中国,深圳,万科中心2/Steven Holl建筑师事务所

Steven Holl建筑师事务所设计的位于中国深圳的“水平大厦”,及其周围的景观设计已经完工。

 

 

该项目获得2010年AIA纽约奖。Holl事务所设计的位于Hamarøy的Knut Hamsun中心也在4月颁奖。

深圳万科中心的长度接近纽约帝国大厦的高度,包括公寓,写字楼和酒店,会议中心,温泉和地下停车场。

建筑场地的建筑限高是35米,8个采用了造桥技术的核心体量,最大限度的扩大了园林的面积。

摄影:Shu He, 感谢Steven Holl建筑师事务所。

 

下面的信息由Steven Holl建筑师事务所提供:

深圳万科中心,

China 2006 – 2009中国2006 - 2009

 

它与美国纽约的帝国大厦的高度一样长,是一个“横向摩天大楼”,它位于花园的上方,用作万科的总部。功能包括:办公用房,公寓和酒店,一个会议中心,水疗中心,停车场和景观公园。

建筑好像原来浮于一片水位较高的海面,现在海水退去了,显露出下面的8个支撑体。

为什么把一个大型的建筑架于空中,并符合35米限高,而不是分散为几个容纳不同功能的小建筑。这是为了能让建筑高于周围的小建筑,从视线上看到不远处的南中国海,并产生最大的公共绿地。

先进的结构技术及施工技术为深圳市引入了一种新的城市建筑类型——“漂浮的建筑”。

漂浮的8个核心中最长的有50米,漂浮的水平向的摩天大楼采用了精密的拉索桥技术,并有高强度无桁架混凝土框架。

建筑下方的支撑体是玻璃表皮,其中是楼梯和电梯,它被称为“深圳之窗”,在其中能360度欣赏郁郁葱葱的热带景观。

公共道路连接酒店、公寓区和办公区。

漂浮的建筑体型能让海洋和陆地的风都能通过公共花园。景观设计受到了Roberto Burle Marx的巴西的公共花园的影响。花园包括餐厅、咖啡、草木繁茂的土堆、池塘和走道。

在晚上走过花园,在五颜六色的漂浮建筑下面,能闻到茉莉花的香味。

在景观中,布置不同的半公共功能,创造了生动的空间。一个大型400座会议中心,采用泡沫铝表皮和绿色马海毛座位。有一个室内大型水疗中心和室外游泳池,以及一个酒吧,酒吧的大型旋转多色门高4.8米,像一个大型的漆画。

深钴蓝色的天花板对比中国红和手工金箔装饰的墙壁。

地处热带,建筑把二十一世纪的可持续发展理念和风景结合起来。长方形的冷却池和中水系统创造小气候。建筑有太阳能板,屋顶绿化,并广泛使用可持续材料,如竹。

此外,大楼的玻璃幕墙采用多孔天窗。避免过度的阳光和风。万科总部这个浮动水平摩天大楼翼旨在获得LEED白金认证。万科中心可以抵御21世纪的海啸,创建一个多孔的微气候景观。

水平摩天大楼/中国,深圳,万科中心

 

Steven Holl建筑师事务所由于万科中心和挪威Hamarøy的Knut Hamsun中心获得了2010年AIA纽约奖。

水平摩天大楼和只要帝国大厦的高度一样长,2009年12月落成启用,作为中国第一批获得LEED白金认证的绿色建筑,最近获得了2010年中国最佳绿色项目设计奖。

克努特汉姆生的中心,2009年8月完成,致力于展览克努特汉姆生,包括展览区,一间图书馆,阅读室,咖啡厅,和一个礼堂。

年度设计奖的获奖项目将在2009年4月14号颁奖。所有得奖作品将陈列于536拉瓜地亚广场中心。在设计奖展览将于4月15日(周四)开始,2010年7月3日结束。

功能: 混合用途,包括酒店,写字楼,公寓,公共公园

项目来源: 竞赛

建筑面积:1296459sf/120445(平方米)

景观面积:559723sf/52000(平方米)

公共绿地(广场):509004sf/47288(平方米)

大小会议中心(广场):89254sf/8292(平方米)

公寓面积:276676sf/25704(平方米)

酒店:119619sf/11113(平方米)

西湖办事处:146292sf/13591(平方米)

万科总部:149338sf/13874(平方米)

 

原文:http://www.dezeen.com/2010/03/05/vanke-center-shenzhen-by-steven-holl-architects/

翻译 www.ArchGo.com K

(转载请注明来源http://www.ArchGo.com建筑实例 建筑图片 建筑文章翻译)

Steven Holl Architects have completed a building conceived as a “horizontal skyscraper”, supported over a landscaped garden in Shenzhen, China.

The project has been awarded with a 2010 Honor Award by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) New York Chapter. Holl’s Knut Hamsun Center at Hamarøy (see our earlier story) will also be awarded at the ceremony in April.

Called Vanke Center Shenzhen, the building is as long as the Empire State Building is tall, and includes apartments, offices and a hotel, with a conference centre, spa and car park below ground level.

The structure spreads out under the 35 meter height limit on the site, supported on eight cores using bridge-building technology and a concrete frame to maximise the area available for gardens beneath.

Photographs are by Shu He, Courtesy Steven Holl Architects.

 

Here’s some more information from Steven Holl Architects:

Vanke Center Shenzhen,

China 2006 – 2009

 

Hovering over a tropical garden, this ‘horizontal skyscraper’ –as long as the Empire State Building is tall- unites into one vision the headquarters for Vanke Co. ltd, office spaces, apartments, and a hotel. A conference center, spa and parking are located under the large green, public landscape.

The building appears as if it were once floating on a higher sea that has now subsided; leaving the structure propped up high on eight legs.

The decision to float one large structure right under the 35-meter height limit, instead of several smaller structures each catering to a specific program, was inspired by the hope to create views over the lower developments of surrounding sites to the South China Sea, and to generate the largest possible green space open to the public on the ground level.

Advanced structural technologies and construction techniques opened up the new type of flying architecture that introduces a new urban layer to Shenzhen.

Suspended on eight cores, as far as 50 meters apart, this floating horizontal skyscraper is a sophisticated combination of “cable-stay” bridge technology merged with a high strength concrete frame: a structure without trusses.

The underside of the floating structure becomes its main elevation from which sunken glass cubes, the so-called ‘Shenzhen Windows’, offer 360-degree views over the lush tropical landscape below.

Covering the entire length of the building a public path has been proposed to connect through the hotel, and the apartment zones up to the office wings.

The floating horizontal building allows sea and land breezes to pass through the public gardens. The landscape, inspired by Roberto Burle Marx’ gardens in Brazil contains restaurants and cafes in vegetated mounds bracketed with pools and walkways.

At night a walk through this landscape of flowering tropical plants will mix the smell of Jasmine with the colorful glow of the undersides of the structure floating above.

Under the landscape diverse semi-public functions create lively spaces. A large conference center includes a foamed-aluminum auditorium with green mohair seating that seats 400 people. There is a large spa with indoor and outdoor pools, and a polychromatic bar with large pivoting doors of 4.8 meters high that feel like giant lacquered paintings.

The ceiling of dark cobalt blue contrasts with walls in Chinese red and hand-applied gold leaf.

As a tropical, sustainable 21st century vision the building and the landscape integrate several new sustainable aspects. A microclimate is created by rectangular cooling lakes fed by a greywater system. The building itself has a green roof with solar panels and widely uses sustainable materials such as bamboo.

The glass façade of the building will be protected against the sun and wind by porous louvers. The Vanke Headquarter wing of the floating horizontal skyscraper is aimed at LEED Platinum. The Vanke Center is a Tsunami-proof 21st century hovering architecture that creates a porous micro-climate of freed landscape.

Horizontal Skyscraper/Vanke Center in Shenzhen, China:

 

Steven Holl Architects has been awarded two 2010 Honor Awards from the American Institute of Architects (AIA) New York Chapter for the Horizontal Skyscraper in Shenzhen, China and the Knut Hamsun Center in Hamarøy, Norway.

The Horizontal Skyscraper, completed in December 2009, is as long as the Empire State Building is tall, and as one of the first LEED platinum rated buildings in Southern China, it recently received a 2010 Good Design is Good Business China Award for Best Green project.

The Knut Hamsun Center, completed August 2009, is dedicated to Knut Hamsun and includes exhibition areas, a library and reading room, a café, and an auditorium. The building is conceived as an archetypal and intensified compression of spirit in space and light, concretizing a Hamsun character in architectonic terms.

The winning Design Award projects will be recognized at the annual Design Awards Luncheon on Wednesday, April 14th. All winning work will be exhibited at the Center for Architecture, 536 LaGuardia Place. The Design Awards Exhibition will be on view from Thursday, April 15 through July 3, 2010.

program: mixed-use building including hotel, offices, condominiums, and public park

project type: competition

building area (square): 1296459sf/120445sm

landscape area (square): 559723sf/52000sm

public green space (square): 509004sf/47288sm

size conference center (square): 89254sf/8292sm

size condominiums (square): 276676sf/25704sm

size hotel (square): 119619sf/11113sm

size soho offices (square): 146292sf/13591sm

size vanke headquarters: 149338sf/13874sm