美国,芝加哥,“现代之翼”博物馆/伦佐.皮阿诺

新的现代翼之间正在建立密歇根大道和哥伦布驱动,在东北角的阻止芝加哥艺术学院目前占用。此外将完成文化,校园的城市博物馆。新街层入口处的门罗街将连接 千年公园的核心,通过现有的博物馆新法院。二层和三层将致力于艺术和陈列艺术品。三楼将完全由自然光照明。街道以下的层面用于机械系统、艺术品存储和用于 支持整个建筑的辅助设备。

建筑师:伦佐.皮阿诺建筑工作室与交互设计公司

地点:美国,芝加哥

设计团队:J. Moolhuijzen (项目负责合伙人) , D.Rat, C.Maxwell-Mahon with A.Belvedere, D.Colas, P.Colonna, O.Foucher, A.Gallissian, S.Giorgio-Marrano, H.Lee, W.Matthews, T.Mikdashi, J.B.Mothes, Y.Pagès, B.Payson, M.Reale, J.Rousseau, A.Stern, A.Vachette, C.von Däniken and K.Doerr, M.Gomes, J.Nakagawa; Y.Kyrkos, C.Colson, O.Aubert (模型)

结构:奥雅纳工程顾问及合伙人(Ove Arup & Partners)

服务:奥雅纳工程顾问及合伙人 + Sebesta Blomberg

土木工程:Patrick Engineering

景观设计:Gustafson Guthrie Nichol有限公司

LEED的顾问:Carter Burgess

项目年代: 2009年

摄影:Nic Leoux

新的“现代之翼”位于密歇根大道和哥伦布路之间,该街区的东北角是芝加哥艺术学院。新的扩建部分将会扩大博物馆的文化和城市交流空间。门罗街的街道边的入口处将通过格里芬广场,把千年公园连接到博物馆。在第一层,daylit广场边上有一系列的教育设施:公共设施、画廊、花园,所有这些将更积极地联系艺术学院与城市生活。

新的现代翼之间正在建立密歇根大道和哥伦布驱动,在东北角的阻止芝加哥艺术学院目前占用。此外将完成文化,校园的城市博物馆。新街层入口处的门罗街将连接千年公园的核心,通过现有的博物馆新法院。二层和三层将致力于艺术和陈列艺术品。三楼将完全由自然光照明。街道以下的层面用于机械系统、艺术品存储和用于支持整个建筑的辅助设备。

在博物馆上面是一个可以过滤阳光的棚架,它使得博物馆内部的光线适于欣赏艺术品。棚架像一块漂浮的飞毯,由一排排铝叶片构成,它的作用类似于公园里的树木。它是一个“轻盈的机器”敏感地漂浮在扩建部分以上,充满活力的过滤着阳光。

建筑有准确的南北向和东西向轴线,使得它符合城市的文脉。建筑对阳光的处理符合太阳的轨迹,它像一个太阳机器。过滤阳光的棚架可获得适宜的阳光,它如同普里茨克馆用于处理外界噪声的建筑手法。

整个博物馆用石灰石建造,(石灰石很早就用于建造宫殿)。它好像直接从地面升起,体型庞大而坚固,好像从很久以前就树立在那里。在石灰石的体型以上,是光、透明、渗透于钢铁和玻璃;一方面是芝加哥建筑伟大的传统:固体和强大;另一方面却是轻型和清晰(现代主义建筑的新传统)。

Nichols桥路像刀片一样从千年公园的中心跨越梦露街,一直通到“现代之翼”的公共平台。尖锐的金属提醒我们注意芝加哥大胆的结构特点。桥路和所有的桥梁一样:它连接两个不同的世界,使得分享经验成为可能,让人们可以欣赏美丽的风景和芝加哥独特的天际线。

原文:http://www.archdaily.com/24652/the-modern-wing-renzo-piano/

Architects: Renzo Piano Building Workshop in collaboration with Interactive Design Inc.

Location: Chicago, USA

Design Team: J. Moolhuijzen (partner in charge), D.Rat, C.Maxwell-Mahon with A.Belvedere, D.Colas, P.Colonna, O.Foucher, A.Gallissian, S.Giorgio-Marrano, H.Lee, W.Matthews, T.Mikdashi, J.B.Mothes, Y.Pagès, B.Payson, M.Reale, J.Rousseau, A.Stern, A.Vachette, C.von Däniken and K.Doerr, M.Gomes, J.Nakagawa; Y.Kyrkos, C.Colson, O.Aubert (models)

Structure: Ove Arup & Partners

Services: Ove Arup & Partners + Sebesta Blomberg

Civil Engineering: Patrick Engineering

Landscaping: Gustafson Guthrie Nichol Ltd.

LEED Consultant: Carter Burgess

Project Year: 2009

Photographs: Nic Leoux

The new Modern Wing is being built between Michigan Avenue and Columbus Drive, at the northeast corner of the block the Art Institute of Chicago currently occupies. The addition will complete the cultural, urban campus of the museum. The new street-level entrance on Monroe Street will connect Millennium Park to the heart of the existing museum through the new Griffin Court. On the first floor, this daylit court will be flanked by new educational facilities, public amenities, galleries, and a garden, all of which will better actively link the Art Institute with urban life. The second and third floors will be dedicated to art and the viewing of art. The third floor will be completely lit by natural light. Below street level will be mechanical systems, art storage, and support facilities for the entire Art Institute.

Flying above the art pavilion will be a shelter that filters the sun to create the natural shaded light conditions ideal for the enjoyment of art. This shelter is a kind of flying carpet made of aluminum leaves that perform the same job as the tree canopies all around in the park. It is a “soft machine” that sensitively levitates above the new wing, vibrantly screening the light.

 

All this is made easier in a city that is built on precise north-south and east-west axes, perfectly in tune with the cycle of the sun, like a solar machine. The Modern Wing shelter will give the museum what it needs in terms of light, much as the open lattice of the Pritzker Pavilion gives shelter to the Great Lawn in terms of sound.

Limestone, a material used in the construction of the entire museum from its original Beaux Arts palace to recent additions, rises from the ground like a topographic relief, massive and solid, as though it has always been there. Above this topos, the building stands light, transparent, and permeable in steel and glass, in the great tradition of Chicago buildings: solid and robust yet at the same time light and crisp.

 

The Nichols Bridgeway goes from the heart of Millennium Park to the public terrace of the Modern Wing, crossing high above Monroe Street like a fine blade. The sharp metal reminds us of the bold structures characteristic of Chicago. The bridge does what all bridges do: it connects two different worlds and makes it possible to share experiences, providing beautiful views for people walking up towards the sunlight or down in front of the unique Chicago skyline.

版权:翻译 www.ArchGo.com 夔

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