芬兰,Kuokkala教堂/Lassila Hirvilammi

建筑师: Lassila Hirvilammi Architects

地点: Jyväskyla, 芬兰

总建筑师: Anssi Lassila

室内设计师: Teemu Hirvilammi

现场建筑师: Jani Jansson

客户: Jyväskyla教区

合作者: Virve Väisänen, Juha Pakkala, Janne Kähkönen, Matias Topi, Yoshimasa Yamada

项目面积: 1,311 平方米

项目年份: 2008-2010

摄影: Jussi Tianen

芬兰的于韦斯屈莱教区希望建造一座“一看就知道是教堂”的教堂。我们提议采用简洁的雕塑式外形,其中可涵盖教堂的各种功能。设计自然是由我们说了算,但是也要符合教堂建筑的传统,并对其进行了重新诠释。

这座东西走向的建筑坐落于库奥卡拉广场正中央,该广场是于韦斯屈莱库奥卡拉地区的中心。教堂的屋顶由搭接石板瓦所覆盖,入口处木质和铜质材料的细部处理则为整体外观锦上添花。教堂一侧的花岗岩楼梯、扶手墙以及广场上的钟塔,可引导游客走向主入口。

教堂的功能分布在三个楼层里,教会办公室直接面向市集广场。在主层上,教堂大厅和教区会议大厅可以共同形成一个公共空间,其上部楼层的儿童活动场所和青少年活动场所也连在一起。风琴和唱诗班指挥的办公室则被安置在长廊里。

教堂的主体材料为木材,天花板由胶合木框架和木制网壳混制而成,在视觉上与独立的大厅空间相互融合。网壳分三段现场组装和层压而形成一个整体。

教堂充分运用了产自当地的云杉,无论是支撑结构、内部表皮还是固定装置都用到了。教堂大厅的陈设用的是白蜡木,祭坛用的则是椴木,后者在历史上就一直被用来雕刻圣像。


Architects: Lassila Hirvilammi Architects

Location: Jyväskyla, Finland

Chief Architect: Anssi Lassila

Interior Architect: Teemu Hirvilammi

On Site Architect: Jani Jansson

Client: Parish of Jyväskyla

Collaborators: Virve Väisänen, Juha Pakkala, Janne Kähkönen, Matias Topi, Yoshimasa Yamada

Project Area: 1,311 sqm

Project Year: 2008-2010

Photographs: Jussi Tianen

The wish of the Parish of Jyväskylä was to build “a church that looks like a church”. Our proposal was a simple, sculptural form within which all of the church’s different functions could be contained. The design is “of our time”, yet permeated with nods to and re-interpretations of church-building tradition.

The east-west oriented building stands centrally on Kuokkala Square, the focal point of Jyväskylä’s Kuokkala district. The church is roofed and clad in overlapping slate tiles, with wood and copper details around the entrances supplement the overall visual aspect. The church is flanked by a granite stairway and walls which, together with the bell tower on the square, usher visitors towards the main entrance.

The church’s functions are located across three storeys, with the church offices opening directly onto the market square. On the main floor, the church hall and parish meeting hall can be combined to create a shared space onto which the floor’s children’s and youth facilities also adjoin. A gallery houses the organ and cantors’ office.

The church is predominantly wooden. The church ceiling is a combined glulam frame and wooden gridshell construction, which visually integrates the separate hall spaces. The gridshell was assembled and laminated together in-situ in three sections.

Locally sourced spruce has been used throughout the church, from its bearing structures to its interior surfaces and fixtures. The church hall furnishings are in ashwood and the altar furniture is limewood, a species used historically for the carving of wooden icons.