荷兰,安菲西恩剧院/ Mecanoo

建筑师:Mecanoo

地点:荷兰多廷赫姆(Doetinchem)

客户:Cultural Centre Theatre Amphion SA, Doetinchem

结构工程师:ABT bv, Delft

项目管理和建筑造价顾问:BBN Consultants, Houten

建筑物理、声学与防火顾问:LBP SIGHT, Nieuwegein

剧院技术顾问:Theateradvies bv, Amsterdam

机械、电气工程师:Royal Haskoning, Rotterdam

承包商:Aan de Stegge Bouw & Werktuigbouw, Goor

包括装置在内的建筑造价:€ 23,130,000

设计年份:2006-2008

施工年份:2008-2010

摄影:Christian Richters

红地毯

以前的安菲西恩剧院建于上世纪70年代,如今功成身退,由Mecanoo设计了一栋崭新的安菲西恩剧院。剧院的立面稍微倾斜,牢牢固定在多廷赫姆的地面上。沙色的砌体立面上零星地散布着一些方形窗,它们形成了一种有趣的格局。观众进入剧场须经过庭院,这里起到了红地毯的作用。红色切口标志着入口、剧院咖啡厅和演员休息室。一旦进入剧院,你就仿佛冒险进入了一个铺天盖地都是温暖的红色调的世界。一段气派的楼梯通往剧院咖啡厅,这里是剧院的中央聚会场所,从这里可到达四个门厅及大、小剧场大厅。精致的酒吧如同镶嵌在这个双层高空间的一颗明珠。立面的窗口格局创造出令人惊讶的构造,以其独有的特色渗入每个空间。窗户看上去就像油画一般,俯瞰全城,窗台那么深,有时也能起到常设桌椅的作用。

百宝箱剧院

大礼堂可容纳860个席位,如同建筑物内的宝藏。只有从外部的舞台塔才能看出礼堂的存在。亲切的马蹄形空间采用了深浅不一的红色调,让人想起昔日的剧院。三个阳台包围着剧场空间,使观众的座位更加靠近舞台。雄伟的舞台地面长36米,宽19米,适于所有大型舞台演出,观众无论在哪个座位都能获得完美的观赏角度。

容纳300个席位的小厅可用作黑盒子,几乎与老安菲西恩剧院最受欢迎的小演出厅一模一样。可移动看台呈U形布局,确保演员和观众之间可直接接触。将看台挪到一起,还能把场地转化为音乐厅或舞厅。

白天的工作场所

在安菲西恩剧院,演出变化比较频繁。为了推动这项工作,必须保证较高的装卸效率。Mecanoo提供了足以停靠三辆18米长卡车的装货和卸货区,位于两个剧场大厅舞台的中央,在同一层高上。这个空间也可用于临时存放舞台布景,或交换大、小剧场大厅的装置。主要大厅配备有29米高的全自动舞台塔。与众不同的是,大、小剧场大厅都设有一些窗口,让技术人员白天在工作场所也可享受到自然光线。


Architects: Mecanoo

Location: Doetinchem, The Netherlands

Client: Cultural Centre Theatre Amphion SA, Doetinchem

Structural engineer: ABT bv, Delft

Project management and building cost consultant: BBN Consultants, Houten

Building physics advisor, acoustics and fire safety: LBP SIGHT, Nieuwegein

Technical adviser, Theatre: Theateradvies bv, Amsterdam

Mechanical, electrical engineers: Royal Haskoning, Rotterdam

Contractor: Aan de Stegge Bouw & Werktuigbouw, Goor

Building costs including installations:  23,130,000

Design Year: 2006-2008

Construction Year: 2008-2010

Photographs: Christian Richters

Red Carpet

Amphion Theatre, designed by Mecanoo, takes the place of the former and successful Amphion Theatre of the seventies which needed replacing. With its slightly reclined facades, the theatre is anchored firmly to the Doetinchem ground. The sand-coloured masonry is interrupted by a playful pattern of square windows which appear to be strewn on the facades. The audience enters the theatre through the courtyard which is takes the role of a red carpet. Red accented incisions mark the entrance, the theatre cafe and the green room. Once inside you venture into a world where warm red shaded tones prevail. A grand staircase leads to the theatre cafe, the central meeting place in the theatre from which the four foyers and large and small theatre halls are accessible. The beautifully detailed bar is set like a jewel in the double-height space. The window pattern in the fa??ade creates surprising compositions, imbuing each space with its own character. The windows appear like paintings overlooking the city, sometimes serving as a standing table or bench with their deep sills.

Theatres as Treasure Chest

The large 860 seat auditorium is like a treasure hidden within the building. Only the fly tower on the exterior betrays the presence of the auditorium. The intimate horseshoe-shaped room in various shades of red is reminiscent of the theatres of yesteryear. Three balconies encircle the theatre, seating the audience close to the stage. Visitors have a perfect view from every seat onto the imposing 36 x 19 meter stage floor which is suitable for all large-scale theatrical productions.

The small 300 seat hall can be used as a Black Box and is almost an exact copy of the popular small theatre hall of the old Amphion. The U-shaped layout of movable stands ensures direct contact between actors and spectators. By moving the stands together, the venue is transformed into a concert hall or a ballroom.

Daylight in the Workplace

In the Amphion theatre, performances are changed at a relatively high speed. To facilitate this, efficient loading and unloading is required. Mecanoo provided the loading and unloading area with enough space for three 18-meter long trucks, centred between the stages of the two theatre halls located on the same floor level. This space can also be used to temporarily house stage sets or to exchange sets between the large and small theatre halls. The main hall is equipped with fully automatic features in the 29 meter high fly tower. Uniquely, the large and small theatre halls have windows, so that the technical staff has daylight in their workplace.