苏丹,达尔富尔,水塔大厦/H3AR

数十年来,苏丹由于水和土地引发的冲突一直困扰着政府。然而2007年,来自波士顿大学的科学家们在苏丹的达尔富尔区域发现了一个巨大的地下湖泊。该湖泊曾是世界第十大湖(31000平方米)。如果正确加以利用,它将为解决当地冲突起到至关重要的作用。
基于上述事实,来自H3AR建筑设计事务所的波兰籍建筑师Hugon Kowalski最近提出了一个建筑方案,新建筑可以借助水泵抽取地下水。该建筑的形式受到水塔和当地非洲草原的象征-猴面包树的启发。建筑物容纳了一些水泵、处理设备,甚至于医院、学校和粮食贮备中心。该提案不仅试图促进经济的发展,也试图促进文化的交流和苏丹三种不同宗教信仰和语言间的共生。

 

新建筑的墙体由现场的干燥压缩粘土砖(土、水泥和水混合制成)建造而成。砖经过烈日烘烤而成,并不需要额外的能源,从而减少对环境的影响。选择运用这种技术是为了引入可以替代的和可持续发展的技术措施,从而摆脱了当地并不总是有利于建筑项目的标准化约束。

每个塔内空间包含了从储水、食物、健康和教育类各不相同的功能。 

建筑中启用了两个水循环系统。其一是抽取的水用来加热或者冷却建筑,用户也能接触到。其二是抽取的水供建筑自身使用(例如厨房和卫生间)。
该设计是Evolo杂志2010年摩天大厦设计竞赛参赛作品。

原文:http://www.designboom.com/weblog/cat/9/view/9406/h3ar-watertower-skyscraper.html

翻译 www.ArchGo.com 天蝎

(转载请注明来源http://www.ArchGo.com 建筑实例 建筑图片 建筑文章翻译)

the conflict over water and land in sudan has created political unrest for decades.

however, in 2007, scientists from boston university discovered and underground

lake in the region of darfur, sudan. this lake is tenth biggest lake in the world (31, 000 m2)

and would have great potential in resolving the conflict if managed correctly.

 

addressing this water issue, polish firm H3AR architect and design recently proposed

a building that allows access to underground waters through the application of water pumps.

the form of the building was inspired by a water tower and also by the symbol of the african

savanna - the baobab. the building houses water pumps, a treatment plant but also a hospital,

a school and a food storage center. this building is meant to provoke economical development

but also stimulate cultural exchange and the coexistence of the three different religions

and languages in sudan.

 

the design proposal was part of the 2010 skyscraper competition hosted by evolo magazine

the building walls are constructed using compressed dry stacked clay bricks, made on site

using a rough mixture of earth, cement and water. the bricks would be baked in the hot

sun, thus, requiring no extra energy and limiting the environmental impact of the materials.

the choice of using this technology represents the desire to introduce alternative and

sustainable technologies within a context that is tied to stardardized though not always

optimal building practice.

the space in each tower is dedicated to a different function ranging from water/ food, health and education

two water circulation processes would be in place. first set of extracted water is meant

to heat or cool the building, and is accessible to the users. second, set of extracted water

is used for the building itself (i.e. kitchen, toilets).