威尼斯双年展,中国馆 / 策展人: 李湘宁

在第16届威尼斯双年展上,中国馆展示了中国农村的问题和可能性。这次展览的主题是“建设未来农村”,展示了过去几年在中国农村地区实现的重大项目。

这次展览的动机不仅仅是“乡愁”,“乡愁”是指对家乡土地的思念之情。我们回到中国文化发源地的农村,去找回被遗忘的价值和被忽视的可能性;在那里,我们将建设一个未来的农村。

在中国,农村已经成为这一领域实验的新前沿,中国正在以西方看不到的速度和规模发展农村。受到无限机遇的吸引,建筑师、艺术家、开发商以及资本流动正在全国各地的农村地区汇聚。回归田园生活一直是中国文学传统的一个理想。在现代,生活在农村地区通常涉及许多方面的影响,如政策、资本、基础设施和技术等。

虽然现代化和技术进步使我们在现代生活条件下生活得更好,但在某种程度上也切断了农村生活和传统之间的联系。面对城市化带来的大量生产的农村住房,建筑师试图在传统和现代化之间找到一个中间地带,利用现代技术寻找乡土之间的联系。从黄土高原的大黄平原到长江以南的水乡,从中国东北辽阔富饶的平原到南方绿色美丽的农田,成千上万的村庄成为了工业发展、自我建设和文化创造的场所。这些场所享受着技术创新带来的巨大机遇,包括互联网、物流系统和共享经济等等。

当代中国农村的发展无论是规模还是方式都是前所未有的。更重要的是,这一发展预示着在中国独特条件下找到新的解决方案。《建设未来乡村》通过六集描述了当代中国的乡村:诗意的民居、乡土生产、文化实践、农业旅游、社区重建和未来探索。这个展览描绘了一个充满机会的自由空间,并对未来的发展进行展望。

项目信息:

策展人:李湘宁

总监:中国艺术与娱乐集团(CAEG)

主办单位:中华人民共和国文化旅游部

主持人:中国国际展览局副局长

助理委员: huang xiaogang, liu zhenlin, li rui, yang xin, xie yanyi, li yunyun, zhang ziwei

合作者: zhu di, zheng hao, wang mingxian, zhu wenyi, shi jian, li hu

馆长助理: yao weiwei, mo wanli, gao changjun research

团队: zhang xiaochun, lin lin, deng yuanye

平面设计:倪明清、李吉英

参展商:东渔竿,花梨,刘郧阳,菲利普·f .元,农村城市框架,张磊,工作室archmixing,工作室deshaus,中国新农村规划和设计,东锣,绘制建筑工作室,谢长廷迎春,金江波,李yikao,李xinggang seung h-sang,nishizawa ryue,李宇,office建筑师、临时建筑师、徐田田,张丽,赵阳


on the occasion of the 16th international exhibition la biennale di venezia, the pavilion of china reveals reveal the issues and possibilities of the chinese countryside. titled ‘building a future countryside’, the exhibition features major projects realized during the past several years in rural areas of the country.

_‘the motivation for this exhibition is more than just xiangchou, a chinese term that refers to nostalgia for rural lands. we return to the countryside where chinese culture originated to recover forgotten values and overlooked possibilities; from there, we will build a future countryside,’ _comments li xiangning, the curator of the pavilion of china.

in china, the countryside has become a new frontier for experiments in this area, and the country is developing its countryside at a speed and scale unseen in the west. drawn by the promise of boundless opportunity, architects, artists, developers — as well as capital flow — are converging in rural areas across the nation. the return to pastoral life has long been an ideal of chinese literary tradition. in modern times, living in rural areas typically involves aspects such as policy, capital, infrastructure, and technology.

while modernization and technological progress promise us better lives with modern living conditions, they also, to some extent, sever the link between rural life and tradition. faced with mass-produced rural housing brought on by urbanization, architects attempt to find a middle ground between tradition and modernization, taking advantage of modern technology in search of a vernacular connection. from the great yellow expanse of the loess plateau to the water towns south of the yangtze, from the vast and abundant plains of northeast china to the green and beautiful farmlands of the south, hundreds and thousands of villages have become sites for industrial development, self-building, and cultural creation. these sites enjoy tremendous opportunities offered by technological innovations, including the internet, logistics systems, and sharing economies.

the development of the countryside in contemporary china is unprecedented in both its scale and its approaches. more importantly, this development anticipates a new solution grounded in china’s unique conditions. ‘building a future countryside’ depicts the countryside of contemporary china through six episodes: poetic dwellings, local production, cultural practices, agricultural tourism, community reconstruction, and future exploration. this exhibition outlines a freespace for opportunities and anticipates future development.

project info:

curator: li xiangning

commissioner: china arts and entertainment group (CAEG)

organizer: ministry of culture and tourism of the people’s republic of china

presenter: china international exhibition agency deputy

commissioner: li jinsheng, wang chen

assistant commissioners: huang xiaogang, liu zhenlin, li rui, yang xin, xie yanyi, li yunyun, zhang ziwei

collaborators: zhu di, zheng hao, wang mingxian, zhu wenyi, shi jian, li hu

curator’s assistants: yao weiwei, mo wanli, gao changjun research

team: zhang xiaochun, lin lin, deng yuanye

display design: liu yuyang, zhang ziyue

graphic design: ni minqing, li jixin

exhibitors: dong yugan, hua li, liu yuyang, philip f. yuan, rural urban framework, zhang lei, atelier archmixing, atelier deshaus, chen haoru, china new rural planning and design, dong gong, drawing architecture studio, hsieh ying-chun, jin jiangbo, li yikao, li xinggang, seung h-sang, nishizawa ryue, li zhenyu, lyu pinjing, naturalbuild, o-office architects, temp architects, xu tiantian, zhang li, zhao yang, zhu jingxiang