美国,华盛顿州,霍特科姆县,采光墙博物馆/Olson Kundig事务所

建筑师: Olson Kundig Architects

地点: Bellingham, 华盛顿州,美国

主建筑师: Jim Olson

项目面积: 42,000 平方英尺

项目年代: 2009

摄影: Tim Bies &Benjamin Benschneider

设计竞赛

项目开始于设计竞赛。博物馆和政府需要它成为霍特科姆县的标志物,该建筑应该像贝克山剧院和旧市政厅一样,成为城市的标志性建筑。这些历史建筑都是高大的“塔”。我们认为博物馆可集中围绕一个开放的空间,以此和“塔”形成对比。我们希望空间有良好采光,西美国北地区的阳光很珍贵。我们的设计概念是一个墙半围合的聚会空间,并采集光线 - 采光墙。评委会喜欢我们的想法,我们赢得了比赛!

一个热情,友好的地方

许多博物馆都封闭,冷,外立面和内部的白色的墙壁都显得不友好。人们往往感到被冰冷的气氛抑制,错过了艺术品带来的喜悦。

我一直想创造一种可以从街道或人行道上体验不同的艺术作品的博物馆。人们可以通过采光墙看见博物馆的内部。它的壁龛可以向人行道上展示艺术品。

它是儿童和艺术博物馆,为所有年龄的人服务。它是整个社会的生活空间。

使用天然材料

本设计使用、表达西北地区的自然材料。本设计使用,表达西北地区的自然材料。

* 采光玻璃墙,如同附近的海滩黄色发光玛瑙,光线柔和像云彩一样,带来神秘的雾一样的感觉。夜间如同灯塔一样发光。

* 画廊的外立面的颜色采用柔软的黑/灰色,如同本地的树皮和海滩上的灰岩石色。

* 天花板就像风化的浮木。

* 银色金属细节反映了西北的“牡蛎光”现象。

采光墙

该大楼被命名“采光” - 有一个巨大的弯曲墙包围着院子,创造了室内空间的动态流通的戏剧效果。曲线采光墙捕捉珍贵的阳光,反射到院子,白天光线可以穿过玻璃墙,扩散到室内空间,提供温暖和照明。到了晚上,灯光从内部透过玻璃墙,造成软灯笼效果。它是社区的灯塔。

玻璃墙似乎是活的,光线难以捉摸不断变化的。玻璃墙有多种功能:雕塑背景,白天是自然光的灯具,夜间是可变颜色的发光灯笼,艺术图像画布,户外电影屏幕,甚至是影子木偶戏的背景。

还可以通过玻璃墙自然通风。

玻璃墙捕捉光线如同帆船捕捉风。它的美丽在于大自然的千变万化。

采光墙是关于光线的。光照亮艺术;艺术照亮我们。采光墙象征着启蒙。


Architects: Olson Kundig Architects

Location: Bellingham, WA, USA

Design Principal: Jim Olson

Project Area: 42,000 sq ft

Project Year: 2009

Photographs: Tim Bies &Benjamin Benschneider

The Design Competition

This project began as an international design competition. The museum and civic leaders wanted a new icon for Bellingham – a building that could take its place alongside city landmarks like Mount Baker Theater and Old City Hall. Both of those historic buildings are tall “towers.” We thought that the museum could be focused around an open gathering space, in contrast to the two towers. We wanted this space to be filled with light, since sunlight is precious in the Northwest. Our design concept was a gathering space cradled by a wall that gathers light – the Lightcatcher. The jury liked our idea and we won the competition!

A welcoming, friendly place

Many museums are off-putting and cold, unfriendly on the outside with stark white walls inside. People often feel inhibited by this cold approach and miss the joy of art because of it.

I’ve always wanted to create a museum where a variety of art pieces can be experienced from the street or sidewalk. The Lightcatcher Building lets us peek into its inner world through gates and windows. It even has niches where art can be displayed right at the sidewalk.

As both a children’s museum and an art museum, this building is for people of all ages. It is like a living room for the whole community.

Using natural materials

The design uses natural materials that express the Northwest region.

* The Lightcatcher wall celebrates the Northwest glass movement, glows like a yellowish agate from a nearby beach, softens light like our clouds, and creates a sense of mystery like our mist and fog. It is also a glowing beacon at night.

* Colors of the exterior and galleries are soft tan/gray like the bark of our trees and the rocks on our beaches.

* Ceilings are like weathered driftwood.

* Silver metal details reflect the Northwest’s “oyster light.”

The Lightcatcher Wall

The building is named for the Lightcatcher – a huge curving wall that encloses an exterior courtyard while it creates dynamic drama for the indoor circulation spaces. The curve captures precious sunlight and reflects it into the courtyard; it allows daylight through the wall, diffusing it to give the interior spaces a warm luminosity. At night, light from within glows through the glass and creates a soft lantern-like effect. It is a beacon of light for the community.

The Lightcatcher seems alive because light itself is elusive and ever-changing. The wall can be many things: a backdrop for sculpture; natural light fixture by day; a glowing lantern at night that changes color; a canvas for projected art images; a screen for outdoor movies; even a backdrop for shadow puppet theater.

The Lightcatcher breathes and creates natural ventilation for museum spaces.

The Lightcatcher catches light the way the sail on a sailboat catches wind. It is beautiful in its naturalness and it is alive with the ever-changing spirit of nature.

The Lightcatcher is about light. Light illuminates art; art illuminates us. The Lightcatcher is a symbol of enlightenment.