西班牙,巴塞罗那和Hospitalet de Llobregat的法律机构大楼/David Chipperfield + b720

建筑师: David Chipperfield (David Chipperfield Architects) – Fermín Vázquez (b720 Arquitectos)

地点: Gran Via de les Corts 111, Barcelona, 西班牙

客户: GISA, Departament de Justicia (Generalitat de Catalunya)

Promotor: GISA, Departament de Justicia (Generalitat de Catalunya)

承包商: U.T.E. Ciudad de la Justicia (Fomento, Ferrovial, Ohl, Comapa y Emte)

结构: Brufau, Obiol, Moya i Associats: Agustí Obiol, Jane Wernick Associates: Jane Wernick

服务: Grupo JG Ingenieros Consultores: Joan Gallostra, Arup: Andrew Sedgwick

灯光设计: Artecluminotecnia: Maurici Ginés, Arup: Florence Lam, Bob Venning

立面咨询: Biosca & Botey: Xavier Farrés, Estudio Marshall: Guillermo Marshall

景观咨询: Manuel Colominas, Wirtz International: Nico Mortier, Juan Remon, Peter Wirtz

城市设计: Estanislau Roca Arquitecte & Associats: Estanislau Roca

声学设计: Estudi Acústic H. Arau: Higini Arau

计算机图像设计: Carlos Pascual; David Chipperfield Architects, b720 Arquitectos, Javier Piedra, Studio Toni Yli-Suvanto

室内模型: b720 Arquitectos, David Chipperfield Architects, Miquel Llunch, Matthew Marchbank, Vista Models

项目面积: 232,368.72 平方米

设计竞赛年代: March 2002

项目年代: 2004–2009

摄影: Christian Richters, Joan Argelés

过去,巴塞罗那和L'Hospitalet de Llobregat政府的法律机构分散在两个城市的17处建筑中,对于市民和雇员都不方便。新的法律机构大楼提高效率,让办公空间适应司法的不断变化,并为未来的发展预留空间。

建筑基地位于巴塞罗那与l’Hospitalet的边界,原来这是军营。它紧靠Gran Via和Carrilet,Gran Via是从南面通向巴塞罗那的入口处,而Carrilet是通向l’Hospitalet的主干道。该位置便于公共和私人交通顺畅连接主要大城市。

建筑设计的主要原则是打破33万平方米的功能空间,构成一系列围绕广场空间的独立而又相互关联的体量,从空间上打破司法机关僵化、单调的传统形象。方案还在各种工作空间、公共空间和景观之间达到平衡。

该司法机构的四个大型建筑群围绕着一个交通大厅。1-4层通常布置法庭。这些层直接连通交通大厅。交通大厅让人们在室内的公共空间内访问司法机构,并可俯瞰室外广场。

其它4个独立的建筑为l'Hospitalet市提供司法服务,法医科学楼和两个商业楼宇的一层都布置了商业零售。未来的建设计划包含住宅和商业零售。

8个建筑物形式上都采用有一定约束感的彩色混凝土'笼子'立面。每个建筑虽然色调柔和,也都有所不同,有所对比。交通大厅的平面比较自由,暴露出未经修饰的混凝土板和在无框玻璃前面是织物网筛(woven mesh screens)。

设计的内容包括所有的公共空间,法庭和办公空间的室内。

David Chipperfield 事务所参与人员: David Chipperfield, Grabielle Allam, Motohisa Arai, Tomomi Araki, Albert Arraut, Mario Cotone, Luca Donadoni, Martín Eglin, Takayuki Nakajima, Andrew Philips, Giuseppe Sirica, Melisssa Johnston

b720 参与人员: Fermín Vázquez, Pep Aviles, Antonio Buendía, Sonia Cruz, Albert Freixes, Francesc De Fuentes, Ileana Garcia, Yolanda Roma, Guillermo Weinskal, Ricardo Shultz, Carlos Fragoso, Francisco Marques


Architects: David Chipperfield (David Chipperfield Architects) – Fermín Vázquez (b720 Arquitectos)

Location: Gran Via de les Corts 111, Barcelona, Spain

Client: GISA, Departament de Justicia (Generalitat de Catalunya)

Promotor: GISA, Departament de Justicia (Generalitat de Catalunya)

Contractor: U.T.E. Ciudad de la Justicia (Fomento, Ferrovial, Ohl, Comapa y Emte)

Structures: Brufau, Obiol, Moya i Associats: Agustí Obiol, Jane Wernick Associates: Jane Wernick

Services: Grupo JG Ingenieros Consultores: Joan Gallostra, Arup: Andrew Sedgwick

Lighting Consultant: Artecluminotecnia: Maurici Ginés, Arup: Florence Lam, Bob Venning

Façade Consultant: Biosca & Botey: Xavier Farrés, Estudio Marshall: Guillermo Marshall

Landscape Consultant: Manuel Colominas, Wirtz International: Nico Mortier, Juan Remon, Peter Wirtz

Urban Planning Consultant: Estanislau Roca Arquitecte & Associats: Estanislau Roca

Acoustics Consultant: Estudi Acústic H. Arau: Higini Arau

Digital Images: Carlos Pascual; David Chipperfield Architects, b720 Arquitectos, Javier Piedra, Studio Toni Yli-Suvanto

Interior Models: b720 Arquitectos, David Chipperfield Architects, Miquel Llunch, Matthew Marchbank, Vista Models

Project Area: 232,368.72 sqm

Competition Year: March 2002

Project Year: 2004–2009

Photographs: Christian Richters, Joan Argelés

Previously, the various legal departments of the governments of Barcelona and l’Hospitalet were scattered in 17 buildings across the two cities, with functional frustrations for both users and employees. A new conjoined City of Justice will improve efficiency and allow working spaces to adapt and absorb the constant transformation of the judicial body as well as provide reserve space for future growth.

The site is at the border of the two cities of Barcelona and l’Hospitalet on a site which was previously a military barracks. It is located adjacent to both Gran Via, a major access route into the centre of Barcelona from the south, and Carrilet, an artery leading to l’Hospitalet. The position provides optimum accessibility to the city and major metropolitan routes, on both public and private transport.

The principle proposition of the project breaks down the massive programme requirements (330,000 sqm) into a series of separate but interrelated blocks on a public plaza, giving a spatial composition that attempts to break the rigid and monolithic image of justice. The proposal also attempts to provide equilibrium to the relationships between the different working areas, public areas and landscape.

A group of four large judicial buildings are situated around the perimeter of a linking concourse building. They generally contain courtrooms at ground floor and a further three floors. All of these floors are accessed directly from the concourse building which acts as a filter. The concourse building also gathers people at the start and completion of their judicial visit within a central public room, which overlooks the exterior plaza.

Four other independent buildings comprise a judicial services building for l’Hospitalet, a forensic sciences building and two commercial buildings with retail facilities at ground floor. A further building is planned to contain both residential and commercial retail activities.

All eight buildings are conceived as formally restrained blocks with load bearing coloured concrete ‘cage’ facades. Each building has a different and contrasting, although muted colour tone. The concourse building has a more free form plan with deep exposed concrete slabs and woven mesh screens in front of frameless glazing.

The project includes the desin of all public, courtroom and office interiors.

David Chipperfield Architects Team: David Chipperfield, Grabielle Allam, Motohisa Arai, Tomomi Araki, Albert Arraut, Mario Cotone, Luca Donadoni, Martín Eglin, Takayuki Nakajima, Andrew Philips, Giuseppe Sirica, Melisssa Johnston

b720 Team: Fermín Vázquez, Pep Aviles, Antonio Buendía, Sonia Cruz, Albert Freixes, Francesc De Fuentes, Ileana Garcia, Yolanda Roma, Guillermo Weinskal, Ricardo Shultz, Carlos Fragoso, Francisco Marques