中国,广东,珠海市歌剧院 / 北京建筑设计学院BIAD

这是由北京建筑设计学院(BIAD)设计的一种轻便、动态的建筑,坐落在中国广东省珠海岛的岸边。珠海市歌剧院自然地融入海天之中,形态纯净典雅,沿着滨海平面呈两个弧形,总建筑面积达5.9万平方米。

建筑师采用一种诗意的方式,场地的布局参考了夜晚随月亮而退的潮汐,与此同时,BIAD的副总建筑师马龙(ma long)在保持对自然谦逊态度的同时,为这座岛屿建造了一个新的地标。珠海歌剧院的两座建筑分别拥有1550座歌剧院和550座多功能剧院,并与350座室外剧院相连。进入建筑,游客会遇到一个同样充满戏剧性的室内空间,在半透明的立面上,阳光、月光和剧院灯光相互融合,交相辉映。

从一楼门厅升起,圆形的礼堂可以让观众瞥见周围的环境和大海。设计分三层进行:一是三道水平线(阳台、观众席、管弦乐坑的边界线),三道竖向凹进的光线连接,形成空间的自然流动;其次,为了表达礼堂的宏伟,北京建筑学院BIAD采用了轴对称的格局和马蹄形的布局,其中礼堂和阳台逐渐上升,采用最新的三维数字技术进行检查和设计,让所有观众都能有高品质的体验;最后,设计还特别注重性能的声学特性和舞台机械的要求,将所有的声学混响和吸音处理融入到整体效果中。


a lightweight, yet dynamic structure designed by beijing institute of architectural design (BIAD), sits on the shores of zhuhai island, in china‘s guangdong province. blending naturally within the sea and sky with a pure and elegant form, the zhuhai opera house spreads along the coastal plane in the shape of two curved structures, occupying 59,000 sq-meters in total.

in a poetic manner, the layout of the site references the receding tides in the evening accompanied by the moon, with which ma long, deputy chief architect of BIAD, has managed to erect a new landmark for the island while maintaining a humble attitude towards nature. the two structures of the zhuhai opera house feature a 1,550-seat opera house and a 550 seat multi-function theater, and are connected with a 350-seat outdoor theater. entering the structure, visitors encounter an equally dramatic interior, where a play between sunlight, moonlight, and theater lights blend with each other across the translucent facade.

rising from the first floor foyer, the sleek auditorium offers glimpses towards the surroundings and sea. its design is carried out in three layers: first, three horizontal lines (border line of balcony, auditorium, and orchestral pit) and three vertical channels of recessed light connect to form a natural flow in the space; second, in order to express the grandeur of the auditorium, BIAD has adopted an axis-symmetrical pattern and a horseshoe-shaped layout, in which the auditorium and the balcony rise gradually and use the latest three-dimensional digital technology for inspection and design so that all audiences have a high-quality experience; and last, the design also pays special attention to the acoustics of the performance and the requirements of the stage machinery, and integrates all the acoustic reverberations and sound-absorbing treatments into the overall outcome.