德国,科隆,柯伦巴艺术博物馆/彼得•卒姆托

特别感谢我们的读者——来自Urbana Arquitectura的Jose Fernando Vazquez(其作品以其在AD中做过报道)与我们分享卒姆托设计的柯伦巴艺术博物馆的精彩照片。德国科隆这座城市几乎在二战中完全被摧毁,而柯伦巴博物馆正坐落在这里,馆中保存着罗马天主教大主教区一千多年以来的艺术收藏品。卒姆托在后哥特式教堂的废墟中重新设计了一座精美的建筑,既考虑到该地区的历史,也保留了精华之处,他在博物馆的开幕式上解释道:“他们(总教会)信奉艺术品的内在价值、让人们思考与感觉的能力以及精神价值。”

卒姆托以其对材料的利用而著名,尤其在构造细部设计上的造诣令人叹为观止,他用灰砖将四分五裂的建筑基地缝合起来。这些建筑碎片中包括哥特式教堂的残垣断瓦、罗马及中世纪建筑的石头废墟,以及德国建筑师戈特弗里德•博姆在1950年为“废墟中的圣母玛利亚”建造的小教堂。

灰砖立面将老教堂的立面修补一新,呈现出这座当代博物馆的外观。砖墙之间有很多空隙,使光线能够透射到博物馆内的一些特殊空间。随着季节的变换,“斑驳的光影交错在残垣断壁之上”,营造出一种安宁而千变万化的环境。

博物馆内有16间展室,在建筑的中央还有一处秘密花园,人们可在这个与世隔绝的僻静空间里冥想。

物质性在整体设计中占据着举足轻重的地位,而卒姆托这位以从容不迫开发项目而知名的建筑大师,更是为了寻找完美的材料搜寻了颇长一段时日。这些砖块由丹麦的Petersen Tegl公司手工制作,是特别为该项目而开发的,它们都经过炭烧,染上了一层温暖的色调。

来源: Debra Moffitt for 建筑周刊


Special thanks to our reader Jose Fernando Vazquez from Urbana Arquitectura (view his work previously featured on AD) who has shared these images of Zumthor’s amazing Kolumba Museum with us. Situated in Cologne, Germany, a city that was almost completely destroyed in World War II, the museum houses the Roman Catholic Archdiocese’s collection of art which spans more than a thousand years. Zumthor’s design delicately rises from the ruins of a late-Gothic church, respecting the site’s history and preserving its essence. ”They [the Archdiocese] believe in the inner values of art, its ability to make us think and feel, its spiritual values. This project emerged from the inside out, and from the place,” explained Zumthor at the museum’s opening.

Zumthor, consistently mindful of the use of the materials, and specifically their construction details, has used grey brick to unite the destroyed fragments of the site. These fragments include the remaining pieces of the Gothic church, stone ruins from the Roman and medieval periods, and German architect Gottfried Bhm’s 1950 chapel for the “Madonna of the Ruins.”

The facade of grey brick integrates the remnants of the church’s facade into a new face for the contemporary museum. Articulated with perforations, the brick work allows diffused light to fill specific spaces of the museum. As the seasons change, the”mottled light shifts and plays across the ruins,” creating a peaceful ever-changing environment.

The museum includes 16 different exhibition rooms and, at the heart of the building, a secret garden courtyard – a quiet and secluded place for reflection.

The materiality plays such an important role in the overall design, and Zumthor, known for taking his time to develop projects, searched quite awhile for the perfect material. Handcrafted by Petersen Tegl of Denmark, the bricks were specifically developed for this project, as they were fired with charcoal to imbue a warm hue.

Source: Debra Moffitt for Architecture Week