响到环境和总体成本,并基于技术的解决方案而更有效地利用能源。该中心还与国际研究中心,公共政策组织,全球政府机构和全球行业共同合作,汇集了来自世界各地的顶尖专家,以应对能源挑战;并能够自由分享知识、见解和分析框架。

这些建筑围绕着一个巨大的公共庭院展开,庭院由一个精心制作的钢柱支撑着。“KAPSARC园区内的五座建筑不论大小和组织结构都互不相同,但都有其最佳用途。”建筑师解释说。“每个建筑都可以根据组件进行划分,并且可以根据需求或工作方法的变化进行调整。另外,通过扩展KAPSARC的蜂窝晶格系统,可以很容易地引入额外的单元,从而可以进一步的扩

展。”

该园区保护自己不受该地区强烈的南部太阳的影响,但对北部和西部仍然开放。这种布局不仅鼓励盛行的风来冷却庭院,而且还为将来该地区北部的扩展提供了潜力。此外,每个庭院南面的屋顶上面都融合了“捕风手”,它能够捕捉到来自北方的冷风,从而可以降低庭院内的的温度。同时,地下通道连接着主要建筑物,供一年中最热的时候使用。

KAPSARC项目已经获得了美国绿色建筑委员会(USGBC)的LEED白金认证,而它的主动和被动的解决方案包括:位于南面的会议中心屋顶作为太阳能光伏列,可产生5000MWh /年的能量。所有的KAPSARC的饮用水都是回收再利用的,并且100%的灌溉用水来自于非饮用水源。该项目的建筑材料40%来自500英里内,30%的材料是用可回收的材料制成的。

在室内,每个建筑内部都有特定六角形的单元,这些建筑都是开放的,以创造一系列有遮蔽的日光庭院。通过策略性地设置地板并且提供公共区域的楼层之间的视野。KAPSARC的建筑旨在提高透明度,鼓励研发人员和访客之间的积极交流。作为创新与集体研究的平台,KAPSARC的会议中心最近举办了第一次主要公共会议,2017年有超过20000名游客参加了沙特设计周。

项目概况:

建筑师:扎哈·哈迪德建筑师事务所

建筑设计:扎哈·哈迪德、patrik schumacher

ZHA项目总监:lars teichmann, charles walker

ZHA设计总监:daewha kang

ZHA项目团队:john simpson (现场助理), alejandro diaz, Aanas younes, annarita papeschi, aritz moriones, ayca vural cutts, carlos parraga-botero, javier rueda, malgorzata kowalczyk, michal wojtkiewicz, monika bilska, sara criscenti, stella dourtme

ZHA项目领导人:fabian hecker (研究中心), michael powers (会议中心), brian dale / henning hansen (图书馆), fulvio wirz (Musalla /信息中心), elizabeth bishop (立面/二维文件), saleem a. jalil / maria rodero (总体规划), lisamarie ambia/judith wahle (室内), bozana komljenovic (二维文件), john randle (计划书), john szlachta (3D文件协调员)

ZHA项目研究小组:adrian krezlik, alexander palacio, amdad chowdhury, amit gupta, andres arias madrid, britta knobel, camiel weijenberg, carine posner, claire cahill, claudia glas-dorner, dachun lin, daniel fiser, daniel toumine, david doody, david seeland, deniz manisali, elizabeth keenan, evan erlebacher, fernanda mugnaini, garin o’aivazian, giorgio radojkovic, inês fontoura, jaimie-lee haggerty, jeremy tymms, julian jones, jwalant mahadevwala, lauren barclay, lauren mishkind, mariagrazia lanza, melike altinisik, michael grau, michael mcnamara, mimi halova, mohammadali mirzaei, mohammed reshdan, muriel boselli, myungho lee, nahed jawad, natacha viveiros, navvab taylor, neil vyas, nicola mcconnell, pedro sanchez, prashanth sridharan, roxana rakhshani, saahil parikh, sara saleh, seda zirek, shaju nanukuttan, shaun farrell, sophie davison, sophie le bienvenu, stefan brabetz, steve rea, suryansh chandra, talenia phua gajardo, theodor wender, yu du

ZHA竞赛设计团队:lisamarie ambia, monika bilska, martin krcha, maren klasing, kelly lee, johannes schafelner, judith schafelner, ebru simsek, judith wahle, hee seung lee, clara martins, anat stern daniel fiser; thomas sonder, kristina simkeviciute, talenia phua gajardo, erhan patat, dawna houchin, jwalant mahadevwala

顾问——

土木工程:arup

室内设计:GROSS.MAX

景观设计:OVI

餐饮与厨房设计:东方码头和GWP

展览设计:event

艺术品:国际艺术顾问

品牌标志:elmwood and bright 3D

图书馆咨询:tribal

成本咨询与设计项目管理:davis Langdon


in the saudi arabian capital of riyadh, KAPSARC (king abdullah petroleum studies and research center) has opened its expansive 70,000 square meter campus to the public. the project — first unveiled in 2014 — was designed by zaha hadid as a modular structure that grows and multiplies like a living, organic cell. the result is a series of seemingly crystalline-like structures that emerge from the desert landscape. hexagonal prismatic honeycomb shapes connect each of the five buildings — the energy knowledge center; the energy computer center, a conference center with exhibition hall and 300-seat auditorium; a research library; and the musalla, a place for prayer.

the project’s design, as a compressed configuration of lattice cells, reflects the institute’s forward-looking philosophy. created by zaha hadid architects, the structure’s modularity ensures consistent organizational, spatial and structural strategies as the site expands with more buildings. furthermore, its white, crystalline-like form contributes to softening the strong sunlight and heat of the riyadh plateau.

KAPSARC is a non-profit institution for independent research into policies that contribute to the most effective use of global energy. it develops policies and economic frameworks that aim to reduce the environmental impact and overall costs of energy supply and enable practical technology-based solutions to use this more efficiently. by collaborating with international research centers, public policy organizations, worldwide government institutions and global industry, the institution brings together leading experts from around the world to tackle energy challenges; freely sharing its knowledge, insights and analytical frameworks.

the buildings are articulated around a large public courtyard, which is shaded by canopies supported from a forest of crafted steel columns. _‘KAPSARC’s five buildings differ in size and organization to best suit their use,’_ explain the architects._ ‘each building is divided into its component functions and can be adapted to respond to changes in requirements or working methods. additional cells can readily be introduced by extending KAPSARC’s honeycomb grid for future expansion of the research campus.’_

the campus shields itself from the region’s intense southern sun, but remains open to the north and west — a configuration that not only encourages prevailing winds to cool the courtyard, but also offers the potential for future expansion to the north of the site. furthermore, ‘wind-catchers’ integrated within the roof profiles on the southern sides of each courtyard catch the prevailing winds from the north, cooling each courtyard. meanwhile, an underground link connects the main buildings for use at the hottest times of the year.

through its passive and active environmental solutions, KAPSARC has been awarded LEED platinum certification from the united states green building council (USGBC). this includes a solar photovoltaic array located on the roof of the south-facing conference center with a capacity of 5,000MWh/year, while all of KAPSARC’s potable water is recycled and reused on site and 100% of irrigation water is from non-potable sources. 40% of the project’s construction materials have been sourced from within 500 miles, and 30% of materials made with recycled content.

internally, specific hexagonal cells strategically located within each building are left open to create a series of sheltered day-lit courtyards. by strategically off-setting floorplates and offering views between floors in public areas, the complex has been designed to promote transparency and encourage an active exchange between researchers and visitors. as a forum of innovation and collective research, KAPSARC’s convention center recently hosted its first major public conference, with more than 20,000 visitors attending saudi design week 2017.

project info:

architect: zaha hadid architects (ZHA)

architectural design: zaha hadid, patrik schumacher

ZHA project director: lars teichmann, charles walker

ZHA design director: daewha kang

ZHA project site team: john simpson (site associate), alejandro diaz, Aanas younes, annarita papeschi, aritz moriones, ayca vural cutts, carlos parraga-botero, javier rueda, malgorzata kowalczyk, michal wojtkiewicz, monika bilska, sara criscenti, stella dourtme

ZHA project leaders: fabian hecker (research center), michael powers (conference center), brian dale / henning hansen (library), fulvio wirz (musalla / IT center), elizabeth bishop (facades/2D documentation), saleem a. jalil / maria rodero (master plan), lisamarie ambia/judith wahle (interiors), bozana komljenovic (2D documentation), john randle (specifications), john szlachta (3D documentation coordinator)

ZHA project team:  adrian krezlik, alexander palacio, amdad chowdhury, amit gupta, andres arias madrid, britta knobel, camiel weijenberg, carine posner, claire cahill, claudia glas-dorner, dachun lin, daniel fiser, daniel toumine, david doody, david seeland, deniz manisali, elizabeth keenan, evan erlebacher, fernanda mugnaini, garin o’aivazian, giorgio radojkovic, inês fontoura, jaimie-lee haggerty, jeremy tymms, julian jones, jwalant mahadevwala, lauren barclay, lauren mishkind, mariagrazia lanza, melike altinisik, michael grau, michael mcnamara, mimi halova, mohammadali mirzaei, mohammed reshdan, muriel boselli, myungho lee, nahed jawad, natacha viveiros, navvab taylor, neil vyas, nicola mcconnell, pedro sanchez, prashanth sridharan, roxana rakhshani, saahil parikh, sara saleh, seda zirek, shaju nanukuttan, shaun farrell, sophie davison, sophie le bienvenu, stefan brabetz, steve rea, suryansh chandra, talenia phua gajardo, theodor wender, yu du

ZHA competition design team:  lisamarie ambia, monika bilska, martin krcha, maren klasing, kelly lee, johannes schafelner, judith schafelner, ebru simsek, judith wahle, hee seung lee, clara martins, anat stern daniel fiser; thomas sonder, kristina simkeviciute, talenia phua gajardo, erhan patat, dawna houchin, jwalant mahadevwala

consultants —

engineering: arup

interior design: woods bagot

landscape design: GROSS.MAX

lighting design: OVI

catering and kitchen design: eastern quay and GWP

exhibition design: event

artwork: international art consultants

branding and signage: elmwood and bright 3D

library consulting: tribal

cost consulting and design project management: davis langdon