卡塔尔,多哈,国家博物馆/让努维尔

法国建筑师让努维尔公布了他为卡塔尔设计的新国家博物馆的设计。

博物馆由一系列的变化着曲率和尺寸的联锁圆盘组成,它们形成了建筑的墙、地板、顶棚和阳台。

每一个圆盘都将用玻璃-钢筋混凝土复合结构钢桁架构城,圆盘间的空隙用釉面覆盖。

这个新结构将围绕着一个现存的宫殿建造。

下面是来自卡塔尔博物馆的官方信息:

卡塔尔博物馆当局公布让努维尔卡塔尔博物馆的设计并对项目进行多方面的展示。

为了使卡塔尔下一阶段发展成为海湾地区甚至世界文化和交流的中心,卡塔尔博物馆管理局(QMA)今天(2010.3.24)透露了它们新建卡塔尔国家博物馆的计划,一个由普利策奖获得者金·努维尔设计的惊人而饱含激情的建筑。

它象征着卡塔尔人民的骄傲和传统,向国际游客们展现了卡塔尔快速改变和现代化进程。卡塔尔博物馆所有的墙都能用作电影演示,成为“圆润的茧”,口述历史或手持式的移动装置引导参观者观看有关馆藏珍宝的电影演示。

尽管围绕着一个历史性建筑建造——Fariq Al

Salatah宫,它从1975年开始作为历史遗产博物馆使用。卡塔尔国家博物馆被构想和设定成为一个全新的机构,从而使卡塔尔博物馆当局保持旺盛的生命力。

让努维尔的设计清楚的表示了博物馆计划中主动、动态的方面和它在卡塔尔钻石般的身份:建筑,像沙漠中的玫瑰,独一无二的从土地中生长出来。博物馆显著的坐落在多哈滨海路南部尽头的一个150万平方英尺的场地上,这样它就会成为有机场前来的旅客看到的第一个名胜。建筑像一个平放着的戒指的形状(低洼的圈状),串联式的临时展馆,其中的庭院包围着一个43万平方英尺的室内空间。

在组织方面,建筑暗示着商人旅馆的形象(支持商贸流通的传统封闭休息空间,信息和人穿过沙漠的商贸路线),并对国家巨变的特性给出实体化的表达。这些界定展馆楼板、墙和屋顶的倾斜、相互贯穿的圆盘(外墙覆盖着沙色混凝土),刀锋一般宛如沙漠玫瑰的花瓣,一个盐水层形成的结晶砂矿物正好在沙漠表面下被发现。

“卡塔尔博物馆是卡塔尔博物馆当局为人民和国际交流建立的下一个世界级机构”,卡塔尔博物馆管理局主席Sheikha Al Mayassa bint Hamad

bin Khalifa Al-Thani阁下说:“借鉴2008年伊斯兰艺术博物馆的巨大成功,它展示的艺术传统,跨越了半个地球,我们现在期待着卡塔尔目前的文化和环境——物质的和非物质的、历史的和当代的。用这个最新的计划,宣布多哈是这个时代阿拉伯的文化之都,我们更加接近卡塔尔博物馆理事会建设一个有远见的、可持续的卡塔尔的愿望。”

阿卜杜拉纳贾尔(Abdulla Al

Najjar),卡塔尔博物馆管理局CEO说:“它源起于历史宫殿——卡塔尔历史最悠久的博物馆,这个激动人心的项目创造了21世纪前所未有的体验,庆祝文化、遗产、卡塔尔与人民的未来。它的特质反应了卡塔尔博物管理局的精神:我们忠实的保留和吸收了原宫殿,在尊重过去符号的同时实现了惊人的新设想。这是让努维尔出色创造的。”

据卡塔尔国家博物馆馆长佩吉洛尔(Peggy

Loar)说:“在这个无与伦比的新机构里,卡塔尔人将会发现更多关于他们的祖先和他们在该地区的根源,学习卡塔尔早期城市形成和重要历史,参观物质文化和非物质遗产的代表藏品。国际游客也将会对海湾地区的生活有一个更好的了解,关于卡塔尔的人民具体的历史和现在进行的倡议——一个推进教育、发展文化的方方面面,追求可持续发展的方案。我们非常幸运地实现这一计划,我们有让努维尔,其设计是一个当代建筑杰作,唤醒了永恒的沙漠。”

谈到他的设计,让努维尔说:“这个博物馆是个现代客栈。你从这里抛开沙漠,与刻在你记忆里的珍贵图像一同返回。卡塔尔的国家博物馆将成为一种文化的声音,当沙漠遇到海洋的时候传递出一个现代的美丽讯息。”

建筑细节

卡塔尔的国家博物馆将建设面积86,000平方英尺的永久性展厅,21,500平方英尺的临时展厅,一个有220个座位的礼堂,一个有70个座位的小报告厅/电视工作室,两个咖啡厅,一个餐厅和一个博物馆商店。独立设施供学校团体和特邀嘉宾使用。员工设施包括一个遗产研究中心、恢复实验室、办公室、工作人员收集处理和存储的区域。整个博物馆被一个120万平方英尺的景观公园所包围,以更好地诠释卡塔尔的沙漠景观。

灵感来自沙漠玫瑰,由不同曲率和直径的联锁圆盘组成的建筑(其中一些或多或少直立作为支撑结构,其它或多或少的水平)。这些圆盘为节点辐射状布局的钢结构桁架,并覆着玻璃纤维复合钢筋混凝土板。柱子隐藏在垂直圆盘中传递水平圆盘的荷载到地上。

釉面砖外墙填充圆盘之间的空隙。窗框边缘嵌入天花板,地板和墙壁,从外面看是无框玻璃窗的外观。深盘形遮阳百叶过滤进来的阳光。

如同外观一样,内部是环环相扣圆盘景观。楼层为沙色抛光混凝土,而垂直的墙壁上覆盖着“stuc-pierre ”(一种用传统石膏和石灰混合石膏模仿石头的方法)。

展览及典藏

博物馆的参观将通过一个展廊循环游览,解决三大相互关联的主题。分别是卡塔尔半岛的自然史:动植物如何适应这种激烈的沙地和海洋环境;卡塔尔的社会和文化史:其传统、价值观念和复苏的故事,还有人与自然之间长久的相互作用;卡塔尔国家史:从18世纪到充满活力的现在。

探究这些主题的陈列和设施,将结合令人兴奋的音像展示。考虑到建筑的规模,博物馆藏品都是精心挑选的珍品。目前,这些藏品包括大约 8000件物品:包括考古文物,建筑构件,家庭遗产和旅游物品,纺织品和服装,首饰,装饰艺术,书籍和历史文献。最早的物品可追溯到上个冰河时期(约公元前8000年底)。最有代表的是青铜时代(约1200至00年BC),这是希腊化和早期伊斯兰时期。博物馆还保存有一些部落战争期间武器和其他物品的例子,还有更多现代日常生活使用的装饰物。

关于卡塔尔博物馆管理局

卡塔尔的国家博物馆由卡塔尔博物馆管理局开发,在它的主席Sheikha Al Mayassa bint Hamad bin Khalifa

Al- Thani的领导下,卡塔尔将转变为中东的文化中心。卡塔尔博物馆管理局成立于2005年12月,目的是整合在卡塔尔所有博物馆的资源。卡塔尔博物管理局在围绕全面保护的期望下,未来计划为国家的博物馆的发展和建设,制定一个收集、保护、保存和解释历史遗址、古迹和文物的有效的制度和规定。

关于让努维尔

世界上最受尊敬的建筑师之一,法国建筑科学院金质奖章获得者,阿迦汗建筑奖,日本皇家世界文化奖和普利兹克奖,让努维尔1945年出生在法国菲梅尔,1970年以来一直从事建筑实践。他最引人注目的建筑是阿拉伯世界研究所,卡地亚基金会和巴黎布朗利博物馆,里昂歌剧院,哥本哈根交响之家,明尼阿波利斯格思里剧院,东京电通塔,巴塞罗那阿格巴办公塔,卢塞恩文化和会议中心和酒店,柏林巴黎老佛爷拉法叶,南特正义中心,马德里的雷纳索非亚博物馆的加建,约纽40默瑟街和100第十一大街公寓。

原文:http://www.dezeen.com/2010/03/24/national-museum-of-qatar-by-jean-nouvel/

翻译 www.ArchGo.com lighteddy

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French architect Jean Nouvel has unveiled his design for the new National Museum of Qatar.

The museum will comprise a series of interlocking discs of varying dimensions and curvatures, which will form walls, ceilings, floors and terraces.

Each disc will be made of a steel truss structure clad in glass-reinforced concrete and the voids between discs will be glazed.

This new structure will be built around an existing palace.

See all our stories about Jean Nouvel in our special category.

The information that follows is from the Qatar Museums Authority:

QATAR MUSEUMS AUTHORITY UNVEILS JEAN NOUVEL DESIGN AND MULTIFACETED EXHIBITIONS PROGRAM FOR THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF QATAR

Marking the next stage of its program to develop Qatar into a hub of culture and communications for the Gulf region and the world, the Qatar Museums Authority (QMA) today revealed its plans for the new National Museum of Qatar, as expressed in a striking and evocative design by Pritzker Prize-winning architect Jean Nouvel.

Embodying the pride and traditions of Qatar’s people while offering international visitors a dialogue about rapid change and modernization, the National Museum of Qatar will be the setting for a program in which entire walls become cinematic displays, “sonorous cocoons”, shelter oral-history presentations and hand-held mobile devices guide visitors through thematic displays of the collection’s treasures. Though built around an historic structure, the Fariq Al Salatah Palace, which had served as a museum of heritage since 1975, the National Museum of Qatar is conceived and designed as a thoroughly new institution, in keeping with the high aspirations that animate QMA.

Jean Nouvel’s design manifests both the active, dynamic aspect of the Museum’s program and its crystallization of the Qatari identity, in a building that, like a desert rose, appears to grow out of the ground and be one with it. Prominently located on a 1.5 million-square-foot site at the south end of Doha’s Corniche, where it will be the first monument seen by travelers arriving from the airport, the building takes the form of a ring of low-lying, interlocking pavilions, which encircle a large courtyard area and encompass 430,000 square feet of indoor space.

In its organization, the building suggests the image of a caravanserai—the traditional enclosed resting place that supported the flow of commerce, information and people across desert trade routes—and so gives concrete expression to the identity of a nation in movement. The tilting, interpenetrating disks that define the pavilions’ floors, walls and roofs, clad on the exterior in sand-colored concrete, suggest the bladelike petals of the desert rose, a mineral formation of crystallized sand found in the briny layer just beneath the desert’s surface.

‘The National Museum of Qatar is the next world-class institution that QMA is creating for our people and for our international community’, stated Her Excellency Sheikha Al Mayassa Bint Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani, Chairperson, Qatar Museums Authority. ‘Following the very successful opening in 2008 of the Museum of Islamic Art, which showcases an artistic tradition that spans half the globe, we now look to Qatar’s immediate culture and environment—physical and immaterial, historic and contemporary. With this newest project, announced in the year when Doha is the Capital of Arab Culture, we move closer to realizing QMA’s vision of building a forward-looking, sustainable Qatar.’

Abdulla Al Najjar, Chief Executive Officer of QMA, stated, ‘Taking as its seed the historic palace that was Qatar’s oldest museum, this dramatic project creates an unprecedented 21st century experience celebrating the culture, heritage and future of Qatar and its people. It is characteristic of the spirit of QMA that we have faithfully preserved and incorporated the original palace, respecting this icon of our past, while realizing the astonishing new vision that Jean Nouvel has so brilliantly captured.’

According to Peggy Loar, Director of the National Museum of Qatar, ‘At this unparalleled new institution, Qataris will be able to discover more about their immediate ancestors and their roots in the region, learn about the formation of Qatar’s early cities and above all be exposed to the historical, material culture and intangible heritage represented in the collections. International visitors will come away with a better understanding of the life of the Gulf region, of the specific history of the Qatari people and of the initiatives underway today to advance education, develop every aspect of culture and pursue a program of sustainability. We are extremely fortunate that in realizing this program we have the vision of Jean Nouvel, whose design is at once a masterwork of contemporary architecture and an evocation of the timeless desert.’

Commenting on his design, Jean Nouvel stated, ‘This museum is a modern-day caravanserai. From here you leave the desert behind, returning with treasured images that remain engraved on your memory. The National Museum of Qatar will become the voice of a culture, delivering a message of modernity, metamorphosis and the beauty that happens when the desert meets the sea.’

Details of the Building

The National Museum of Qatar building will provide 86,000 square feet of permanent gallery space, 21,500 square feet of temporary gallery space, a 220-seat auditorium, a 70-seat food forum / TV studio, two cafés, a restaurant and a museum shop. Separate facilities are provided for school groups and special guests. Staff facilities include a heritage research center, restoration laboratories, staff offices and collection processing and storage areas. The Museum will be surrounded by a 1.2 million-square-foot landscaped park that interprets a Qatari desert landscape.

Inspired by the desert rose, the interlocking disks that compose the building—some of them standing more or less upright and acting as support elements, others lying more or less horizontal—are of varying curvature and diameter. The disks are made of steel truss structures assembled in a hub-and-spoke arrangement and are clad in glass fiber reinforced concrete panels. Columns concealed within the vertical disks carry the loads of the horizontal disks to the ground.

Glazed facades fill the voids between disks. Perimeter mullions are recessed into the ceiling, floor and walls, giving the glazing a frameless appearance when viewed from the outside. Deep disk-shaped sun-breaker elements filter incoming sunlight.

Like the exterior, the interior is a landscape of interlocking disks. Floors are sand-colored polished concrete, while the vertical disk walls are clad in ‘stuc-pierre,’ a traditional gypsum- and lime-blended plaster formulated to imitate stone.

Thermal buffer zones within the disk cavities will reduce cooling loads, while the deep overhangs of the disks will create cool, shady areas for outdoor promenades and protect the interior from light and heat. Steel and concrete, the main materials of the building, will be locally sourced and/or fabricated. The landscaping will feature sparse native vegetation with low water consumption. Through these and other sustainability measures, the Museum is working to achieve a USGBC LEED Silver rating.

The Museum’s gardens are specifically designed for the intense climate of Qatar. Plantings will include native grasses and indigenous plants, such as pomegranate trees, date palms, herbs and the Sidra tree, the national tree of Qatar. Landscaping will feature sand dunes and stepped garden architecture to create sitting areas and spaces for the Museum’s programs of tours and garden lectures.

Exhibitions and Collections

A tour of the Museum will take visitors through a loop of galleries that address three major, interrelated themes. These are the natural history of the Qatar peninsula, with its flora and fauna that have adapted to this intense environment of sand and sea; the social and cultural history of Qatar, with its traditions, values and stories that spring from the close, age-old interaction between the people and the natural world; and the history of Qatar as a nation, from the 18th century to the dynamic present.

The displays and installations that explore these themes will integrate exciting and involving audiovisual displays, some of them realized on an architectural scale, with carefully selected treasures from the Museum’s collections. These collections currently consist of approximately 8,000 objects and include archeological artifacts, architectural elements, heritage household and traveling objects, textiles and costumes, jewelry, decorative arts, books and historical documents. The earliest items date from the end of the last Ice Age (about 8000 BC). The Bronze Age (about 2000 – 1200 BC) is represented, as are the Hellenistic and early Islamic periods. The Museum also has examples of weapons and other objects from the period of the tribal wars and more contemporary decorative objects used for everyday living.

About the Qatar Museums Authority

The National Museum of Qatar is being developed by the Qatar Museums Authority, which under the leadership of its Chairperson, H.E. Sheikha Al Mayassa Bint Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani, is transforming the State of Qatar into a cultural hub of the Middle East. Qatar Museums Authority was created in December 2005 to combine the resources of all museums in the State of Qatar. The QMA’s vision revolves around the provision of a comprehensive umbrella under which future plans will be drawn for the development of national museums and the establishment of an effective system for collecting, protecting, preserving and interpreting historic sites, monuments and artifacts.

About Jean Nouvel

One of the world’s most highly respected architects, whose achievements have been recognized with the Gold Medal of the French Academy of Architecture, the Aga Khan Award for Architecture, the Praemium Imperiale and the Pritzker Prize, among others, Jean Nouvel was born in Fumel, France, in 1945 and has headed his own architecture practice since 1970. Among his most notable buildings are the Arab World Institute, Fondation Cartier and the Quai Branly Museum in Paris, the Opera House in Lyon, the Symphonic House in Copenhagen, the Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis, the Dentsu Tower in Tokyo, the Agbar office tower in Barcelona, the Culture and Congress Center and The Hotel in Lucerne, Galeries Lafayette in Berlin, the Justice Center in Nantes, the extension of the Reina Sofía museum in Madrid, and the 40 Mercer Street and 100 Eleventh Avenue apartments in New York.