预计到2050年，纽约市的海平面将会上升11-30英寸，到2100年将上升50 - 75英寸，而目前大多数的建筑并不是为适应这种不可避免的变化而设计的。DFA对40号码头的愿景，是从长远的角度出发，对未来进行全面的设计。塔周围起伏不平的甲板被取消，这个空间用来设置包括超市、剧院、体育场馆和船屋在内的非住房项目，这些项目直到2050年仍然可以供人们使用。漂浮的景观舱里有额外空间，软床和不同的植物，这些景观舱将包围码头以吸收在大风暴潮期间的波浪能量。
as part of DFA’s proposal for the future of the city of new york, the studio founded by british-born architect laith sayigh has re-envisioned pier 40 as a resilient mixed-use complex of housing, recreation, and commerce which maintains the existing popular soccer field. having done the analysis of the site’s current condition, DFA designed a solution to the floating structure’s future development.
pier 40 is the largest pier structure on the hudson river with a 15-acre footprint and generating approximately 30% of the hudson river park trust’s annual operating budget. despite its vital importance as a parking garage, athletic complex and offices, the pier is deteriorating and need of critical infrastructure repairs which will cost in the hundreds of millions of dollars. a valuable and viable real estate asset, pier 40 should be reimagined as a response to its structural and natural strengths and weaknesses. DFA’s site-specific solution introduces mixed-housing, mixed-recreation, and mixed-commerce designed to flood with the rising current and 21st-century reality of the over-water structure.
following an analysis of the zoning and state of existing piles, DFA identified areas of pier 40 that are fit for supporting clusters of program influenced by the pier’s predominant recreational use and addressing a city-wide need for affordable housing. combining the analysis with design, DFA utilized an algorithm to determine the optimal location for each tower type, determining that each tower must have at least three structurally sound connection points to support the weight/load. the pier’s existing structure is optimized for performance as the foundation for a new community.
new york city’s sea level is expected to rise 11-30 inches by 2050 and between 50 to 75 inches by 2100, with the majority of current buildings not designed to accommodate such inevitable changes. DFA’s vision for pier 40 takes a longer-term view with comprehensive design approach for the future. the undulating landscape deck around the towers is lifted to accommodate non-housing programs including retail, theater, sports complex, and boathouse, which remain active until 2050. floating landscape pods — additional space for human interaction, oyster beds, and diverse plantings — will surround the pier to absorb wave energy during major storm surges.
beyond 2050, as regular flooding begins to engulf the coastline as we know it, the landscape deck transforms into a floating island with new pathways built to connect the evolved wetland ecosystem to manhattan. each of the four-tower typologies providing luxury, affordable and market-rate housing on the northern and southern edges of the pier is comprehensively designed for the year 2100 sea level projections. until 2050, the towers will offer pier-level lobbies and elevators.
in total, nineteen residential towers organized into eleven clusters and offering five types of living across 450 units will provide new yorkers with diverse housing options. ranging in height from 96- to 455-feet, dfa utilizes six-glulam core and superstructure members to minimize their contact with the original pier deck and elevate the units sixty inches above the predicted storm surge levels. between the core and superstructure are radial glulam supports, CFT bracing panels and steel joining plates, with glazing enclosing the apartments ranging from studios to three bedrooms. above the pier-deck lobby is a 360-degree observation deck that looks onto the undulating landscape deck. after 2050, it becomes the building’s entry point via new pathways. all units offer views to the river and city.
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