英国,综合体 / laith sayigh工作室

作为DFA对纽约未来的提议的一部分,由英国的建筑师laith sayigh创建的工作室,已经重新设想了将40号码头作为一个有弹性的混合用途的住宅、娱乐和商业的综合体,它保持了现有的流行足球场。在对该地区的现状进行分析后,DFA设计了一个解决未来发展的浮动结构方案。

40号码头是哈德逊河上最大的码头结构,占地15英亩,约占哈德逊河公园信托年度运营预算的30%。尽管它作为一个停车场、运动场和办公室至关重要,但码头正在老化,需要进行关键的基础设施维修,这将花费数亿美元。作为一个有价值且可行的房地产资产,40号码头应该被重新设计,让它的结构能够符合它的自然优缺点。DFA的具体解决方案引入了住房、休闲和商业混合在一起的模式,以应对当前21世纪日益增长的过度用水的问题。

在对塔的分区和状态进行分析后,DFA确定了40号码头的区域,这些区域适合于主要娱乐用途的项目集群,同时解决了城市对经济适用房的需求。结合分析与设计,DFA利用一种算法来确定每个塔的类型和最佳位置,确定每个塔必须至少有三个结构合理的连接点来支持重量或者负载。该码头的现有结构是为作为一个新社区的基础而优化的。

预计到2050年,纽约市的海平面将会上升11-30英寸,到2100年将上升50 - 75英寸,而目前大多数的建筑并不是为适应这种不可避免的变化而设计的。DFA对40号码头的愿景,是从长远的角度出发,对未来进行全面的设计。塔周围起伏不平的甲板被取消,这个空间用来设置包括超市、剧院、体育场馆和船屋在内的非住房项目,这些项目直到2050年仍然可以供人们使用。漂浮的景观舱里有额外空间,软床和不同的植物,这些景观舱将包围码头以吸收在大风暴潮期间的波浪能量。

在2050年以后,像人们说的那样洪水开始吞噬海岸线,甲板变成了一个漂浮的岛屿,形成了一条连接湿地生态系统到曼哈顿的新路径。在该码头的北部和南部边缘,每一个提供豪华、可负担的市场价格的住宅的四柱式建筑都是为2100年的海平面预测而设计的。到2050年,这些塔将提供更高级的大堂和电梯。

总共有19座住宅楼组成了11个集群,在450个单元中提供5种生活方式,将为纽约人提供多样化的住房选择。dfa的设计高度从96到455英尺不等,利用6层胶合核心和上层建筑构件,尽量减少与原来的码头甲板的接触,并将比预计的风暴潮水平面高出60英寸的单位升高。在核心和上部结构之间是径向胶合支撑,CFT支撑板和钢连接板,公寓从工作室到三间卧室被玻璃包围。在桥面前厅的上方是一个360度的观景台,俯瞰着起伏不平的景观甲板。2050年之后,它成为建筑入口的新途径。所有的房间都可以欣赏河流和城市的景观。


as part of DFA’s proposal for the future of the city of new york, the studio founded by british-born architect laith sayigh has re-envisioned pier 40 as a resilient mixed-use complex of housing, recreation, and commerce which maintains the existing popular soccer field. having done the analysis of the site’s current condition, DFA designed a solution to the floating structure’s future development.

pier 40 is the largest pier structure on the hudson river with a 15-acre footprint and generating approximately 30% of the hudson river park trust’s annual operating budget. despite its vital importance as a parking garage, athletic complex and offices, the pier is deteriorating and need of critical infrastructure repairs which will cost in the hundreds of millions of dollars. a valuable and viable real estate asset, pier 40 should be reimagined as a response to its structural and natural strengths and weaknesses. DFA’s site-specific solution introduces mixed-housing, mixed-recreation, and mixed-commerce designed to flood with the rising current and 21st-century reality of the over-water structure.

following an analysis of the zoning and state of existing piles, DFA identified areas of pier 40 that are fit for supporting clusters of program influenced by the pier’s predominant recreational use and addressing a city-wide need for affordable housing. combining the analysis with design, DFA utilized an algorithm to determine the optimal location for each tower type, determining that each tower must have at least three structurally sound connection points to support the weight/load. the pier’s existing structure is optimized for performance as the foundation for a new community.

new york city’s sea level is expected to rise 11-30 inches by 2050 and between 50 to 75 inches by 2100, with the majority of current buildings not designed to accommodate such inevitable changes. DFA’s vision for pier 40 takes a longer-term view with comprehensive design approach for the future. the undulating landscape deck around the towers is lifted to accommodate non-housing programs including retail, theater, sports complex, and boathouse, which remain active until 2050. floating landscape pods — additional space for human interaction, oyster beds, and diverse plantings — will surround the pier to absorb wave energy during major storm surges.

beyond 2050, as regular flooding begins to engulf the coastline as we know it, the landscape deck transforms into a floating island with new pathways built to connect the evolved wetland ecosystem to manhattan. each of the four-tower typologies providing luxury, affordable and market-rate housing on the northern and southern edges of the pier is comprehensively designed for the year 2100 sea level projections. until 2050, the towers will offer pier-level lobbies and elevators.

in total, nineteen residential towers organized into eleven clusters and offering five types of living across 450 units will provide new yorkers with diverse housing options. ranging in height from 96- to 455-feet, dfa utilizes six-glulam core and superstructure members to minimize their contact with the original pier deck and elevate the units sixty inches above the predicted storm surge levels. between the core and superstructure are radial glulam supports, CFT bracing panels and steel joining plates, with glazing enclosing the apartments ranging from studios to three bedrooms. above the pier-deck lobby is a 360-degree observation deck that looks onto the undulating landscape deck. after 2050, it becomes the building’s entry point via new pathways. all units offer views to the river and city.