智利,remota旅馆/German del Sol

建筑师:German del Sol

地点:Provincia de Última Esperanza, Magallanes, Patagonia, 智利

项目团队:José Luis Ibañez G. / Architect, Francisca Schüler M. / Architect, Carlos Venegas / Architect, Rodrigo Arenas P. / Graphics Arts

承包商:Salfa, Punta Arenas

建造面积:5,213.46平方米

项目年份:2004-2005

施工年份:2004-2005

图片:Guy Wenborne, Felipe Camus, Turek

翻译:山

校对:夔

 

 

灵感:

建筑设计灵感来自于巴塔哥尼亚的牧羊农场建筑。

与那些大庄园的重要房子不同,这个旅馆有着温馨的室内设计,其具有当地的地域性。在为牧羊人游牧工作而建造的房子里,人们每天过着巴塔哥尼亚式的生活,并且找到他们自己生活的灿烂。这里的谷仓用于晾干羊皮,因为寒冷和大风,大庄园里的其他工作就必须在室内完成。

散落分布在巴塔哥尼亚的人们留下了很多痕迹,如连绵不断的栅栏和牧羊犬的小屋。

 

庭院:

中央空旷的庭院将巴塔哥尼亚无尽风光引入旅馆的内部。

庭院是旅馆的公共区域,这里两栋客房建筑将庭院三面围合了起来,其中后面的主客房稍微高一点。

这个院子看起来十分空旷,除了一些大石头分布在其中,但是呢,却充满了遐想:这里就好像切出来的,好看到远处的森林。它让人看到并思考这是否鬼斧神工的呢,还是一种强烈的文化,使人们充分享受巴塔哥尼亚的生活。

主庭院吸引人们离开温馨的旅馆,去野外漫步而不用担心寒冷和大风,使人记住一天里美好的事物。

 

拉丁美洲文化

拉丁美洲文化讲述的是人与自然的关系,在这里没有街道,城镇的影响。

拉丁美洲在建筑上有着悠久的传统,就是人处于自然之中的哲学。牧羊者、商人通过地点的标志辨别方向或是找到过夜地,有时人们偶尔也在此聚一下来庆祝他们的古老仪式。

如今我们的文化可以帮助来自大城市的现代旅行者去亲近自然,并且有一个丰富多彩的体验。

旅行是一个特殊的时刻,它让我们又一次回到童年,对所发生的一切感到新鲜而好奇,无论是在外面的世界还是内在的世界。

 

形体

对我来说,建筑既不仅仅是形体,也不单单是建造它们的材料。

我认为,建筑是额外的礼物——一个可以填补我们所谓空间的引人思考的礼物。当一个人分神时,往往没有任何意图地四处张望,这时,我们所处的场所将我们引入梦境。

旅馆好似一个黑色的大谷仓从远处浮现,在黎明或者深夜闪烁着金色的光。而有的部分内部充满了光线,通过竖向韵律的玻璃窗透射出来。

旅馆在广袤的巴塔哥尼亚平原上作为一个欢迎温暖之地而存在。它的优雅藏在工作谷仓外貌之内,好事先降低旅客的期盼,使人们进入室内一下子淋浴在意想不到的光辉之中。

 

意想不到的好的一面

 

这个建筑告诉我们,旅行和漫步就是创造一个机会去发现意想不到的事物,并在其中寻找美好。

旅馆的外墙被一系列有韵律的竖向开窗附着着。

 

建筑结构

我们用混凝土结构(柱,楼板和内墙)来保证房屋的私密性和屋顶耐火性能。

结构被一英尺厚的聚亚胺酯核心耐水胶合板包裹。这些面板表面镀上合成沥青膜,来保证建筑有着最好的隔离性能,好对抗狂风和暴雨。

沥青膜被黑色碎石覆盖着,这样能使其不受紫外线侵袭。

聚氯乙烯双层恒温玻璃窗形成一个连续的竖向外墙开洞。

 

 

景观

巴塔哥尼亚平原天然草在这里自由自在的随意生长。

一些大石块伫立在庭院里,强调着空旷的感觉并且捕获着黎明和黄昏的阳光。

巴塔哥尼亚平原的野生景观也将屋顶覆盖了。屋顶混凝土板也镀着同样的合成沥青膜和两英尺厚的毛毯似的草。

这里有三个木质的走道,将三个房子通过捷径联系起来,并穿越庭院。当中两个走道被覆盖着,另外一个是开放的。这个走道将木墙降低,成为庭院中的界限,并且它的顶部平直的线条形成一条低矮的地平线,这让人不禁对草原的广袤产生无限赞叹。

 

室内设计

室内设计与室外设计紧密相关

巴塔哥尼亚的不断变化的光线通过纵向的削减式序列窗玻璃进入建筑。然后,它围绕着大的混凝土柱或木柱,以及在天花板下木棚架,其挂在混凝土挂板上。

附着在暗色木家具上的织物的明亮的颜色将光线捕获。

内部摆放着粗犷的斯巴达几何式的家具,这些是木匠在施工现场制作的,其由本土的死树木装饰的,这些树木来自Lenga大森林,巴塔哥尼亚低地,靠近大海,现在那里的树木依然很茂盛。

所有家具中,由手工制作的可以说是极品,而这些是人们手工艺的成果。可以说,没有设计结果的产品就没有精炼的产业质量。

从地板到天花,客房也有一些木质的枕木(大块的Lenga木),支撑厚的木质的长凳和桌子。珠状的墙使卧室与浴室分开,显得更加亲和但同时又隔音。

 

灵活性

 

所有的起居和用餐区域,加上二层的两个大房间(暖房,用于晒太阳,而不必呆在室外)或者音乐房间,可以用于各种用途,而且这里的家具能适用于任何地方。

 

独特的结构理论

柱子和屋顶首先用来抵御恶劣的天气。

接着,结构被工业胶合面板所包裹上,当然了,这也很容易悬挂。

一旦面板被固定到楼板上,它们被镀以沥青膜。这些膜是成卷的,被粘在面板上。

之后,聚氯乙烯双层窗玻璃被吊起来。看来,施工工艺是一项连续的工作,允许许多不同的小组同时工作。

 

节约能源特色

旅馆有很多节约能源的设施。这节省了所有的对于服务旅客没有必要的事情,不仅仅是为了环保,还是为了心灵。

一个智利的诗人写过,最重要的不是每天晚上灯的开启,而是当关灯以后,所存在着的光的记忆。。。。。。

旅馆用的是低耗能灯泡,同时提高黄色阴影的色彩质量,还有低耗能水设备,盥洗系统,良好的隔热,和产生被动能量的适当的太阳方位,热能节省,玻璃紫外线保护膜等等。

 

最大的挑战

如何做到文化的独特性和体现场所丰富的内涵,给旅客带来终生的体验。

 

我们怎样克服挑战

 

我们有对工作热爱和呵护的人们,以及专业技术,耐心,和热情。

 

意想不到的

 

一个人始终不拒绝对意想不到的好的一面,那么结果常常比我们预想的要更好。

 

原文:http://www.archdaily.com/4029/remota-hotel-german-del-sol/

(转载请注明来源http://www.ArchGo.com建筑实例 建筑图片 建筑文章翻译)

Architects: German del Sol

Location: Provincia de Última Esperanza, Magallanes, Patagonia, Chile

Project team: José Luis Ibañez G. / Architect, Francisca Schüler M. / Architect, Carlos Venegas / Architect, Rodrigo Arenas P. / Graphics Arts

Contractor: Salfa, Punta Arenas

Constructed Area: 5,213.46 sqm

Project year: 2004 – 2005

Construction year: 2004 – 2005

Photographs: Guy Wenborne, Felipe Camus, Turek

The inspiration

The inspiration are the sheep farm’s buildings of Patagonia.

Not the main houses of the estancias, their warm interiors closed to their place, but the buildings made for the sheep farm works where daily life in Patagonia is lived, and finds an splendor of its own; the barns for drying the sheep’s hides and for the many other works at the estancias, that have to be done inside because of the cold or the wind, or both.

An the other many signs of human live dispersed in Patagonia, like the endless wire fences, the small houses for the shepherd’s dogs, etc.

The Courtyard

The empty central courtyard or plaza, introduces the vast wilderness of Patagonia at the core of the hotel.

It is surrounded in three sides by two guest rooms buildings, and the main one in the back a little higher, where the common areas of the hotel are placed.

The plaza is empty, except for a few big boulders, but is full of suggestions: it is like the clear cut that one makes to see the forest. It lets one see what one minds, whether it is the natural environment, or the strong culture that has allow men and women, to enjoy a life, as life is in Patagonia.

The main plaza is an invitation to leave the warm environment of the hotel, and go wandering in the wild, unworried if the day is windy or cold, keeping in mind that all the comforts of one daily life, are awaiting when one is back, the shear tasks of daily life spared.

Latin American Culture

Latin American culture relates its people with nature, without the mediation of streets, towns and cities, as it happens for instance in Europe, since the middle ages.

 

Latin America has an ancient tradition of works of architecture that stand in the midst of nature, just to bring signs of live to places where shepherds, or merchants use to pass or to stay by night, or where people gather once in a while, to celebrate once again, their ancient rites.

Today our culture may well help modern travelers coming from big cities, to relate with the natural environment, and have a fruitful experience.

Travel is an special occasion to be children again more curious about what happens in the world outside, than about what happens inside the self.

The Form

Architecture, to me, is neither the form of buildings, nor the materials used to build them.

 

For me, Architecture is an extra gift. A gift of suggestions that may fill what we usually call the empty space. The place above our heads, that invites one to daydream when one is distracted looking away without any intention.

Remota appears from the distance as a big black barn, its warm yellow lights gleaming at dawn or night, its interior full of light revealed in part, through the vertical sequence of vertical glass.

Remota appears as a welcoming warm place to stay, in the vastness of Patagonia’s plains. Its refinements are confined behind a working barn look, to lower the travelers expectations, so its interior will appear unexpectedly in all its splendor.

The good side of the unexpected

Remota’s Architecture reflecs that for us, traveling and wandering is all about giving a chance to the unexpected to appear, and find good in it as is.

The buildings are enclosed in a continuous sequence of vertical windowpanes opened in the exterior walls.

Building Structure

We used a concrete structure of pillars, slabs and interior walls,to ensure room privacy and fireproofing.

 

The structure is enclosed by waterproof plywood panels with a 1 foot thick expanded polyurethane core as insulation. The panels are coated with a synthetic asphalt membrane to provide the building with the best insulation, and protection against the rain and wind.

The asphalt membrane is covered with black fine gravel to protect it from the UV rays.

The PVC double glazing thermo windowpanes, form a continuous sequence of vertical openings in the exterior walls.

The landscape

The natural grasses of the Patagonian plains are left to grow wild all around the place.

In the courtyard some big erratic boulders, stand to enforce the sense of emptiness and capture the low light of the sun at dawn or dusk.

The wild landscape of the Patagonian plains covers also the roofs of the buildings. The roofs concrete slabs are coated with the same synthetic asphalt membrane and a carpet of wild grasses 2 feet high.

There are three wooden corridors, that connect the three buildings in a shortcut that crosses the courtyard. Two of them are covered, and other one, which goes to the pool and sauna house is open. The corridors low wooden walls, put a limit to the courtyard, and their roofs straight line form a close horizon that let one appreciate the vastness beyond.

The interior design

The interior design might not be understood apart of our architectural work.

 

The ever changing light of Patagonia enters the building through the sequence of vertical cuts of the windowpanes. Then it surrounds big concrete or wooden pillars, and slides along the ceilings wooden trellises that hang well under the concrete slab.

The light is captured by the bright colors of the fabrics that cover the dark wood furniture.

The strong and Spartan geometric furniture, was made by carpenters at the job site, out of big pieces of dead native wood, recovered from big forests of Lenga trees that still thrive close to the sea in the Patagonian low lands.

In all furniture, the work done by hand can be appreciated. It is the fruit of men and women craftsmanship. Not the product of a big design effort or of polished industrial quality.

The guest bedrooms have also some wood sleepers (big pieces of lenga wood) running vertically from the floor to the ceiling, to support thick wooden benches and tables, the beads head, and make the division with the bathroom, more friendly but still soundproof.

Flexibility

All the living rooms and dinning room areas, plus the two big rooms up in the second floor -the conservatory, for basking in the sun without the need to stay outside- or the music room, can be used in many different ways, and the furniture fits almost in any place.

Unique construction methods

The pillars and roof were made first to protect the workers from the bad weather.

Then the structure was enclosed with plywood panels industrially made, and very easy to hang.

Once the panels were fixed to the slabs, they were coated with the asphalt membrane, that comes in rolls, and is glued to the panels.

The PVC double glazing windowpanes were hanged afterwards. The construction process was a continuous sequence of works, that allowed for many different teams to work simultaneously.

Energy saving features

Remota has many saving features. It spares all what seems unnecessary to refine travelers, not only to be environmentally friendly, but for the sake of the mind.

A chilean poet says, That what is important is not the light that one turns on every night, but the light that one once turned off, to have a memory of light….

Remota uses low consuming light bulbs, while improving its color quality with yellow shades, low consuming water bathroom fittings, laundry system, Good insulation of the building, and the proper orientation to the sun as passive energy, saves energy for heating etc. etc. The glasses have a UV rays protection film, etc.

The biggest challenges

To make what is unique in the culture and nature of the place to appear in plenitude inside the hotel, to give guests an experience of a lifetime.

How did we overcome those challenges

With love and care for the work, and for the people who makes it. With some expertise, a sea of patience. And passion.

The unexpected

One has to be open to see the good side of the unexpected, that usually is better than what we expect.

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