美国, 芝加哥, 爱克瓦大厦/甘建筑工作室

像芝加哥这样城市密度越来越大的城市,新建塔楼内望向已有建筑间的视线必须要仔细斟酌。爱克瓦大厦(Aqua Tower,Aqua有“水”的意思,译者注)借助一些准则,如视线、遮阳和功能,来控制建筑外轮廓的竖向体系。整个建筑看起来像一个巨型雕塑。大厦各层伸出的、渐变的室外平台确定了建筑的竖向形体。室外平台的使用提供了大厦与室外的紧密连接,同时大厦的立面和其外的城市空间被居住者直接使用。这样处理产生了远近不同的效果:近处仰视有种强烈的雕塑感,而远处观看仍然是一个细长的矩形体量。大厦强有力的形体犹如裸露的石灰岩层,并体现了那种塑造大湖区域的地质力量。

建筑立面是玻璃幕和每层略有不同的波浪形阳台的组合,产生出水面涟漪的效果。阳台从玻璃幕墙伸出,可达12英尺(3.7米)远。

一些大厦数据:

- 5.5万平方英尺(约5500平方米)的零售和办公空间

- 210间宾馆客房

- 476套出租公寓

- 263套销售公寓

- 823英尺高(约246.9米)

- 竣工时间:2009年

- 造价:3亿美元

比较有意思的是,该大厦动物权利组织PETA的一个“鸟类友好设计”的奖项。 通过波浪形的室外设计和方便鸟类识别的带有灰色记号的烧结玻璃的使用,甘建筑工作室创造了一个能帮助阻止鸟类撞向玻璃窗的设计作品。PETA的Proggy奖用来奖励在经济和文化方面对动物友好上的贡献。

PETA主席Ingrid E. Newkirk给甘建筑工作室的老板珍妮.甘发去恭贺信。随后该公司也会受到正式的证书。

Newkirk在信中写道:“美国建筑师路易斯.沙利文说出了里程碑式的’形式追随功能‘,而在爱克瓦大厦上,形式追随慈悲。“

撞击窗户致死是与人类相关的杀害迁徙鸟类最常见的问题,在北美,仅在城市区域,每年这种撞击导致超过3400万鸟类的死亡。

 

原文:http://www.worldarchitecturenews.com/index.php?fuseaction=wanappln.projectview&upload_id=1918

http://www.bustler.net/index.php/article/animal_rights_group_peta_awards_aqua_tower_for_bird-friendly_design/

(转载请注明来源http://www.ArchGo.com建筑实例 建筑图片 建筑文章翻译)

In an increasingly dense city like Chicago, views from a new tower must be negotiated between existing buildings. Aqua Tower considers criteria such as views, solar shading and function to derive a vertical system of contours that gives the structure its sculptural form. Its vertical topography is defined by its outdoor terraces that gradually change in plan over the length of the tower. These terraces offer a strong connection to the outdoors and allow inhabitants to occupy the building façade and city simultaneously. The result is a highly sculptural building when viewed obliquely that transforms into a slender rectangle from further away. Its powerful form suggests the limestone outcroppings and geologic forces that shaped the great lakes region.

The façade will be glass with undulating balconies which change slightly from floor to floor giving it a rippling effect. The balconies will extend as far as 12 feet (3.7 meters) from the glass wall in some places.

- Façade made of glass

- Undulating, asymmetrical balconies

- 55,000 square feet of retail and office space

- 210 hotel roons

- 476 rental units

- 263 condo units

- 823 feet high

- Completion date: 2009

- Cost: $300 million

 

Studio Gang Architects has earned a PETA Proggy award for using bird-deflecting elements in the 823 ft-Aqua Tower residential building and hotel that’s currently under construction in Chicago.

By including an undulating exterior and specifying the use of fritted glass—which is etched with gray marks to make it easier for birds to see—the company has created a design that will help prevent birds from flying into windows. PETA’s Proggy Awards (“Proggy” is for “progress”) recognize animal-friendly achievements in commerce and culture.

PETA President Ingrid E. Newkirk sent a letter of congratulations to Jeanne Gang, founder and principal of Chicago-based Studio Gang Architects. The firm will also receive a framed certificate.

“The American architect Louis Sullivan coined the phrase ‘form follows function,’” says Newkirk. “In the Aqua Tower, form follows compassion.”

Collisions with windows are among the most common human-related killers of migrating birds in North America—each year, they cause the deaths of more than 34 million birds in urban areas alone.

版权:翻译 www.ArchGo.com 海天一线

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